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Illinois
Coal & Coal Mining
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Marshall County, Illinois

Featuring Coal Mining
 
      Marshall County is a county located in the northern part of the State of Illinois.
            41.03° N, 89.34° W
The population in 2000 was 13,180, and in 2010 the population was 12,640.
The county seat is Lacon.
      Marshall County was formed in 1839 out of Putnam County, and was named in honor of John Marshall, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
 
      Marshall County has twelve townships:
            Bell Plain, Bennington, Evans, Henry, Hopewell, Lacon, La Prairie, Richland, Roberts, Saratoga, Steuben, Whitefield
 
      Some of the Cities, Villages and communities are :
            Camp Grove, Evans, Henry, Hopewell, Hopewell Estates, La Rose, Lacon, La Prairie Center, Lawn Ridge, Leeds, Pattonsburg, Saratoga Center, Sparland, Toluca, Varna, Washburn, Wenona, Wilbern
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History Coal Mines
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Reference Sources
Fatalities
  Non-Fatal Casualties

 
Marshall County, Illinois Coal Mining History
Excerpt from : Past and Present of Marshall and Putnam Counties Illinois 1907 2
Steuben Township.
Steuben township is called on the government maps Town 12 N., R. 9, E. of the 4 P. M. It lies along the western bank of the Illinois river and contains twenty-seven full sections and six fractional ones, but only a few acres are cut off from sections 1 and 23, while but small bits of sections 24 and 35 are out of water.
      But while it is true that the bluffs along the river are not well suited to farming they are rich in other things which more than offset the advantage that other townships have over it in that respect, for in the bluff is found a very fair quality of bituminous coal which crops, out at the side of the bluffs and is easily mined with little or no preliminary expense. This coal has been mined in this way for more than half a century and thousands of tons have been taken out and sold to the neighboring farmers and for factory use. It has excellent heating qualities but leaves considerable cinders and ashes. About twenty years ago a shaft was sunk down to the third vein, as it is called, and the product is the equal of other Illinois coal.
      There is a regular mine from which the coal is taken from what is called the third vein, being two and three hundred feet under the surface. The mine, or shaft as it is called, gives employment to about one hundred men. There are many other mines of the drift order. Some of these employ several men and some only one or two. The coal from the shaft is much superior to the drift coal, not containing near the amount of ashes and cinders.
      Several of the more enterprising men formed a company for the purpose of taking the coal from the drift banks in large quantities, shipping it to Chicago and selling it. Land was purchased at a high price in Chicago for a coal yard and a large amount of coal was shipped there, but after a year's trial it was found that the coal could not compete with the Streator shaft coal, which then sold at the same price, and the project was abandoned with considerable loss to those who had promoted it.
      Two and a half miles below Sparland, about the same time a company came and made preparations to mine coal upon a large scale. They built quite a number of houses and made preparations to, and did for awhile, employ from two hundred to two hundred and fifty men. They named the place Grantville and expected to found a large, thriving town there. But after expending thousands of dollars they were forced to abandon it, as they could not sell the coal. The houses were left till they went to decay, several blew down and all have gone to destruction.
      A company from Rock Island a few years later also made extensive preparations for mining coal two miles above Sparland but found the same trouble and were forced to abandon it.
      Although the drift coal has not proved a success from a commercial standpoint, thousands of tons of it have been consumed by the people of the neighborhood, and it has given employment to hundreds of men all along the bluff. The shaft, or mine, coal of Sparland is equal to any of the Illinois coal and stands high in the market.
      Although these coal ventures were disastrous to those that were promoting them they were a grand thing for Sparland. They employed many men to whom large sums of money were paid and that money was mostly spent in Sparland.
 
Bennington Township
      This township, the youngest of the Marshall county townships, is geographically described as Town 29 N, R. 1, E. of the 3d P. M. It is situated in the southeast corner of Marshall county and contains thirty-six full sections.
      On the Santa Fe Railroad, in the corner of the southeast quarter of section 5, was located a station, and named Toluca.
      Charles J. Devlin, who had been the managing head of the opening of the Spring Valley coal mines, turned his attention to Toluca, where a former prospecting had developed the fact that there practicable coal mines could be developed. Mr. Devlin, who was a wonderfully energetic man, began the work of sinking the shaft and putting up the necessary buildings. The work progressed rapidly, and in a few months coal was brought to the surface, and as fast as room could be made for them men were put in to dig it out, and since that the mines have been actively at work and Toluca has grown from a village of one hundred or so inhabitants to a city of between five and six thousand, with the churches, stores, two newspapers and other things that are generally found in cities of the size and style.
      Besides the Americans and Italians there is a sprinkling of Poles, Lithuanians and other races employed in and around the mines, the number of men employed averaging about 800, the output of the mines in 1905 being 379,974 tons, valued at $450,104. of which 323,469 tons were loaded on cars for shipment. The price for mining that is, the price paid to men as wages is about seventy five cents a ton, which would make in the gross amount of wages paid in a year $275,000, or about $23,000 a month.
      There is, we understand, to be some litigation over the Toluca mines. For several years they have gone under the name of the Devlin Coal Company, but were originally in the name of Charles J. Devlin, and there is no record of the mines ever being transferred from Devlin to the coal company. It may be said here that Mr. Devlin owned nearly all the stock of the company, others holding only enough so they could act as directors and officers. The legal question is whether a mortgage given by the Devlin Coal Company is good when the property has never been transferred to them.
 
