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Coal & Coal Mining
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Marshall County, Illinois

Featuring Coal Mining
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Coal Mines A - K
Marshal County Coal Mining History Fatalities
Reference Sources

Laflin & Reece Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Laflin & Reece Coal Mine   Laflin & Reece   1924 - 1925
[Source - No. 40 ]

Lake View Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland / Lacon
Mine Name Operated By Years
Lake View Coal Mine   Lake View Mine   1927 - 1929
[Sources - Nos. 42, 43, 44 ]

Lanning Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine at a depth of 46 feet to 50 feet with a coal seam of 3¼ feet to 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Lanning Coal Mine   Bernard Lanning
    in 1890 spelled "Lannon"
  1889 - 1906
[Sources - Nos. 7 through 21 ]

Lipstack Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Lipstack Coal Mine   Lipstack Coal Company   1920 - 1921
Lipstack Coal Mine   Septak Coal Company ( ? Spelling ? )   1922 - 1923
Lipstack Coal Mine   Lipstack Coal Company   1923 - 1924
[Sources - Nos. 36, 38, 39 ]

Lishman Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Lishman Coal Mine   Thomas F. Lishman   1918 - 1919
[Source - No. 34 ]

Lishman & McHall Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Lishman & McHall Coal Mine   Lishman & McHall   1923 - 1924
[Source - No. 39 ]

Lopeman Coal Mines
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Henry
A Drift Mine at a depth of 40 feet with a coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Lopeman Coal Mine   William C. Lopeman   1884 - 1896
1901 - 1907
Lopeman Coal Mine   Loper (Lopeman) Bros.   1911 - 1912
Lopeman Coal Mine   Lopman (Lopeman) Bros.   1912 - 1913
Lopeman Coal Mine   William C. Lopeman   1913 - 1915
[Sources - Nos. 4 through 11, 16 through 22, 27, 28, 29, 30 ]
1914 29 - Change of Name - The following mines have changed names since last report: Lopman Bros, to William Lopman.
1916 31 - Abandoned Mines; Marshall County. - The following mines have been abandoned or temporarily closed: William Lopeman
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland - Township 13 North, Range 9 East, Sections 35, SE SE SE & 36
A Slope Mine with a coal seam of 3 feet to 5 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Pearson Coal Mine   John H. Pearson (Pierson)   1911 - 1927
Pearson Coal Mine   Idle   1928 - 1929
Pearson Coal Mine   John H. Pearson   1930 - 1938
Lopeman Coal Mine   Elmer Lopeman   1939 - 1944
The last production was reported in 1944.
[Sources - Nos. 1 Index #2863, 27 through 36, 38 through 42, 49 through 59 ]

Lopeman & Nighsonger Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - near Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Nighsonger Coal Mine   Clarence Nighsonger   1949 - 1950
Lopeman & Nighsonger Coal Mine   Lopeman & Nighsonger   1951
[Source - No. 1, Index #2746 ]

Madearis Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Henry
A Drift Mine with a coal seam of 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Madearis Coal Mine   James Madearis   1896 - 1903
[Sources - Nos. 11 through 18 ]
Spelling variation = "Medearis"

Mansill Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Henry
A Drift Mine at a depth of 50 feet with a coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Mansill Coal Mine   Timothy Mansill   1884 - 1885
[Sources - Nos. 4, 5 ]

Mathias Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine at a depth of 50 feet with a coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Mathias Coal Mine   David Mathias   prior to 1883 - 1884
[Sources - Nos. 3, 4 ]
1885 5 Marshall County - The drift operated by David Mathias near Sparland has been abandoned

Mayers Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Mayers Coal Mine   J. Mayers   1920 - 1921
[Source - No. 36, ]

McFadden Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Henry
A Drift Mine at a depth of 100 feet with a coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
McFadden Coal Mine   John McFadden   prior to 1883 - 1890
[Sources - Nos. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, ]

McKee Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Henry
Mine Name Operated By Years
McKee Coal Mine   Nick McKee   1893 - 1894
[Source - No. 9 ]

