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Illinois
Coal & Coal Mining
History & Genealogy

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Williamson County, Illinois
Featuring Coal Mining
      Williamson County is a county located in the southern part of the State of Illinois.
            37.73° N, 88.93° W
As of 2000, the population was 61,296 and in 2010 the population was 66,357.
The county seat is Marion.
      Williamson County was formed out of Franklin County on February 28, 1839, and was named for Williamson County, Tennessee.
 
      Williamson County has twelve precincts:
            Blairsville, Carterville, Corinth, Crab Orchard, Creal Springs, East Marion, Grassy, Herrin, Lake Creek, Southern, Stonefort, West Marion
 
      Some of the Cities, Villages and communities are :
Bush, Cambria, Carterville, Colp, Corinth, Crab Orchard, Crainville, Creal Springs, Crenshaw, Dewmaine, Dykersburg, Energy, Herrin, Hurst, Johnston City, Lake of Egypt, Marion, No. 9, Paulton, Pittsburg, Pulley's Mill, Spillertown, Whiteash
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Williamson County, Illinois Coal Mines
A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M
N    O    P
   Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X    Y    Z
Coal Mine Fatalities A to G H to P R to Z
 
Non-Fatal Casualties
 
Historical Notes Reference Sources

 
Historical Notes
Mining Operations Cyclones Disasters
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1887 78 Extract from : History of Gallatin, Saline, Hamilton, Franklin and Williamson Counties, Illinois.
Mining Operations
       The mining of coal has become one of the leading industries of the county. About 1869 Laban Carter opened a coal mine one-half mile east of the present site of Carterville, and afterward gave a lease of ninety-nine years to the Carbondale Coal Coke Company to mine the coal, on 120 acres adjoining the aforesaid town. The company entered into the lease in April, 1872, and began operations in November following. They sank a shaft about sixty feet deep and from this and a "slope" which they are now working, they mine and ship from 300 to 400 tons of coal per day. The usual price when they ship it is from $2 to $3.50 per ton, and when sold at the mine $1 per ton. The coal of this vein is No. 7 and is the best steam and house coal in the State. This company employs about eighty-five hands at the present writing. In December, 1886, The Crystal City Plate Glass Company of Missouri opened a coal mine and sunk a shaft one and one-fourth miles north of the railroad and at a point about three miles northwest of Carterville. This shaft is about the same depth as the one at the latter place, and strikes the same vein. This company has about seventy-five men employed, and mines and ships about 300 tons of coal per day.
       About two miles north of Marion several mines have been opened by Messrs. Reed, Spiller and Tippet. At this point the coal lies near the surface, and a large amount is being mined to supply the local trade. W. W. Woods has opened a mine near Creal Springs, from which the local trade of that vicinity is supplied. At Crab Orchard and other points in the county, several mines have been opened, but for the want of railroad facilities, they have not as yet been worked to any considerable extent. The quantity of coal, mined during the year ending in July 1885, was 76,208 tons. For the last fiscal year no report has been made, but the quantity of coal mined in the county is greatly on the increase.
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Cyclones
1912 Annual Coal Report 17 Cyclone
       The Western Coal & Mining Company, Bush, suffered a severe property damage, and fifteen lives were lost as the result of a cyclone which destroyed the greater part of the village, the evening of the 20th of April, 1912.
       The office, store and numerous residence buildings, all of which belonged to the company, were destroyed, entailing a loss of about $75,000.00 with no insurance.
       Much suffering and great damage to personal property was caused to the residents, most of whom were employees. The miners and residents of the community as well as the company responded nobly to the call of distress. Governor Deneen sent a supply of tents and in a short time everybody was provided for, and as comfortable as they could be under the circumstances.
       This same cyclone destroyed the boiler house and part of the engine room at the W. P. Rend Collieries Company, No. 2 mine, and some damage to the boiler house
 