Marshall County As It Is.
      There is but little if any doubt but that the whole of Marshall county, with the exception of the small Henry prairie, about two miles wide and five miles long, is underlaid with several beds of excellent coal. Already Marshall county, small as it is, ranks eighteenth in the coal producing counties of the state, of which there are forty-two. The output for shipping last year (1905) was 503,776 tons, valued at $666,686, from the three mines of Toluca, Wenona and Sparland, while the local banks are credited with seventy-one hundred and ninety-two tons, valued at $10,999, mostly consumed in the county. There are no mines down to the third vein coal west of the river except at Sparland, and there are grand possibilities yet in the large prairies that compose the four townships on that side, for the coal lays there in inexhaustible quantities as the Creator laid it ages ago.
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Excerpt from : Third Biennial Report, Bureau of Labor Statistics of Illinois, 1884 4
Marshall County - Wenona.
      The principal mine in this county is located at Wenona, on the Illinois Central railroad, and is operated by the Wenona Coal Company. The mine is comparatively new. It went into operation in the summer of 1883. Seam No. 2 of the Illinois section, 2 feet and 8 inches in thickness, was reached at a depth of 555 feet from the surface. The coal is raised by a pair of 185-horse-power engines, working on first motion. The cylinders are 13 inches in diameter and 4 feet long ; diameter of the drum 5 feet ; the cage speed when hoisting coal is about 1,150 feet per minute. The steam is supplied from a battery of four cylindrical boilers, 42 inches in diameter and 24 feet long. The coal is mined on the long-wall system. The present out-put is about 100 tons per day. This will be increased as the working face is extended until an out-put of about 500 tons per day is reached, which will probably be the maximum capacity of the mine. The only ventilating apparatus used at present is the exhaust from a steam pump at the shaft bottom, which, at best, is very unsatisfactory. The sinking of an escapement shaft, 8 feet by 5, was commenced May 1, 1884, and will be continued until completed, which will probably be in December, 1884, or early in January, 1885. Then a ventilating fan will be added to make the equipment complete. The mine is supplied with a steam fire-pump and hose capable of throwing a stream of water onto the tower in case of fire.

Marshall County, Illinois
Coal Mine Fatalities
ANDERSON
November 29, 190824 , John Anderson, of Toluca, aged 33 years, married, employed at the Devlin Coal Company mine No. 2, as fireman and while attending to the generator he came in contact with the machinery or wire while the same was in motion, receiving a shock of electricity causing his death. He leaves a widow and one child.
 
BAGGS
November 24, 190622, Albert Baggs of Sparland, miner, aged 23 years, single, employed in the Barr Coal Company's mine, Sparland, Marshall county, was fatally injured by a premature explosion. He was preparing a shot and had placed several charges of powder in the hole and was pushing the powder back with an iron scraper, the powder was ignited by a spark produced by the scraper coming in contact with sulphur spars on the ides of the drill hole.
 
BASILE
January 18, 192439, Mariano Basile, of Toluca, machine man, age 31 years, married,was killed in Toluca Coal Company's mine. Deceased was trying to set a prop when he slipped and fell onto the cutter bar of the machine, which was in motion. He leaves a widow and four children.
 
BELL
March 6, 18949, Miles Bell, of Toluca, pit-boss, aged 32 years, married, employed by the Devlin Coal Company, at its No. 3 mine, Toluca, Marshall county, met with an accident which proved fatal. The deceased and two miners were the only men in the mine at the time; Bell had lighted two shots in the west entry of the mine, and had gone into the south entry; one of the shots went off, and as he was returning to the west entry the other shot exploded; coal from the latter shot struck him, breaking both arms and seriously injuring the right side of his head, he died March 8, two days after the accident. He left a widow and two children.
 
BLOCK
August 30, 192238, Emil Block, of Wenona, miner, age 62 years, married, was killed in the Wenona Coal Company's mine by being caught between the car and coal rib. He leaves a widow.
 