McLaughlin Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine at a depth of 70 feet with a coal seam of 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
McLaughlin Coal Mine   O. W. McLaughlin   1906 - 1907
[Source - No. 23 ]

Miller & Olson Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine
Mine Name Operated By Years
Miller & Olson Coal Mine   Miller & Olson   1916 - 1917
[Source - No. 32 ]

Moody Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Henry
Mine Name Operated By Years
Moody Coal Mine   Joseph Moody   1889 - 1892
Moody & Blankenship Coal Mine   Moody & Blankenship   1892 - 1893
Moody Coal Mine   Joseph Moody   1893 - 1894
[Sources - Nos. 6, 7, 8, 9 ]

Murray Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine with a coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Murray Coal Mine   George Murray   1886 - 1887
[Source - No. 6 ]

Mutton Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland - Township 13 North, Range 9 East, Section 22, SW SE NE
A Drift Mine at a depth of 60 feet with a coal seam of 3.67 feet to 3.83 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Colwell Coal Mine   Frank Colwell   1932 - 1940
Mutton Coal Mine   Frank Mutton Coal Company   1940 - 1941
[Sources - Nos. 1 Index#6052, 49 through 56 ]
The last production was reported in 1941

Myers Coal Mines
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine with a coal seam of 3 feet 8 inches in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Myers Coal Mine   John Myers   1903 - 1906
[Sources - Nos. 19, 20, 21 ]
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Myers Coal Mine   Jack Myers   1924 - 1925
[Source - No. 40 ]

Nanoler Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Nanoler Coal Mine   Nanoler Bros. Coal Company   1923 - 1924
[Source - No. 39 ]

Nelson Coal Mines
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Nelson Coal Mine   Andrew Nelson   1892 - 1894
[Sources - Nos. 8, 9 ]
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Nelson Coal Mine   Thomas H. Nelson   1927 - 1929
[Sources - Nos. 42, 43 ]

Newell Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine with a coal seam of 3 feet 10 inches in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Newell & Hamilton Coal Mine   Newell & Hamilton   1899 - 1900
Hamilton & Newell Coal Mine   Hamilton & Newell   1900 - 1901
Newell Coal Mine   Ianthus Newell   1901 - 1902
[Sources - Nos. 15, 16, 17 ]

Nighswonger Coal Mines
Note : Spelling variations : Neighsanger; Neisaunger; Negsonger; Nisonger; Nigsonger
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine with a coal seam of 3½ feet to 3 feet 10 inches in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Nighswonger Coal Mine   L. Nighswonger   1897 - 1898
Nighswonger Coal Mine   Nighswonger Bros.   1899 - 1902
Nighswonger Coal Mine   Louis Nighswonger   1902 - 1907
Nighswonger Coal Mine   Lewis Nisonger   1914 - 1916
 
[Sources - Nos. 13, 15 through 22, 30, 31, 32 ]
1915 30 - New Mines; Marshall County. - The following are the new or reopened mines: Lewis Nisonger, Sparland
1917 32 - Abandoned Mines; Marshall County - The following is abandoned or temporarily closed: Louis Neighsonger, Sparland, Marshall County.
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Henry
A Drift Mine with a coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Nighswonger Coal Mine   Harvey E. Neighsanger   1914 - 1915
[Sources - Nos. 30, 31 ]
1915 30 - New Mines; Marshall County. - The following are the new or reopened mines: Harvey E. Neighsanger, Henry
1916 31 - Abandoned Mines; Marshall County. - The following mines have been abandoned or temporarily closed: Harvey Neisaunger
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Nighswonger Coal Mine   Clarence Nisonger   1918 - 1921
Nighswonger Coal Mine   Lorence Nigsonger   1922 - 1923
Nighswonger Coal Mine   Nigsonger Coal Company   1923 - 1924
Nighswonger Coal Mine   Clarence Nigsonger   1924 - 1925
 
Nighswonger Coal Mine   Nighswonger Bros.   1934
[Sources - Nos. 34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 49 ]

