header
Home | About | Illinois Coal Mining | Contact | Facebook logo
seperator decorative top bar

Illinois
Coal & Coal Mining
History & Genealogy

seperator decorative bottom bar
Jefferson County, Illinois

Featuring Coal Mining
 
      Jefferson County s a county located in the southern part of the state of Illinois.
            38.30° N, 88.92° W
In 2000 the population was 40,045, and in 2010, the population was 38,827.
 
      The county seat of Jefferson County, Illinois is Mt. Vernon.
 
      Jefferson County was organized in 1819, out of parts of White, Edwards and Franklin Counties, and was named in honor of Thomas Jefferson.
 
      Jefferson County has sixteen townships :
            Bald Hill, Blissville, Casner, Dodds, Elk Prairie, Farrington, Field, Grand Prairie, McClellan, Moore's Prairie, Mt. Vernon, Pendleton, Rome, Shiloh, Spring Garden, Webber
 
      Some of the Cities, Towns, Villages and Communities are :
            Bakerville, Belle Rive, Bluford, Bonnie, Boyd, Camp Ground, Centralia (part), Divide, Dix, Drivers, Idlewood, Ina, Marcoe, Marlow, Miller Lake, Mount Vernon, Nason, Opdyke, Roaches, Summersville, Texico, Waltonville, Woodlawn
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
Coal Mines       Fatalities       History       Non-Fatal Casualties       Sources

 
Extract from Wall's History of Jefferson County, Illinois 2
Coal.
      The geological formation of Jefferson county, like those around us, are members of the coal formation. Nearly all over the county is found the same strata traced over in Marion county, a coal seam which varies from six to twenty-four inches in thickness. At a greater depth may be found the coal bed and the sand stone overlaying it, have been traced over a large area of the outcrop of coal, and attains considerable but variable thicknesses. But little limestone crops out in the county and that generally between two bodies of sandstone, of which there is more or less in all parts of the county. Almost anywhere single layers of sandstone of sufficient hardness can be found for building purposes. The coal near the surface in this county is the same as the vein at Central City. Much of this surface coal has been mined and they pronounce it excellent.
      The only drawback is thickness, or rather, the shallowness of the veins. It could not be mined at all but for its closeness to the surface. The question as to whether a lower coal bed of workable thickness has been settled by the sinking and successful working of the Mount Vernon coal shaft for the past fifteen years, although the vein being worked is eight hundred and fifty feet below the surface. The vein is about six feet thick and the coal of a good average quality. The shaft was put down by some enterprising citizens of the town, who as is usually the case received no reimbursement for their expenditures, but they were public benefactors just the same, and will be given due credit in another part of this book. Jefferson county is underlaid with a good workable vein of coal, the only drawback being its great depth, but even that is being overcome by our improved machinery. Coal on top and coal on the bottom, so our people are not likely to run short of fuel for many years, notwithstanding the county is largely bared of its forests. There is some iron ore in this county, but not in quantities to make it valuable for the production of iron.
 
      Mount Vernon has one good coal mine, which furnishes a good article of coal and helps supply the great local demand for fuel, as supply the engines on the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. It was put down by John Gibson and other enterprising citizens now gone, but -- their works do follow them.

Jefferson County, Illinois
Coal Mines

Belle Rive Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jefferson County - Township 3 South, Range 4 East, Section 34
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Belle Rive Coal Mine   Belle Rive Mining Company   1957 -1964
[Source - No. 1, Index 830]

Bube Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jefferson County - Township 3 South, Range 4 East, Section 9
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Bube Coal Mine   Herman Bube   1937 -1946
[Source - No. 1, Index 4248]

Cole Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jefferson County - Township 3 South, Range 4 East, Section 9
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Cole Coal Mine   Walter Cole   1934 -1941
[Source - No. 1, Index 2512]

Eads Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jefferson County - Township 4 South, Range 4 East, Section 9
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Eads Coal Mine   Eads Coal Company   1970 -1974
Eads Coal Mine   Robertsaon & Associates   1974 -1979
[Source - No. 1, Index 917]

Hamson Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jefferson County - Township 3 South, Range 4 East, Section 10
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Hamson Coal Mine   Ed Hamson   1935 -1941
[Source - No. 1, Index 2513]

Mt. Vernon Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jefferson County - Township 2 South, Range 3 East, Section 32
Underground Shaft Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Mt. Vernon Coal Mine   Mt. Vernon Coal Company   1895 -1902
Crouch Coal Mine   J. E. Crouch, Lessee   1902 -1903
Jefferson County Coal Mine   Jefferson County Coal Company   1903 -1907
Imperial Coal Mine   Imperial Coal Company   1907 -1908
Orr Coal Mine No. 1   David C. Orr
Mt. Vernon Coal Company
  1908 -1909
Imperial Coal Mine   Imperial Coal Company   1909 -1910
Watts Coal Mine   T. G. Watts   1910 -1911
Roland Coal Mine   Roland Coal Company   1911 -1912
Mt. Vernon Coal Mine   Mt. Vernon Coal Company   1912 -1916
[Source - No. 1, Index 752]
 
1898 Annual Coal Report 3
Escapement Shafts.
      The Mt. Vernon Coal Company has also completed an escapement shaft which is 850 feet deep.
 