CONVERSO
January 2, 189914, Joseph Converso, of Toluca, a miner, aged 43 years, married, family supposed to be in Italy, was severely crushed about the head and body by being run over by a mule and two loaded pit cars in shaft No. 1, operated by the Devlin Coal Company, at Toluca, Marshall county. Deceased, in company with two other miners, were coming from the working face to the shaft, a driver with two loaded pit ears was coming down the entry behind them, the driver whistled for them to get off the track. Two of them did so, stepping to one side to let the cars pass. Deceased kept on, however, expecting, it is thought, to reach an opening to another entry a short distance ahead of him, when his light suddenly went out, he turned around in front of the mule and threw up his hands; the mule became frightened and jumped forward, knocking deceased down and dragging the two loaded pit cars over him. He died from his injuries 30 hours after the accident.
 
COPPIN
On June 6, 189611, at Wenona Coal Co.'s mine at Wenona, John Coppin, of Wenona, driver, aged 25, unmarried, was fatally injured while attending to his duties in the above mine. Deceased, along with another driver named Geo. Bowers, had just started in from the engine plane "parting" with a trip of empty cars each. They had got about 75 feet inside of the above named 'parting' and were met by a train of loaded cars 25 in all that had run away from another 'parting' on top of a hill about 450 feet from the end of the engine plane. Deceased was so seriously injured that he never regained consciousness. He died on the 10th, four days after the accident. The 'parting' from which the loaded cars started is located on the top of a hill and a 'block' is used to prevent cars from running away, but it was not the especial duty of anyone to see that this 'block' was properly adjusted so as to hold the loads, and from the evidence obtained it seems the first one of the inside drivers that came to this 'parting' with a trip after the outside drivers had left was supposed to run ahead and adjust the 'block.' In this instance the driver, Mr. John Young, testified that he came into the 'parting' with a trip of four loaded cars followed closely by another driver with a loaded trip. He said that on bumping the loads that were already standing on the 'parting' he ran ahead to put in the 'block' but lost his light and while returning to get a light the train of loaded cars had started past the 'block' and down the hill crashing into the drivers who were coming in with empty trip. Such an accident as this can be clearly attributed to the desire of the management to run the mines at the lowest cost and without regard to the lives of their employees, as in this mine a competent man ought to have been in charge of that 'parting' and 'block.'
 
COUSHMAN
November 22, 189814, Andrew Coushman, of Toluca, a cager, aged 21 years, single, was killed instantly by being caught between the cage and side of the shaft, in shaft No. 1, operated by the Devlin Coal company, at Toluca, Marshall county. Deceased was employed as bottom cager. He had sent all the miners up, it being just after quitting time; himself and three company men were on the shaft bottom, ready to come up; deceased gave the proper signals and got the return signal back, the three company men got on the cage, deceased gave the final or starting bell and got on the cage also. When about 25 feet up the shaft he leaned too far out and was caught by a bunton in the northeast corner of the south cage-way, and drawn from the cage, falling back to the bottom of the shaft. When taken up he was dead, his jaw and neck being broken.
 
DUNLAP
November 25, 18845. Alexander Dunlap, a miner, aged 21 years; single; was killed by falling down a shaft which was being sunk by James Thompson, near Henry, Marshall county. Deceased was engaged as top-man, and the sinkers -- two in number -- had just fired a blast in the bottom, and were waiting in a shanty near the shaft until the powder smoke should clear away. Dunlap went onto the pit-head to arrange the bucket in which the loose dirt was hoisted from the bottom of the shaft. Through some means he stumbled and fell to the bottom, a distance of forty feet. When taken out he was unconscious and died shortly after.
 
EGLETON
December 16, 192137, Anton Egleton, of Toluca, driver, age 34 years, married, was killed by pit cars in Toluca Coal Company's mine. He leaves a widow.
 
EVANS
December 20, 191127, John E. Evans, of Sparland, track layer, aged 47 years, married, was repairing tracks in the Illinois Valley Coal Co.'s mine No. 2, Sparland, Marshall County, when a large piece of slate fell, killing him instantly. He leaves a widow and two children.
 
GREEN
January 4, 191328, William Green, of Wenona, laborer, aged 32 years, single, was killed by pit cars in the Wenona Coal Company's No. 1 mine, Wenona, Marshall County.
 
GRIFFITHS
February 18, 192641, Albert Griffiths, of Sparland, miner, age 44 years, single, was killed by a fall of rock in Robert H. Ingram Coal Mine, Sparland, Marshall County.
 