Nighswonger & Kazer Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Nighswonger & Kazer Coal Mine   Nigsonger & Kazer   1922 - 1923
[Source - No. 38 ]

Osborne Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine at a depth of 100 feet with a coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Osborne Coal Mine   W. M. Osborne   prior to 1883 - 1887
[Sources - Nos. 3, 4, 5, 6 ]
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine with a coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Osborne Coal Mine   Scott Osborne   1886 - 1887
[Source - No. 6 ]

Osher Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Toluca
Mine Name Operated By Years
Osher Coal Mine   Frank Osher   1925
[Source - No. 1 not listed in Annual Coal Reports ]

Owl Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland - Township 12 North, Range 9 East, Section 34, SW SW NE
A Drift Mine with an average coal seam of 3.5 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Walsh & Yelm Coal Mine   Walsh & Yelm   1935 -1936
 
Owl Coal Mine   Owl Coal Company
Roy Pierson, owner
L. E. Green & M. Davis; lessees
  1939 - 1940
The last production was reported in 1940.
[Source - No. 1 Index #6055, 50, 51, 54, 55 ]

Passent Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine at a depth of 60 feet with a coal seam of 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Passent Coal Mine   Emory Passent   1907 - 1908
[Source - No. 24 ]

Pastick Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Henry
Mine Name Operated By Years
Pastick Coal Mine   Mike Pastick   1924 - 1925
[Source - No. 40 ]

Pittet Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine at a depth of 60 feet with a coal seam of 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Pittet Coal Mine   H. Pittet   1906 - 1907
[Source - No. 23 ]

Porter Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Henry
A Drift Mine at a depth of 50 feet with a coal seam of 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Porter Coal Mine   F. P. Porter   1884 - 1885
[Sources - Nos. 4, 5 ]
1885 5 Marshall County - The mine operated by F. P. Porter has been abandoned.

Pricher Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland - Township 12 North, Range 9 East, Section 34, NW SW NE
A Drift Mine with an average coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Pricher Coal Mine   R. Pricher
or Collear & Pricher
  1928
The last production was reported in 1928.
[Source - No. 1 Index #365, 43 ]

Quick Service Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Quick Service Coal Mine   Quick Service   1929
[Source - No. 44 ]

R & R Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - near Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Robertson Coal Mine   Guy Robertson   1940
R & RCoal Mine   R & R Coal Company
Robertson & Reuter
  1941
[Source - No. 1, 55, 56 ]

Ray Coal Mines
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine with a coal seam of 3 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Ray Coal Mine   William Ray (Rhey)   1910 - 1912
[Sources - Nos. 26, 27, 28 ]
1913 28 - Abandoned Mines - There being no report for the following mine, it is classed as abandoned: William Rhey, Sparland, Marshall County
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Ray Coal Mine   Robert Ray   1920 - 1924
[Sources - Nos. 36, 38, 39 ]
Spelling variations = "Roe"; "Rae"

Rear Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine with a coal seam of 3 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Rear Coal Mine   William Rear   1909 - 1910
[Source - No. 25 ]

Reed Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Reed Coal Mine   J. L. Reed   1919 - 1920
[Source - No. 35 ]

Reed & Meyers Coal Mines
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Henry
Mine Name Operated By Years
Pratt Coal Mine   George Pratt   1934
Colwell & Pratt Coal Mine   Colwell & Pratt   1935
Colwell Coal Mine   Colwell Coal Company   1936
Johnson & Wilkins Coal Mine   Colwell Coal Company   1939
Reed & Meyers Coal Mine   Reed & Meyers   1940
[Sources - Nos. 49, 50, 51, 54, 55 ]

Ross Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Township 12 North, range 9 East, Section 11, SE NE SW
A Shaft Mine with an average coal seam of 4 feet to 4.6 feet in thickness.
      According the ISGS field notes, the mine was on the east side of the creek, at an elevation of 510 feet - 520 feet.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Ross Coal Mine   Fred Ross   prior to 1930
[Source - No. 1 Index #6070 ]