1913 Annual Coal Report 18 Cyclone
       A cyclone on the evening of March 24, 1913, demolished the brick boilerhouse of the Chicago and Big Muddy Coal and Coke Company, near Marion. The smoke stacks were blown down and considerable damage done to adjacent mine buildings and dwellings. The same storm blew down the stacks at the Illinois Hocking Washed Coal Company's Mine and unroofed the washer building.
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Disasters
      In the Annual Coal Reports of the State of Illinois, only those "accidents" where more than two were killed at one time are classed as "disasters." Some of these that occurred in Williamson County are shown here.
September 24, 1897Williamson County Coal Company Mine Johnston CityFire Damp Explosion
May 11, 1904Big Muddy Coal & Iron Company Mine HerrinPowder Explosion
January 29, 1907Big Muddy Coal & Mining Company Coal Mine Johnston CityPowder Explosion
December 23, 1909Chicago & Carterville Coal Company "A" Mine HerrinExplosion
December 8, 1916Johnston City Coal Company Mine Johnston CityFire
June 2, 1917W. P. Rend Colliery Company No. 2 Mine WeaverGas Explosion
September 29, 1922Consolidated Coal Company's Lake Creek Mine Johnston CityGas Explosion
January 25, 1924Crerar-Clinch Coal Company - McClintock Mine Johnston CityGas Explosion
September 26, 1925Consolidated Coal Company No. 7 Mine HerrinGas Explosion
December 20, 1927Cosgrove-Meehan Coal Company No. 1 Mine Johnston CityGas Explosion
January 10, 1962Blue Blaze Coal Company No. 2 Mine HerrinExplosion

Sources :
1 Statistics of Coal In Illinois 1894
                Thirteenth Annual Report ;    Springfield, ILL.; Ed. F. Hartman, State Printer, 1895

2 Sixteenth Annual Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1897
                Coal in Illinois;    Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1898

3 Seventeenth Annual Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1898
                Coal in Illinois;    Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1899

4 Eighteenth Annual Report Prepared by the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1899
                Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1899

5 Nineteenth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1900,
                also the Second Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1900, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1901

6 Twentieth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1901,
                also the Third Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1901, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1902

7 Twenty-first Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1902,
                also the Fourth Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1902, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1903

8 Twenty-second Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1903,
                also the Fifth Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1903, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1904

9 Twenty-third Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1904,
                also the Sixth Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1904, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, Illinois State Journal, State Printers, 1905

10 Twenty-Fourth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1905,
                also the Seventh Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                September 30, 1905, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, Illinois State Journal, State Printers, 1906

11 Twenty-Fifth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1906,
                also the Eighth Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                September 30, 1906, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1907

12 Twenty-Sixth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1907,
                also the Ninth Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                September 30, 1907, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1908

13 Twenty-Seventh Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1908
                Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1909

14 Twenty-Eighth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1909
                Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1910

15 Twenty-Ninth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1910
                Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1911

16 Thirtieth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1911
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1912

17 Thirty-First Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1912
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1913

18 Thirty-Second Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1913
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1914

19 Thirty-Third Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1914
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1914

20 Thirty-Fourth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1915
                State Mining Board -- Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers, 1915

21 Thirty-Fifth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1916
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, ILL.; Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers 1916

22 Twenty-Sixth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1917
                Department of Mines and Minerals; Year Ended June 30, 1917
                Printed by authority of the State of Illinois; Springfield: Illinois State Journal, State Printers, 1917

23 Thirty-Seventh Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1918
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Springfield, ILL.; Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers 1918

24 Thirty-Eighth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1919
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Springfield, ILL.; Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers 1919

25 Thirty-Ninth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1920
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Springfield, ILL.; Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers 1920

26 Fortieth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1921
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Phillips Bros. Print, Springfield, Illinois; 1921

27 Forty-First Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1922
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1922

28 Forty-Second Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1923
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1923

29 Forty-Third Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1924
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1924

30 Forty-Fifth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1925
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois State Journal Co., Springfield, Illinois., 1926

31 Forty-Sixth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1926
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1927