HOGE
January 18, 1905. Mathias Hoge, of Wenona, miner, aged fifty years, widower, was severely crushed by a fall of roof at the face of his working room, in the Wenona Coal Company's mine. Wenona, Marshall county. Deceased with his partner was at work in a room and had passed through a fault, which had destroyed the uniformity of the roof, and left it in a loose, broken and dangerous condition. A large mass of the roof suddenly fell without warning, crushing him underneath. The weight of the mass was about one and one-half tons; he died about thirty minutes after the accident. He is reported to have five children in Austria.
 
JARRARD
September 9, 194156, Charles Jarrared, of Sparland, road cleaner, aged 43 years, married, was killed when rock fell from the roof in Wren & Jury's mine. He leaves a widow.
 
JOHNSON
November 6, 189410, the body of Charles Johnson, of Streator, was found about 11 o'clock p. m. at the bottom of the Wenona Coal Company's shaft by men that were working at night. The body was horribly mangled, showing that it had fallen down the shaft, which is 555 feet deep. He was a single man, aged 33 years. It is said that he had been seen in Streator on the 6th of November. 1894, and had mined coal in Streator last winter, but on account of cancer on the nose he had not worked of late. The verdict of the coroner's jury was that he came to his death by unknown means, supposed to be suicide.
 
JOHNSON
December 15, 193651, Dale Eugene Johnson, of Sparland, aged 16 years, visitor, was killed by a fall of rock in Wilkins & Johnson mine.
 
KASTILLIC
July 24, 190723 , Gateus Kastillic, of Toluca, aged 46 years, married, top laborer, was killed at the Devlin Coal Company's mine, located at Toluca, Marshall county. Deceased was riding between two railroad cars and in some manner fell from the cars, the latter car running over him, causing his death. He leaves a widow and four children.
 
KELLEY
April 27, 191833, Thomas Kelley, of Sparland, miner, age 60 years, married, died from burns received by an explosion of powder in Star Coal Company's mine. No. 3, Sparland, Marshall County. Deceased was taking powder out of keg when his lamp fell off his cap, and ignited the powder. He lived five days after the accident.
 
KOLA
January 3, 192338, Paul Kola, of Toluca, miner, age 20 years, single, was killed in Toluca Coal Company's mine. Deceased was driving extra that day and was found under a loaded car, dead. As there was nothing to indicate that he had been killed by a fall it is supposed that the mule kicked him and he fell in front of the car and the mule pulled the car onto him.
 
KROFCHALKE
November 25, 191026, Andrew Krofchalke, of Wenona, miner, aged 65 years, married, was injured in the mine of the Wenona Coal Company, Wenona, Marshall county, and died next day. Deceased and nine other men were in a pit car drawn by a mule, coming out after the day's work was done. One of the men jumped out of the car and struck the mule which caused him to run. The car jumped off the track, turning over on its side and throwing all the men out. The injury to Mr. Krofchalke was not considered serious by the doctor in attendance. In the testimony given by the doctor he says: "I do not know cause of death; from appearance of wounds and injuries l would not think they caused death." He leaves a widow.
 
LUCAS
December 18, 189612. Andrew Lucas, of Toluca, a miner, aged 30 years, single, was killed instantly by a fall of roof at the face of his working room in the upper seam in the Devlin Coal Company's mine No. 1, at Toluca, Marshall county. Deceased was working alone. When found, his body was under a large mass of roof, and he is supposed to have been dead five or six hours.
 
MARLAND
January 2, 190722, John Marland, of Wenona, mine manager, aged 60 years, married, employed at the No. 1 mine of the Wenona Coal Company, Wenona, Marshall county, was fatally injured. He was in the vicinity of the mule stables on the main haulage, the mule which worked at the bottom of the shaft became unruly, and kicked the tail chain attached to the harness causing it to wrap around Mr. Marland's leg and over the haulage rope, which was moving; the mule started to pulll when his leg was caught between the haulage rope, lacerating the flesh on the under side of the knee and breaking the bones in two or three places. He was taken to his home and the leg amputated, between nine and ten o'clock the following day. He died the evening of January 4, 1907 leaving a widow and four children.
 
October 30, 191228, William Marland, of Sparland, mine examiner, aged 57 years, married, was killed by coming in contact with an electric wire in the No. 1 mine of the Illinois Valley Coal Co., Sparland, Marshall County. He leaves a widow and six children.
 
MARSILI
October 8, 1918, Fulvio Marsili, of Toluca, miner, age 23 years, single, was killed in the Toluca Coal Company's mine, Toluca, by a fall of rock. From the evidence it seems that this accident was avoidable, as the deceased knew the roof was in a dangerous condition.
 