Sable Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine at a depth of 40 feet with a coal seam of 3 feet 8 inches in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Sable Coal Mine   Charles Sable   1894 - 1895
[Source - No. 10 ]

Savill Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine at a depth of 60 feet with a coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Savill Coal Mine   Charles Savill   prior to 1883 - 1887
[Sources - Nos. 3, 4, 5, 6 ]

Schandler Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Schandler Coal Mine   William Schandler   1929
[Source - No. 44 ]

Schultz & Williams Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Schultz Coal Mine   Martin Schultz (Scholtz)   1929 - 1934
Williams & Schultz Coal Mine   Williams & Schultz   1935
Schultz (Scholtz) & Williams Coal Mine   Schultz & Williams   1936
[Sources - Nos. 44, 49, 50, 51 ]

Simpson Coal Mines
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland / Marshall
Mine Name Operated By Years
Simpson Coal Mine No.1   R. H. Simpson   1929 - 1934
Simpson Coal Mine No.1   W. H. Simpson   1935
&
Simpson Coal Mine No.2   R. H. Simpson   1932 - 1933
[Sources - Nos. 44, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50 ]
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
W. H. Simpson Coal Mine No.2   W. H. Simpson   1936 - 1941
The last production was reported in 1941.
[Sources - Nos. 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56 ]

Smith Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine with a coal seam of 3 feet 10 inches in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Smith Coal Mine   Charles Smith   1899 - 1900
[Source - No. 15 ]

Snell & Frisby Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine at a depth of 100 feet with a coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Snell & Frisby Coal Mine   Snell & Frisby   1911 - 1912
[Sources - Nos. 27, 28 ]
1913 28 - Abandoned Mines - There being no report for the following mine, it is classed as abandoned: Snell & Frisby, Sparland, Marshall County

Sparr Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland - Township 12 North, Range 9 East, Section 15, NE SW NE
A Drift Mine at a depth of 150 feet with a coal seam of 3¼ feet to 4.2 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Reid Coal Mine   A. E. Reid   1927
Spare Coal Mine   Nat Spare (? Spelling ?)   1928
Sparr Coal Mine   Matt Sparr   1929 - 1936
The last production was reported in 1936.
[Source - No. 1 Index #362, 42, 43, 44, 49, 50, 51 ]

Star Buck Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - (Acme Coal Company & Star Coal Company) Sparland
             Marshall County - (Star Buck Company ) Tonysico
A Drift Mine with a coal seam of 3 feet 8 inches in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Acme Coal Mine No. 3   Acme Coal Company   1916 - 1917
Star Coal Mine No. 3   Star Coal Company   1917 - 1920
Star Buck Coal Mine   Star Buck Company   1920 - 1921
[Sources - Nos. 32 through 36 ]
1917 32 - New Mines; Marshall County - New or reopened mine: Acme Coal Co. No. 3, Sparland.

Strong Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland / Lacon
Mine Name Operated By Years
Strong Coal Mine   Alfred M. Strong   1922 - 1923
1926
[Sources - Nos. 38, 41 ]

Strong & Chrisman Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland / Lacon
Mine Name Operated By Years
Strong & Chrisman Coal Mine   Strong & Chrisman   1935
[Source - No. 50 ]

Tauverque Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Tauverque Coal Mine   Dorime Tauverque   1922 - 1923
[Source - No. 38 ]

Taylor Coal Mines
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Henry
A Drift Mine with a coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Taylor Coal Mine   Thomas Taylor   1886 - 1887
[Source - No. 6 ]
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Township 13 North, Range 9 East, Section 22, SE NE
A Surface (Strip) Mine
Mine Name Operated By Years
Taylor Coal Mine   Taylor Coal Company   1941
Taylor & Bergartz Coal Mine   Taylor & Bergartz   1942 - 1944
Taylor Coal Mine   Willie Taylor   1945 - 1946
The last production was reported in 1946.
[Source - No. 1 Index #6058, 56 through 61 ]