1908 Annual Coal Report 5
Changes of Name
      The Imperial Coal Company of Mt. Vernon, Jefferson county has changed hands and is now known as the Mt. Vernon Coal Company.
 
1912 Annual Coal Report 7
Change of Name.
      The Jefferson County Coal Co., Mt. Vernon, has changed to the Mt. Vernon Coal Company.
Improvements.
      The Mt. Vernon Coal Co., Mt. Vernon, Jefferson County, has bought the mine formerly operated by the Jefferson County Coal Co., and is now making improvements as follows:
      Three new boilers, 46 inches by 18 feet long, made by John Mohr & Son; hoisting engines 18 inches by 30 inches; a steel tipple made by the Illinois Steel Company; a shaker, constructed by the same people, having a perforated section of 176 square feet, and is in two sections, making entire perforated surface of 352 square feet; a smoke stack, made of 1/4-inch iron, is 5 feet in diameter and 100 feet high, and constructed on a concrete foundation 7 by 7 by 8 feet; a fan, Crawford & McCrimmon make, 12 feet in diameter, with forty-eight blades, and propelled by a Crawford & McCrimmon engine, 8 inches by 10 inches. The buildings are to be constructed of brick, which are already on the ground. The boiler room is 48 by 42 feet and has 16-inch walls. The intention is to open the mine on the panel system with electric machines and electric haulage.

Nason Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jefferson County - Township 4 South, Range 2 East, Section 15
Underground Shaft Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Nason Coal Mine No. 10   Illinois Coal Corporation   1924 -1938
Nason Coal Mine No. 20   Consolidated Coal Company of St. Louis   1938 -1951
Nason Coal Mine No. 20   Bell & Zoller Mining Company   1951
[Source - No. 1, Index 447]

Orient Coal Mines
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
Orient Coal Mine No. 3
The legal description lists this as :    Jefferson County - Township 4 South, Range 1 East, Section 11
Underground Slope Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Orient Coal Mine No. 3   Chicago, Williamson & Franklin   1949 -1955
Orient Coal Mine No. 3   Freeman Coal Mining Company   1955 -1979
Orient Coal Mine No. 3   Freeman United Coal Mining Company   1980 -1983
[Source - No. 1, Index 690]
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
Orient Coal Mine No. 6
The legal description lists this as :    Jefferson County - Township 4 South, Range 2 East, Section 7
Underground Shaft Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Orient Coal Mine No. 6   Freeman United Coal Mining Company   1967 -1997
[Source - No. 1, Index 885]

Rend Lake Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jefferson County - Township 4 South, Range 2 East, Section 30
Underground Shaft Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Inland Steel Coal Mine No. 1   Inland Steel   1966 -1986
Rend Lake Coal Mine No. 1   Consolidation Coal Company   1986 -2002
[Source - No. 1, Index 877]

Robertson Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jefferson County - Township 4 South, Range 4 East, Section 3
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Scrivner Coal Mine   Hugh Scrivner   1934 -1936
Robertson Coal Mine   W. F. Robertson   1937 -1939
[Source - No. 1, Index 2516]

Shelton Coal Mines
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
Shelton Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jefferson County
Mine Name Operated By Years
Shelton Coal Mine   Sophia Shelton   circa 1913
[Source - No. 8]
 
1914 Annual Coal Report 8
Abandoned Mines.
      The following mines are not reported this year: Sophia Shelton, Opdyke, Jefferson County
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
Shelton Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jefferson County - Township 3 South, Range 4 East, Section 10
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Shelton Coal Mine   J. M. Shelton   1934 -1947
[Source - No. 1, Index 2514]
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
Shelton Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jefferson County - Township 3 South, Range 4 East, Section 3
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Shelton Coal Mine   Shelton Coal Bank   Unknown
[Source - No. 1, Index 4386]

Jefferson County, Illinois
Coal Mine Fatalities
BICE
November 19, 19044, John Bice,, of Mt. Vernon, miner, aged 30 years, single, was killed by a falling cage.
 
LEE
October 4, 19086, Major Lee, miner, aged 35 years, employed by the David Orr Coal Company, Mt. Vernon, Jefferson county, went with his partner into his place and started to fire a shot, when slate fell upon them and injured both of them, Major dying two days later from his injuries. He leaves a wife.
 
SMITH
January 30, 19054, William Smith, of Mt. Vernon, miner, aged 40 years, married, was killed by falling rock. He leaves a widow and five children.
 