MASSERDELLI
August 11, 190016, Sylvester Masserdelli, of Toluca, miner, aged 42 years, married, leaves a family in Italy, was found dead at the face of his working room in the Devlin Coal Company's shaft No. 2, (middle seam) at Toluca, Marshall county. Deceased was working alone in a room driven in about 45 feet from the entry, he had fired a blast a little after 3:00 o'clock p. m., quitting time; he came to the end of his room on the entry, put on his clothes and made every preparation apparently for going home; but, being a little anxious to know what his shot had done, he went back to the face of the room and was evidently overcome by the powder smoke and could not get back again. He was missed at his boarding house, and a searching party organized. He was found at the face of the room dead, about 5:00 o'clock, nearly two hours after he fired the blast. It became quite generally known after the inquest that he was subject to heart trouble, and it is very probable that this was the prime factor that caused his death.
 
McCALL
April 24, 1919, Thomas McCall, of Toluca, trapper, age 72 years, married, died from injuries received April 5, 1919, in Toluca Coal Company's mine, Toluca. Deceased was standing at the switch when a trip of empty cars passed, one of which jumped the track and knocked out a set of props allowing rock to fall striking him on the head.
 
McCANN
June 6, 18844, John McCann, a pusher, aged 34 years; married; leaves a widow and one child; was instantly killed by a fall of roof, on the main entry running east, at the inside end of the shaft parting, about sixty feet from the bottom of the shaft operated by the Wenona Coal Company, located at Wenona, Marshall county. The shaft parting had been timbered securely, to the point where the accident occurred, to a height of seven feet, and at that point an offset less than five feet in height was left untimbered. The roof had been examined some time before the accident, and was found solid and considered safe. This mine is worked by the long-wall system. In opening out the mine, instead of leaving shaft-pillars, all the coal is removed from around the bottom of the shaft, and a continual "pinching'' and ''squeezing" is taking place in consequence. By this squeezing, the rock became loose and fell. Had the customary precautions been taken, and the entry been securely timbered, this accident would not have occurred.
 
MILANI
November 15, 191531, Emil Milani, Of Toluca, miner, aged 39 years, married, received injuries in the Toluca Coal Company's mine, Toluca, Marshall County, from which he died about 12 hours later. Deceased was loading coal when a piece of rock fell on him. He leaves a widow and six children.
 
MINESCIO
January 24, 191227, Joe Minescio, of Wenona, miner, aged 20 years, single, was killed by a fall of rock at his working place in the Wenona Coal Co.'s mine, Wenona, Marshall County.
 
MORRIS
February 6, 192237, John Morris, of Wenona, cager, age 52 years, single, was killed in Wenona Coal Company's mine. Deceased was working at the bottom of the shaft when a car, falling down the shaft, struck the bottom a wheel flew off and hit him on the back of the head, killing him instantly.
 
PARLICK / PARLICH
March 23, 192237, John Parlick, of Flora, miner, age 43 years, married', was killed by a fall of rock in Toluca Coal Company's mine. He leaves a widow and six children.
 
RIVERS
December 30, 189410, Tuefel Rivers, of Toluca, miner, aged 27 years, married, was killed instantly by a fall of slate in the Devlin Coal Company's No. 1 mine at Toluca, Marshall county. He, in company with his "buddy," had gone into the mine on Sunday evening to work off a standing shot that they had fired on Saturday evening in order to have some loose coal for Monday morning. They had worked off nearly all the coal to the powder break, and deceased was in the act of mining the last part of the shot at which point in the shaft two treacherous slips met, one running across the room and the other along the pillar. The rock that fell on him was 18 inches thick in the thickest part, and about 12 inches in the thin part, and reached nearly across the room, which is 18 feet wide. It would probably weigh from 10 to 12 tons, and it had to be broken before the body could be taken out. The props were back about ten feet from coal face. Frank Smith, the man who was working with deceased, testified at the inquest that they knew of the slip running across the room, and that they had props in their room that were not in use but did not set them up, because they did not think there was any danger, or, "that they did not consider the rock dangerous." The accident was due to their own negligence or inexperience as coal miners. Such an accident as this should serve as a warning to all coal miners, to be more careful and keep props set close up to the face of coal when they encounter slips in the roof. Rivers left a widow and one child.
 
ROGERS
March 30, 189813, John Rogers, of Wenona, trip-rider, aged 34 years, married, leaves a widow and three children, was severely crushed by being caught under an empty pit-car in the Wenona mine, located at Wenona, in Marshall county. Deceased was engaged as trip-rider; his duty was to accompany the trip on the engine plane from the shaft to the inside partings and out again. He was making what is termed a flying switch on the sixth north parting. He was riding in the first empty car, and had detached the "dog" or "preserver" from the trip, which was running rapidly. In throwing the rope from in front of the trip he leaned too far forward, causing the front car to tip up, and becoming uncoupled from the second car, it went clear over, upside down, with Rogers under it, bruising him internally. He died from hemorrhage two hours after the accident.
 