Thompson Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Henry
A Shaft Mine at a depth of 50 feet with a coal seam of 4½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Thompson Coal Mine   James Thompson   1884 - 1887
[Sources - Nos. 4, 5, 6 ]
1885 5 Marshall County - James Thompson, the operator of a local shaft 3½ miles west of Henry, has had a series of mishaps. During the summer of 1884 the coal around the bottom of the shaft caught fire from the furnace, and it was communicated to the shaft, and before it could be checked the timber in the shaft and the wooden buildings on top were completely destroyed. After enlarging, and retimbering the shaft and getting fairly underway again, the water from a small creek which runs over part of the workings broke into the mine. After several weeks ineffectual attempts to keep the water down, the mine was abandoned, and a new shaft sunk west of the old workings. It was at the sinking of the new shaft that Alexander Dunlap lost his life.

Toluca Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Toluca - Township 29 North, Range 1 East, Section 8
      Upper Seam - at a depth of 370 feet to 375 feet with a coal seam of 3 feet 4 inches in thickness.
      Lower Seam - at a depth of 506 feet to 512 feet with a coal seam of 2 feet 8 inches in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Devlin Coal Mine
      Shafts Nos. 1, 2 & 3
  Devlin Coal Copany   1893 - 1909
       Shaft No. 1 Devlin Coal Copany   1893 - 1896
       Shaft No. 2 Devlin Coal Copany   1894 - 1896
       Shaft No. 3 Devlin Coal Copany   1894 - 1896
Third Vein, No. 1   Devlin Coal Copany   1896 - 1909
Second Vein, No. 2   Devlin Coal Copany   1896 - 1909
Toluca Coal Mine No. 1 & No. 2 Toluca Coal Copany   1909 - 1924
[Sources - Nos. 1 Index #11, 9 through 39 ]
The last production was reported on May 1, 1924
 
1893 8 Improvements - At Toluca, Marshall county, the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Company has secured a large tract of coal land on the line of its road; one shaft has been completed and the hoisting machinery is being put in position, while other shafts are being sunk. This company will probably be producing coal early in November, 1893.
 
1894 9 New Mines - The Devlin Coal Company, has opened new shafts Nos. 1, 2, and 3, shipping mines, at Toluca, Marshall county: these mines are situated on the line of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, about 114 miles south-west of Chicago. At these mines there are two seams of workable coal; the upper seam is 370 feet below the surface, and is 44 inches in thickness; the lower seam, which is number 2 of the geological section, is 510 feet below the surface, and is 32 inches thick. The three shafts are all in one block of coal: the number 2 shaft being midway between numbers 1 and 3, No. 2 shaft will eventually be used as an airshaft. The upper seam is worked room-and-pillar, while the lower seam is being opened up on a new long-wall system; this is to drive out from each side of the shaft about 90 yards, then drive entries at right angles to those from the shaft: the entries are driven the same from each shaft and are to connect with each other. It is intended to thus form 10,000 feet on each side of the block of coal, which is to be left unmined until after the workings are connected: when all the connections are made around the entire block, there will be a face of coal of 21,080 feet, or nearly 4 miles.
      The company intended to use mining machines to drive the entries in these mines, and placed an air compressor and three Legg machines for this purpose, however, they were only used for a short time, as it was found they did not accomplish the work that was expected.
      At the lower seam, the bottom on each side of these shafts is 240 feet long, 12 feet wide and S feet high; timbered with the best kind of sawed oak and pitch-pine with lagging the entire distance; the collars are 12 x l4-inch timbers and about two feet apart. The bottom on each side of the shafts at the upper seam is 180 feet long. 12 feet wide and 8 feet high, timbered the same as the bottom of the lower seam. The hoisting arrangement and head-gearing is first-class in every respect; as yet no detaching hooks have been put on, but the company intend to have them as soon as they can be procured.
      At the No. 1 shaft, the plant consists of four, flue boilers 4½ x 26 feet; air-compressor: hoisting engines, first motion cylinders 22 x 36 inches and an 8-foot drum: this is a double-drum and can be thrown in or out of gear at will: one side can be in motion while the other remains stationary; by this arrangement the cages can be changed from one seam to the other whenever necessary; there is also a 9-foot fan, having an engine, single cylinder 15 x 26 inches. Shafts Nos. 2 and 3. when fully equipped, will be similar to No. 1.
 