32 Forty-Sixth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1927
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1928

33 Forty-Seventh Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1928
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1929

34 Forty-Eighth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1929
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Journal Printing Co., Springfield, ILL., 1930

35 Forty-Ninth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1930
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1931

36 Fiftieth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1931
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1932

37 Fifty-First Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1932
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Journal Printing Co., Springfield, ILL., 1933

38 Fifty-Second Coal Report of Illinois, 1933
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

39 Fifty -Third Coal Report of Illinois, 1934
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

40 Fifty -Fourth Coal Report of Illinois, 1935
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

41 Fifty -Fifth Coal Report of Illinois, 1936
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

42 Fifty -Sixth Coal Report of Illinois, 1937
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

43 Fifty -Seventh Coal Report of Illinois, 1938
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

44 Fifty -Eighth Coal Report of Illinois, 1939
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

45 Fifty -Ninth Coal Report of Illinois, 1940
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

46 Sixtieth Coal Report of Illinois, 1941
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

47Sixty First Coal Report of Illinois, 1942
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

48 Sixty Second Coal Report of Illinois, 1943
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

49 Sixty Third Coal Report of Illinois, 1944
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

50Sixty Fourth Coal Report of Illinois, 1945
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

51 Sixty Fifth Coal Report of Illinois, 1946
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

52 Sixty Sixth Coal Report of Illinois, 1947
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

53 Sixty-seventh Coal Report of Illinois, 1948
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

54 Sixty-ninth Coal Report of Illinois, 1950
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

55 Seventieth Coal Report of Illinois, 1951
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

56 Seventy-first Coal Report of Illinois, 1952
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

57 Seventy-second Coal Report of Illinois, 1953
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

59 Seventy-fourth Coal Report of Illinois, 1955
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

60 Seventy-fifth Coal Report of Illinois, 1956
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

61 Seventy-seventh Coal Report of Illinois, 1958
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

62 Seventy-Ninth Coal Report of Illinois, 1960
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

63 Eighty-First Coal Report of Illinois, 1962
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

64 Eighty-Second Coal Report of Illinois, 1963
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

65 Eighty-Third Coal Report of Illinois, 1964
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

66 Eighty-Fourth Coal Report of Illinois, 1965
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

67 Eighty-Fifth Coal Report of Illinois, 1966
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

68 Eighty-Sixth Coal Report of Illinois, 1967
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

69 Eighty-Seventh Coal Report of Illinois, 1968
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

70 Eighty-Eighth Coal Report of Illinois, 1969
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

71 Eighty-Ninth Coal Report of Illinois, 1970
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

72 Ninetieth Coal Report of Illinois, 1971
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

73 Ninety-first Coal Report of Illinois, 1972
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

74 Ninety-second Coal Report of Illinois, 1973
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

75 Ninety-Third Coal Report of Illinois, 1974
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

76 One-Hundred-Second Coal Report of Illinois, 1983
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

77 Coal Mines in Illinois, Williamson County
                Illinois State Geological Survey, 615 East Peabody Drive, Champaign, IL. 61820

78 History of Gallatin, Saline, Hamilton, Franklin and Williamson Counties, Illinois.
                The Goodspeed Publishing Co.; John Morris Company, Printers, Chicago; 1887

79 Statistics of Coal Production in Illinois, 1883,
                A Supplemental Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics,
                by John S Lord, Secretary; Springfield, ILL: H. W. Rokker, Printer and Binder; 1883

80 Third Biennial Report, Bureau of Labor Statistics of Illinois, 1884
                Springfield, ILL; H. W. Roker, State Printer and Binder, 1884

81 Statistics of Coal In Illinois 1885
                A Supplemental Report; State Bureau of Labor Statistics
                Reports of Mine Inspectors; For the Year Ended July1, 1885
                Springfield, ILL; H. W. Roker, State Printer and Binder, 1885

82 Fifteenth Annual Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1896
                Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1897

Coal & Coal Mining in Illinois

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