RYDER
June 7, 190015, John Ryder, of Toluca, a driver, aged 28 years, married, leaves a widow and two children, was severely crushed about the head and body by being caught under a loaded pit-car, in the Devlin Coal Company's shaft No. 2, (middle vein) Toluca, Marshall county. He died about two hours after the accident. Deceased was driving a mule, pulling a pit-car loaded with rock from the inside workings; when he reached the latches at the inner end of the shaft parting, the car took the wrong road, running into the empty track. It is supposed he jumped off of the car to stop it, and stumbled and fell, and that the mule pulled the car on top of him; he was under the car and unconscious when found.
 
SALVATORE
January 17, 192743, Carlo Salvatore, of Toluca, miner, age 55 years, married, died from injuries received three days earlier, when caught by falling rock, in W. G. Sutton Coal Company's mine. [Minonk Coal Mine No. 2, Minonk, Woodford County] He leaves a widow.
 
SENCH / SEUCH
August 4, 191935, Leo Sench, of Toluca, miner, age 28 years, married, was killed by a fall of rock in Toluca Coal Company's mine, Toluca. He leaves a widow and four children.
 
SMITH
June 13, 1919, James Smith, of Wenona, miner, age 37 years, married, died from injuries received May 31, 1919, in Wenona Coal Company's mine, Wenona, by a fall of rock. He leaves a widow and five children.
 
THALRANT
September 13, 190723 , S. Thalrant, of Toluca, driver, aged 19 years, was killed by a pit car.
 
THOMAS
October 6, 189915, Michael Thomas, of Wenona, miner, single, aged 24 years, was severely crushed about the body by a fall, of roof at the face of his working room, in the Wenona Coal Company's mine, Wenona, Marshall county. He died three hours after the accident, from the injuries sustained. The rock, or mass of roof, that caused this accident, would weigh about one ton, it was round in shape, about 6 feet in diameter, and about 10 inches thick at the center, being quite thin at the edges. It was at the road-head. Thomas was in the act of loading a car with coal when the mass fell. The rock had evidently been loosened by a blast in the brushing, fired the evening previous, and deceased had been careless in not taking it down.
 
URANCHICK / URANCHICH
Oct. 10, 190016, Anton Uranchick, of Wenona, driver, aged 28 years, married, leaves a widow and one child in Austria, was killed instantly by a fall of roof on the 16th south entry, in the Wenona Coal company's mine, Wenona, Marshall county. Deceased was hauling a loaded pit car through a part of the entry where a new parting or side track was being built, when a large mass of roof that would weigh about three tons suddenly fell, crushing him under it. The rock that fell was supported by a prop, but it was supposed that the rock cut loose on the fastened side, and swung the prop just at the time that he was passing under it.
 
VANICK
December 3, 18939. William Vanick, of Toluca, water-bailer, aged 44 years, was fatally injured in a well being sunk by the Devlin Coal Co., at Toluca, Marshall county. He had gone down in the well to bail out the water so the sinkers could begin working early the next morning. After being down a short time his light went out, when he got into a bucket and signaled the engineer to hoist him to the surface, being in the dark and probably not thinking of the traveler that came down on the guides within a few feet of the bottom, it is supposed that he was standing in the bucket and when being hoisted came in contact with the traveler and was knocked from the bucket falling to the bottom of the well. He died December 8, 1893, five days after the accident, leaving a widow and five children.
 
WILLIAMSON
December 24, 189410, John Williamson, of Toluca, an orphan boy 14 years of age, employed as slate-picker by the Devlin Coal Company at No. 1 shaft, Toluca, Marshall county, was killed by being caught in the elevator gear near the top of the tower. His place of work was at the bottom of the revolving screen, but for some unknown cause he had gone up to the top of the elevator and accidentally got caught in between two cog-wheels that ran in vertical and horizontal directions. His leg and part of his body had been badly crushed by the time the engine was stopped, which was done as soon as possible after the alarm was given. It took about three-quarters of an hour to extricate him from the gearing, and he died in a few minutes afterwards.
 
WINTERS
January 11, 192439, John Winters, of Henry, miner, age 32 years, single, was killed by a fall of rock in the John Pearson mine located at Henry, Marshall County. He leaves his mother dependent.
 