1895 10 - The Delvin Coal Company, at Toluca, has connected the workings of No. 1 mine with No. 3 shaft. They have driven two entries in each seam, one on each side of the workings, and each entry constitutes a separate means of escape. While driving the above entries it became necessary to resort to extreme measures to obtain a sufficient amount of air for the men that were working in them. Pipes were laid and an air compressor furnished all the air that was required.
 
1899 14 - Improvements - The Devlin Coal Co., at Toluca, Marshall County, has put in double-decked cages during the year, and erected a new ventilating fan 20 feet in diameter to take the place of the smaller one in use heretofore.
 
1900 15 - Improvements - The Devlin Coal Company, at its mine No. 1, Toluca, Marshall county, has built four overcasts, which practically divides the air current into six separate splits, and gives very satisfactory results.
 
1901 16 - Shaft Towers Destroyed by Fire -- On the night of August 29, 1900, the tower, scale house and large nut coal bins at the Devlin Coal Co.'s shaft No. 1, at Toluca, Marshall county, were totally destroyed by fire. The engine house, boiler room and ventilating fan and fan house were saved The cause of the fire is not known; it was supposed by some to be the result of spontaneous combustion in the nut coal bins, as the fire when first discovered seemed to have stated in that direction. The fact, however, that these bins were being filled and emptied at short intervals, would seem to dispel the logic of that supposition. The top of the down-cast shaft was destroyed by the fire, but by persistent work the damage was repaired in two days, the ventilation again established and coal hoisted through the No. 2 shaft. A temporary tower was erected at No. 1 shaft, and in about two weeks after the fire the mine was again in full operation.
 
1918 33 - Improvements - The changes in the plant of the Toluca Coal Company are being made with the idea of reducing the cost of production by the aid of a more modern plant, and also by increasing the production to between 1,500 and 2,000 tons per day.
      The coal handling plants of No. 1 and No. 2 shafts are to be consolidated at No. 1. No. 2 is to be equipped with an electric hoist and used for hoisting men and material only. The Litchfield engine, now in use at No. 2, is to be installed at No. 1 in place of the present engine which is to be discarded. A 500 turbine generator is being installed, to use the steam from the hoisting engine and live steam as required. A 200 auxiliary unit driven by a Harrisburg engine is for use at such times as current is required when no hoisting is being done. The voltage used is 2,300, alternating current. A motor generator set in the same room takes alternating current and delivers a direct current of 275 volts for the use of the motors in the mine. The hoisting and electrical equipment will be housed in a new brick and concrete building.
      The steam power is to be increased by twin 150 horsepower Frost boilers. These boilers are automatically stoked and are operated under forced draft furnished by a Sirocco blower run by an 8-inch by 9-inch engine. Boiler feed water is treated in a 24,000 gallons capacity combined heater and softener.
      All machinery and pumps about the plant will be electrically operated, except the hoisting engine at No. 1 shaft. An 8-foot Sirocco fan, installed in a concrete casing, is run by an electric motor with a capacity of 150,000 cubic feet per minute.
      The old wooden tower at No. 1 shaft is being replaced by a modern steel structure having a loading boom, picking table and "Dock" platform. The coal for the railroad chutes will be conveyed by an overhead conveyor over the tracks of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the Chicago & Alton Railway and distributed to the bins by a larry car, handled by an electrically driven motor.
      The railroad scales will be arranged to weigh the empties above the chute and the loads below it, two scales being used.
      The coal will be hoisted in skips holding two pit car loads at a time. The cars will be dumped at the bottom, two at a time, in a rotary dump, without being uncoupled from the trip. Lepley cagers and swivel couplings make this possible. Two scales will be installed near the shaft bottom to weigh two cars at one time. A small compressor will furnish power to operate the rotary dump.
      As the present bottom, which lies east and west, was too short to hold the necessary cars to operate a rotary dump, a new set of bottom entries were driven, passing the shaft from south to north. These were driven in the shaft pillar, which is 600 feet wide, east and west, and extends over a quarter of a mile north and three-quarters of a mile south of No. 1 shaft. The shaft pillar was split by an 8-foot entry, driven east and west, 600 feet south of No. 1 shaft. At a point on this entry south of the shaft, two entries were driven north 60 feet apart. Both of these entries are to be driven about 350 feet north of the shaft. The entry to the east is for the loaded cars and was driven to pass close to the shaft. It has a grade of 1% per cent which increases to 2 per cent in the shaft vicinity. The west entry is the empty track, and is used by the motors in returning south after they have passed around the shaft through it and picked up their empties below.
      There are four crosscuts south of the shaft and three on the north or empty side. The entry for the loaded track is driven 10 feet wide and the other entries and crosscuts are 8 feet wide. Total new entry, 2,644 feet, crosscut 576 feet, or 3,220 feet of driving. A puncher machine, driven by compressed air, was used on a part of the work.
      The shaft is to be partially retimbered and the sump deepened to receive the skips.
      The mine is being wired for the use of machines. Lead covered cable laid in a concrete conduit, will carry the 2,300 volt current to transformers, where it will be stepped down to 220 volts for use on the seven mining machines. There are to be nine transformer rooms located near the face. A Rateau steam generator and a spray pond comprise the adjuncts to the Turbo generator installation.