Jefferson County, Illinois
Non-Fatal Casualties

July 1, 1923 - June 30, 1924 & July 1, 1925 - December 31, 1925
BAKERICK, Joseph age 35 years, Machineman, employed at the No. 10 Mine of the Illinois Coal Corp.
14 Dec 1925 - Leg broken, jack pipe fell - Not returned to work
 
BYERS, Lee age 17 years, Timberman, employed at the No. 10 Mine of the Illinois Coal Corp.
5 Dec 1925 - Foot injured, machinery - Not returned to work
 
CLEEK, John age 31 years, Trip rider, employed at the No. 10 Mine of the Illinois Coal Corp.
12 Nov 1925 - Foot mashed, motor - Not returned to work
 
DODD, Joe age 25 years, Spragger, employed at the No. 10 Mine of the Illinois Coal Corp.
17 Sep 1925 - Finger mashed - Not returned to work
 
FORTUNA, R. age 56 years, Loader, employed at the No. 10 Mine of the Illinois Coal Corp.
11 Sep 1925 - Leg broken, falling coal - Not returned to work
 
GRAMMER, Robert age 46 years, Timberman, employed at the No. 10 Mine of the Illinois Coal Corp.
31 Jul 1925 - Back sprained - Time lost - 30 days
 
HAMILTON, L. L. age 34 years, Married with 2 children, of Sheller
27 Nov 1923 - Hand poisoned, unloading steel - Time lost - 99 days
 
HARGIS, Gus age 43 years, Loader, employed at the No. 10 Mine of the Illinois Coal Corp.
10 Jul 1925 - Hand cut - Not returned to work
 
KOIVISTA, William age 32 years, Married with 3 children, of Nason
22 Aug 1923 - Finger poisoned, rock - Time lost - 135 days
 
MADOVICH, M. age 40 years, Loader, employed at the No. 10 Mine of the Illinois Coal Corp.
3 Dec 1925 - Back bruised, falling coal - Not returned to work
 
MINI, Frank age 37 years, Married with 5 children, of Nason
11 Feb 1924 - Hand injured, between car and roof - Time lost - 115 days
 
PARRISH, John William age 30 years, Married with 1 child, of Waltonville
18 Jul 1923 - Face and hands cut, fell off scaffold - Time lost - 74 days
 
SHAW, Harry age 24 years, Timberman, employed at the No. 10 Mine of the Illinois Coal Corp.
5 Dec 1925 - Hand bruised, motor - Not returned to work
 
SOMENZI, Fred age 33 years, Married with 3 children, of Nason
6 Dec 1923 - Toe cut, off pick - Time lost - 62 days
 
STOVES, William age 21 years, Trip rider, employed at the No. 10 Mine of the Illinois Coal Corp.
31 Jul 1925 - Toes cut off - Not returned to work
 
TARN, John W. age 43 years, Married with 1 child, of Nason
15 Jan 1924 - Collar bone broken, falling steel truss - Time lost - 107 days
 
WAITES, J. M. age 47 years, of Blacksmith, employed at the No. 10 Mine of the Illinois Coal Corp.
15 Jul 1925 - Body injured - Time lost - 30 days
 
WATERS, Otto age 35 years, Married with 1 child, of Nason
18 Mar 1924 - Fingers injured, between car and roof - Time lost - 36 days
 
WEATHERS, James age 26 years, Laborer, employed at the No. 10 Mine of the Illinois Coal Corp.
27 Nov 1925 - Finger cut off, machinery - Not returned to work
 
WISSROSKI, Robert age 36 years, Laborer, employed at the No. 10 Mine of the Illinois Coal Corp.
12 Aug 1925 - Ruptured, struck by sledge - Not returned to work
 
YATES, Thurman age 35 years, Married with 1 child, of Ina
25 Jul 1923 - Back injured, falling rock - Time lost - 190 days
 

 
Sources :
 
1 Coal Mines in Illinois, Jefferson County
                Illinois State Geological Survey, 615 East Peabody Drive, Champaign, IL. 61820

2 Wall's History of Jefferson County, Illinois;
                by John A. Wall; B. F. Bowen & Company, Publishers, Indianapolis, Indiana; 1909

3 Seventeenth Annual Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1898
                Coal in Illinois;    Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1899

4 Twenty-Fourth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1905,
                also the Seventh Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                September 30, 1905, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, Illinois State Journal, State Printers, 1906

5 Twenty-Seventh Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1908
                Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1909

6 Twenty-Eighth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1909
                Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1910

7 Thirty-First Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1912
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1913

8 Thirty-Third Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1914
                State Mining Board -- Springfield, Illinois; Illinois State Journal Co.. State Printers, 1914

 

Coal & Coal Mining in Illinois
email graphic

Site Meter

© 2012 - 2017    Wayne Hinton