Marshall County, Illinois
Non-Fatal Casualties

July 1, 1923 - June 30, 1924 & July 1, 1925 - December 31, 1925
AIMON, Christie age 21 years, Single, of Toluca
9 Oct 1923 - Finger injured, falling rock - Time lost - 60 days
 
BATTISTELLI, Joe age 66 years, Single, of Toluca
9 Apr 1924 - Toe broken, falling rock - Time lost - 35 days
 
BERTUSI, Silverio age 41 years, Married with 2 children; 3 dependents, of Toluca
12 Jan 1924 - Hand broken, falling rock - Time lost - 46 days
 
CALVETTI, Anton age 49 years, Married with 2 children; 3 dependents, of Toluca
27 Feb 1924 - Back injured, lifting car - Time lost - 56 days
 
CINOTTI, John age 22 years, Single, of Toluca
25 Oct 1923 - Finger injured, machine - Time lost - 30 days
 
Di BARTOLAMEO, Nick age 43 years, Married with 1 dependent, of Toluca
6 Dec 1923 - Shoulder injured, pit car - Time lost - 70 days
 
DiFIORI, Pasquali age 41 years, Married with 3 children; 4 dependents, of Toluca
6 Nov 1923 - Arm broken - Time lost - 72 days
 
DINOLFO, Phillip age 26 years, Married with 1 dependent, of Toluca
22 Nov 1923 - Back injured, falling rock - Time lost - 34 days
 
GABRICK, John age 20 years, Married with 1 dependent, of Toluca
1 Nov 1923 - Hand broken, pit car - Time lost - 38 days
 
GREGOVICH, Paul age 25 years, Married with 1 dependent, of Weona
27 Feb 1924 - Foot injured, switch latch - Time lost - 60 days
 
KEENGER, Jake age 53 years, Married with 4 children; 5 dependents, of Weona
S 10 Mar 1924 - houlder injured, falling rock - Not returned to work
 
LESNOK, Adolph age 22 years, Married with 1 dependent, of Weona
11 Oct 1923 - Toe broken, falling rock - Time lost - 43 days
 
NADLER, Louis age 33 years, Married with 3 children; 4 dependents, of Weona
11 Dec 1923 - Finger broken, pit car - Time lost - 31 days
 
PASOVICH, F. age 40 years, Married with 1 dependent, of Weona
26 May 1924 - Back injured, lifting rail - Not returned to work
 
PASTA, Angelo age 49 years, Married with 2 children; 3 dependents, of Toluca
30 Oct 1923 - Finger broken - Time lost - 62 days
 
PERINO, Andrew age 41 years, Married with 3 children; 4 dependents, of Toluca
12 Nov 1923 - Ankle broken, falling coal - Time lost - 128 days
 
POZZI, Carmi age 55 years, Married with 1 dependent, of Toluca
15 Mar 1924 - Arm injured, falling prop - Time lost - 38 days
 
RICCA, Thomas age 26 years, Married with 3 children; 4 dependents, of Toluca
9 Feb 1924 - Ruptured, lifting coal - Time lost - 84 days
 
SALVATORI, Carlo age 55 years, Married with 1 child; 2 dependents, of Toluca
28 Jan 1924 - Ruptured, lifting car - Time lost - 77 days
 
SAUTI, Mike age 59 years, Married with 2 children; 3 dependents, of Toluca
13 Dec 1923 - Eye injured, flying coal - Time lost - 39 days
 
STEMAR, Joseph age 5- years, Married with 3 children; 4 dependents, of Toluca
28 Sep 1923 - Leg injured, pit car - Time lost - 63 days
 
TARRO, D. age 29 years, Single, of Weona
7 May 1924 - Finger injured, machine bar - Time lost - 36 days
 
TURK, J. age 48 years, Married with 2 children; 3 dependents, of Weona
11 Mar 1924 - Foot injured, falling coal - Time lost - 81 days
 
WELLS, S. L. age 53 years, Married with 1 dependent, of Toluca
4 Dec 1923 - Wrist broken, fell off ladder - Time lost - 43 days
 
ZENONI, Bartolo age 40 years, Married with 2 children; 3 dependents, of Toluca
8 Dec 1923 - Hand broken, falling rock - Time lost - 37 days
 

 
Sources :
1 Coal Mines in Illinois, Marshall County
                Illinois State Geological Survey, 615 East Peabody Drive, Champaign, IL. 61820

2 Past and Present of Marshall and Putnam Counties Illinois
                By John Spencer Burt and W. E. Hawthorne; Chicago; The Pioneer Publishing Company; 1907

3 Statistics of Coal Production in Illinois, 1883,
                A Supplemental Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics,
                by John S Lord, Secretary; Springfield, ILL: H. W. Rokker, Printer and Binder; 1883

4 Third Biennial Report, Bureau of Labor Statistics of Illinois, 1884
                Springfield, ILL; H. W. Roker, State Printer and Binder, 1884