Turk Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland - Township 12 North, Range 9 East, Section 2, NW SW SE
A Drift Mine with a coal seam of 3 feet 4 inches to 5 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Turk Coal Mine   Anton "Tony" Turk   1922 - 1930
The last production was reported in 1929.
[Sources - Nos. 1 Index #363, 38 through 44 ]

Turner Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Henry
A Drift Mine with a coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Turner Coal Mine   Joseph Turner   1886 - 1887
[Source - No. 6 ]

Weber Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
A Drift Mine at a depth of 60 feet with a coal seam of 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Weber Coal Mine   Jacob Weber   1907 - 1908
[Source - No. 23 ]

Wenona Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Wenona - Township 30 North, Range 1 East, Section 24, NE NE NE
A Shaft Mine at a depth of 555 feet to 576 feet with a coal seam of 2 feet 8 inches to 4 feet 5 inches in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Hamilton, Hodge & Mouser Coal Mine   Hamilton, Hodge & Monser   1865 - 1883
Wenona Coal Mine No. 1   Wenona Coal Company   1883 - 1925
[Sources - Nos. 1 Index#4, 3 through 40 ]
The last production was reported in April 1925.
 
1883 3 - The new shaft at Wenona is the only important mine in this county. It is 555 feet down, and in sinking, 6 different seams of coal were encountered, the only one of importance being 40 inches thick and 330 feet below the surface. The lowest seam, No. 2, is the only one, however, being developed. Proper precautions are being taken to secure good ventilation, and the purpose is to make it a safe and healthy mine. There are safety catches on the cages, and a brake on the drum.
 
