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Illinois
Coal & Coal Mining
History & Genealogy

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Pike County, Illinois
Featuring Coal Mining
      Pike County is a county located in the central part of the state of Illinois.
            39.62° N, 90.89° W
As of 2000, the population was 17,384 and in 2010 the population was 16,430.
The county seat is Pittsfield, Illinois.
Pike County was formed on January 31, 1821 out of Madison County, and was named in honor of Zebulon Pike.
      Pike County has twenty-four townships:
            Atlas, Barry, Chambersburg, Cincinnati, Derry, Detroit, Fairmount, Flint, Griggsville, Hadley, Hardin, Kinderhook, Levee, Martinsburg, Montezuma, Newburg, New Salem, Pearl, Perry, Pittsfield, Pleasant Hill, Pleasant Vale, Ross, Spring Creek
      Some of the cities, towns, villages and communities are :
Atlas, Barry, Baylis, Bedford, Chambersburg, Detroit, East Hannibal, El Dara, Fishhook, Florence, Griggsville, Hull, Kinderhook, Martinsburg, Maysville, Meredosia, Milton, Montezuma, Nebo, New Canton, New Hartford, New Salem, Pearl, Perry, Pike, Pittsfield, Pleasant Hill, Rockport, Seehorn, Summer Hill, Time, Valley City
      and one from the past (ghost town) : Straut

History of Coal in Pike County, Illinois
Excerpt from "History of Pike County, Illinois"2 1880
Coal Measures
       The coal formation occupies but a limited area in the central and northern portions of this county, underlying the whole of New Salem township, and a portion only of the four surrounding townships. The thickness does not probably exceed 60 feet. The following are the principal points where coal has been dug in Pike county:
       Huntley's, N.W. sec. 15, Hadley township; coal 10 to 24 inches thick, overlaid by about 6 inches of black shale.
       Huntley's new bank, N.W. sec. 10, Hadley township; bed 6 feet thick with a parting of clay shale in the middle, about 2 inches in thickness. The coal in the upper part of this seam is rather soft, and contains considerable iron bisulphide. The lower division affords a harder and better coal and rests upon a gray fire clay 2 feet or more in thickness.
       Three miles east of Barry coal has been dug on a small branch south of the Philadelphia road; and a mile further south there is a blue clay shale 26 to 30 feet thick exposed along the creek which intersects the river bluffs near New Canton. It contains septaria and tuten-mergel, and closely resembles the shale over the coal at Huntley's mine.
       From this point the western boundary of the Coal Measures trends southeastwardly to Houseworth's coal bank, two miles and a half northwest of Pittsfield, on N.W. sec. 16, Pittsfield township. Coal about 18 inches thick, overlaid by about three feet of dark blue shale, passing upward into sandy shale 10 feet more.
       Four miles west of Griggsville, coal is found on Mr. Dunham's place. It is 14 to 20 inches thick, overlaid by about two feet of fossiliferous black shale. This seam of coal outcrops on S. E. sec, 11, same township, and in the ravines between Griggsville and Philadelphia, via New Salem.
       A half mile south of Griggsville coal has also been worked, the seam being 18 to 21 inches thick.
       On Lazarus Ross' place, a mile and a half northwest of Perry Springs, some indications of coal may be seen in the bluffs of the middle fork of McGee's creek.
 
Perry Township
       The coal deposits in this county are all, except at Huntley's place, too thin for profitable working. Where surface "stripping," however, can be done, it pays to mine the thinner deposits. Huntley's is probably a local deposit, a " pocket,'' which will soon be exhausted.

Coal Mines
Listed in 1890 3
Mine Operator Town or Post Office
nearest the mine
Employees Days worked during year
(July 1, 1889 - June 30, 1890)
Tons
mined
Edwin Cooley Fish Hook 2 6 11
Isaac Davis Fish Hook 2 10 10
William Fee Fish Hook 2 8 11
M. V. Huntley Baylis 2 miners in winter 18 36
W. V. Huntley Cool Bank 2 miners in winter 20 44
Benjamin Null Fish Hook 2 6 6
George Seaborn Perry 2 8 10
Frank Walters Fish Hook 1 10 10

Casgrand Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Pike County - Barry
Mine Name Operated By Years
Casgrand Coal Mine   Charles H. Casgrand   1931
[Source - No. 7]

Dady & Woods Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Pike County - Barry
Mine Name Operated By Years
Dady & Woods Coal Mine   Dady & Woods   1927
[Source - No. 4]

Manley Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Pike County - Baylis -
    Township 13 South, Range 4 West, Section 6
A Surface (Strip) Mine
Mine Name Operated By Years
Manley Coal Mine   C. J. Manley   1939 - 1940
Manley Coal Mine   Manley Mine   1942
[Sources - Nos. 9, 10, 1 Index #3182]

Pike County Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Pike County - Barry, R.R. 4
Mine Name Operated By Years
Pike County Coal Mine   Pike County Coal Company   1928
[Source - No. 5]

Tillman Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Pike County - Barry
Mine Name Operated By Years
Tillman Coal Mine   L. E. Tillman   1932
[Source - No. 8]

Sources :
1 Coal Mines in Illinois, Champaign County
                Illinois State Geological Survey, 615 East Peabody Drive, Champaign, IL. 61820

2 "History of Pike County, Illinois"
                Chas. C. Chapman & Co., Chicago; 1880

3 Sixth Biennial Report of the Bureau of Labor Statistics of Illinois, 1890
                Springfield, ILL.; H. W. Rokker, State Printer and Binder, 1891

4 Forty-Sixth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1927
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1928

5 Forty-Seventh Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1928
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1929

5 Forty-Eighth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1929
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Journal Printing Co., Springfield, ILL., 1930

7 Fiftieth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1931
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1932

8 Fifty-First Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1932
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Journal Printing Co., Springfield, ILL., 1933

9 Fifty -Eighth Coal Report of Illinois, 1939
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

10 Sixty First Coal Report of Illinois, 1942
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois


 
Coal & Coal Mining in Illinois

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