5 Statistics of Coal In Illinois 1885 -- A Supplemental Report; State Bureau of Labor Statistics
                Reports of Mine Inspectors; For the Year Ended July1, 1885
                Springfield, ILL; H. W. Roker, State Printer and Binder, 1885

6 Statistics of Coal in Illinois, 1887
                A Supplemental Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics
                Springfield, ILL.; H. W. Rokker, State Printer and Binder, 1887

7 Sixth Biennial Report of the Bureau of Labor Statistics of Illinois, 1890
                Springfield, ILL.; H. W. Rokker, State Printer and Binder, 1891

8 Statistics of Coal In Illinois 1893
                Twelveth Annual Report - Springfield, ILL.; H. W. Rokker, State Printer and Binder, 1894

9 Statistics of Coal In Illinois 1894
                Thirteenth Annual Report - Springfield, ILL.; Ed. F. Hartman, State Printer, 1895

10 Statistics of Coal In Illinois 1895
                Fourteenth Annual Report - Springfield, ILL.; ED. F. Hartman, State Printer, 1896

11 Fifteenth Annual Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1896
                Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1897

12 Sixteenth Annual Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1897
                Coal in Illinois - Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1898

13 Seventeenth Annual Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1898
                Coal in Illinois - Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1899

14 Eighteenth Annual Report Prepared by the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1899
                Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1899

15 Nineteenth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1900,
                also the Second Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1900, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1901

16 Twentieth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1901
                also the Third Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1901, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1902

17 Twenty-first Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1902
                also the Fourth Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1902, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1903

18 Twenty-second Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1903
                also the Fifth Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1903, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1904

19 Twenty-third Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1904
                also the Sixth Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1904, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, Illinois State Journal, State Printers, 1905

20 Twenty-Fourth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1905
                also the Seventh Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                September 30, 1905, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, Illinois State Journal, State Printers, 1906

21 Twenty-Fifth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1906
                also the Eighth Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                September 30, 1906, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1907

22 Twenty-Sixth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1907
                also the Ninth Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                September 30, 1907, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1908

23 Twenty-Seventh Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1908
                Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1909

24 Twenty-Eighth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1909
                Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1910

25 Twenty-Ninth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1910
                Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1911

26 Thirtieth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1911
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1912

27 Thirty-First Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1912
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1913

28 Thirty-Second Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1913
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1914

29 Thirty-Third Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1914
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1914

30 Thirty-Fourth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1915
                State Mining Board -- Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers, 1915

31 Thirty-Fifth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1916
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, ILL.; Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers 1916

32 Twenty-Sixth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1917
                Department of Mines and Minerals; Year Ended June 30, 1917
                Printed by authority of the State of Illinois; Springfield: Illinois State Journal, State Printers, 1917

33 Thirty-Seventh Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1918
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Springfield, ILL.; Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers 1918

34 Thirty-Eighth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1919
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Springfield, ILL.; Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers 1919

35 Thirty-Ninth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1920
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Springfield, ILL.; Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers 1920

36 Fortieth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1921
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Phillips Bros. Print, Springfield, Illinois; 1921

37 Forty-First Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1922
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1922

38 Forty-Second Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1923
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1923

39 Forty-Third Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1924
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1924

40 Forty-Fifth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1925
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois State Journal Co., Springfield, Illinois., 1926

41 Forty-Sixth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1926
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1927

42 Forty-Sixth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1927
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1928

43 Forty-Seventh Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1928
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1929

44 Forty-Eighth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1929
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Journal Printing Co., Springfield, ILL., 1930

45 Forty-Ninth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1930
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1931

46 Fiftieth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1931
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1932

47 Fifty-First Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1932
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Journal Printing Co., Springfield, ILL., 1933

48 Fifty-Second Coal Report of Illinois, 1933
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

49 Fifty -Third Coal Report of Illinois, 1934
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

50 Fifty -Fourth Coal Report of Illinois, 1935
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

51 Fifty -Fifth Coal Report of Illinois, 1936
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

52 Fifty -Sixth Coal Report of Illinois, 1937
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

53 Fifty -Seventh Coal Report of Illinois, 1938
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

54 Fifty -Eighth Coal Report of Illinois, 1939
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

55 Fifty -Ninth Coal Report of Illinois, 1940
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

56 Sixtieth Coal Report of Illinois, 1941
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

57Sixty First Coal Report of Illinois, 1942
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

58 Sixty Second Coal Report of Illinois, 1943
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

59 Sixty Third Coal Report of Illinois, 1944
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

60Sixty Fourth Coal Report of Illinois, 1945
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

61 Sixty Fifth Coal Report of Illinois, 1946
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois

62 Sixty Sixth Coal Report of Illinois, 1947
                Department of Mines and Minerals -- Printed by authority of the State of Illinois


Coal & Coal Mining in Illinois

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