1885 5 Marshall County - The only mine of importance in this county is located within the corporate limits of the city of Wenona, and is owned and operated by the Wenona Coal Company, The shaft is 555 feet deep, from the surface to the bottom of the coal ; the seam is No. 2 of the general section, 2 feet 8 inches thick, and of excellent quality. The workings are conducted on the longwall method, and show intelligent and economical management. The winding machinery consists of a pair of horizontal engines, cylinders 13 inches in diameter and 42 inch stroke, working on first, or direct motion, diameter of drum 5 feet, and ropes 1 1/8 inches in diameter. Owing to the high cage speed, which is about 1,150 feet per minute when hoisting coal, the small diameter of the drum, for ropes of the above size, and the proximity of the engines to the shaft, two pair of ropes are worn out every year.
      The steam is supplied by a battery of four cylindrical boilers, 42 inches in diameter and 24 feet long, longitudinal seams double riveted. The boilers are supplied with all the necessary adjuncts pertaining to steam boilers.
      The sinking of an escapement shaft by this company was commenced May 1, 1884, and completed February 9, 1885, The escapement is the same depth as the main shaft. It is 7 feet long and 5 feet wide, and is located about 360 feet north of the hoisting shaft. Ladders have been placed in position; they are divided into lengths of 14 feet each, and pitch at an angle of about 60°, making an excellent avenue of escape in case of necessity.
      A ventilating fan 10 feet in diameter has been ordered, and will probably be in position the latter part of August; then the Wenona mine can take its position among the well equipped mines of the State.
      E. L. Monser, Sup't ; John Merlin, Mine Manager.
 
1900 15 - Improvements - At the Wenona Coal Company's mine, located at Wenona, Marshall county, the old shaft tower, that has been in use for about 18 years, has been taken down, and an entire new tower erected.
 
1915 30 - Improvements - Wenona Coal Company, Wenona, Marshall County, has completed the installation of an entire new boiler system, which includes stokers and water purifiers, and four new lines of steel rail guides in the hoisting shaft.
 
1916 31 - Improvements - The Wenona Coal Company, Wenona, Marshall County, installed a new high speed fan at the mine and considerable work in cleaning air courses has been done. The ventilation is much improved at this mine.
 
1925 40 - Mines Not Operated : Wenona Coal Company.

Williams Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Williams Coal Mine   Williams Coal Company   1923 - 1924
Williams Coal Mine   William "Willie" Williams   1924 - 1927
1934
[Sources - Nos. 39, 40, 41, 42, 49 ]

Wilson Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Township 13 North, Range 9 East, Section 35, SE SE SE
A Shaft Mine
Mine Name Operated By Years
Wilson Coal Mine   Wilson Brothers Coal Company   1950 - 1951
The last production was reported in March 1951.
[Source - No. 1 Index #6057 ]
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - near Lacon
A Surface (Strip) Mine
Mine Name Operated By Years
Wilson Coal Mine   Wilson Brothers Coal Company   1949 - 1950
[Source - No. 1 ]

Winesburger Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Chillicothe
A Drift Mine with a coal seam of 3 feet 8 inches in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Winesburger Coal Mine   Jasper Winesburger   1904 - 1906
[Sources - Nos. 20, 21 ]
Spelling variation = "Winesberger"

Wolgemuth & Lindsley Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland - Township 12 North, Range 9 East, Section 23, NW SE NW
A Drift Mine with an averae coal seam of 3 feet to 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Hydraulic Press Brick Coal Mine   Hydraulic Press Brick Company   1924 - 1926
Hydraulic Press Brick Coal Mine   Hy Tex Brick Company   1927
Hydraulic Press Brick Coal Mine   Hydraulic Press Brick Company   1928
Hydraulic Press Brick Coal Mine   Hy Tex Brick Company   1929
Reed Coal Mine   Art Reed & Brothers   1930 - 1937
Krantz & Bevar Coal Mine   Krantz & Bevar   1938 - 1939
Liberty Coal Mine   Liberty Coal Company   1939 - 1940
Wolgemuth & Lindsley Coal Mine   Frank Wolgemuth   1941 - 1942
The last production was reported in 1942.
[Sources - Nos. 1 Index #2857, 40 through 44, 49, 50, 51, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57 ]

Wright Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Wright Coal Mine No. 1   Cyrus Wright   1889 - 1890
1893 - 1894
1900 - 1901
1902 - 1903
[Sources - Nos. 7, 9, 16, 18 ]

Young Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Marshall County - Sparland
Mine Name Operated By Years
Young Coal Mine   James Young   1934
[Source - No. 49 ]

Coal & Coal Mining in Illinois
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