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Illinois
Coal & Coal Mining
History & Genealogy

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Jackson County, Illinois

Featuring Coal Mining
 
Underground Coal Mines A to J
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Underground Coal Mines K to Z
 
Coal in Jackson County, Illinois Strip (surface) Coal Mines Fatalities Sources
 

Atlas Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 2 West, Section 4, NW SE SW
An Underground Slope Mine at a depth of 27 to 33 feet with an average coal seam of 4.67 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Johns Coal Mine   Ben R. Johns   1938
Atlas Coal Mine   Atlas Coal Company   1939
The last production was reported in 1939.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2446]

Bailey Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Carbondale
A Mine at a depth of 25 to 30 feet with an average coal seam of 7 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Bailey Coal Mine   Oliver Bailey   1898 - 1900
[Source - No. 1,]
1898 Annual Report 11
New Mines. - Jackson County. -- Oliver Bailey has opened a new local mine three miles southeast of Carbondale.

Baker & Steele Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 1 West, Section 36, SE SE NE
An Underground Slope Mine with an average coal seam of 6½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Baker & Steele Coal Mine   Baker & Steele Coal Company   1932 - 1933
[Source - No. 1, Index # 4235]

Bane & Ellace Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - De Soto
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 54 feet with an average coal seam of 10 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Bane & Ellace Coal Mine   Bane & Ellace   1911 - 1912
[Source - No. 1,]
1913 Annual Report 23
Abandoned Mines -- mines reported last year are either abandoned permanently, or operations suspended during the year
      Bane & Ellace, DeSoto

Big Four Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 3 West, Section 21, SW NE SE
A Slope Mine at a depth of 12 feet with an average coal seam of 3½ to 6 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Wining Coal Mine   Wining Coal Mining Company   1895 - 1896
Mason Coal Mine   Mason & Company   1896 - 1898
Big Four Coal Mine   Wining Coal & Mining Company   1898 - 1902
Unknown   Unknown   1903 - 1904
 Michael Schaeffer may have opened this abandoned mine
Big Four Coal Mine   Michael Schaeffer   1905 - 1906
[Source - No. 1, Index # 7287]
The last production was reported in 1902.

Big Muddy Coal Mines
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Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 1
See: Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 10
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1907 Annual Report 18
New Mines.
      The Gus Blair Big Muddy Coal Company, Jackson county, has sunk a new mine at Murphysboro. The mine was sunk in 1906 and coal was reached August 17, at a depth of 120 feet. The shaft is 12 by 18 feet; the coal is No. 1 and No. 2 seams. The engines are 12 by 18 geared 3 to 1, with one inch rope and 5 foot sheave wheels. The boiler is 72 inches by 20 feet with 25 six inch flues. The company intends working the coal by punching machines, as they have a New York Air Compressor; the capacity of the compressor is ten machines. The head-frame is 50 feet high built with long leaf yellow pine; having a shaker screen. The engine room is 22 by 45 feet covered with galvanized iron; the office 12 by 14 feet; the blacksmith shop 18 by 20 feet; both covered with galvanized iron. This shaft is located 2½ miles north of Murphysboro, on the Iron Mountain railroad, and is an up-to-date shaft for the size of it.
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Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 2
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 8 South, 2 West, Section 32, SW NW SE
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 120 to 129 feet with an average coal seam of 2½ feet (top) and 3½ feet (bottom) in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 2   Gus Blair Big Muddy Coal Company   1906 - 1919
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 2   Western United Gas Coal Company   1919 - 1925
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 2   may have operated in 1921
as Jameson Mining Company
[Source - No. 1, Index # 12]
The last production was reported in April 1925.
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Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 3
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 8 South, 2 West, Section 31, NW SE SE
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 15 to 20 feet with an average coal seam of 3½ to 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 3   Gus Blair Big Muddy Coal Company   1927 - 1928
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 3   Big Muddy Coal Company   1929
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 3   Gus Blair Big Muddy Coal Company   1930 - 1936
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 3   Gus Blair   1937 - 1939
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2278]
The last production was reported in 1939.
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Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 4
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 8 South, 1 West, Section 33, NE NE SE
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 150 feet with an average coal seam of 6 to 6½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
St. Louis Ore & Steel Coal Mine No. 4   St. Louis Ore & Steel Company   1887 - 1893
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 4   Big Muddy Coal & Iron Company   1893 - 1896
[Source - No. 1, Index # 7163]
The last production was reported in 1896.
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Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 5
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 8 South, 1 West, Section 33, NW SE SE
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 150 feet with an average coal seam of 6 to 6½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
St. Louis Ore & Steel Coal Mine No. 5   St. Louis Ore & Steel Company   1887 - 1893
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 5   Big Muddy Coal & Iron Company   1893 - 1900
[Source - No. 1, Index # 7164]
The last production was reported in 1900.
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1885 Annual Coal Report 2
      The St. Louis Ore and Steel Co. have abandoned their No. 5 shaft, which was their escape for the tunnel.
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Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 6
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 2 West, Section 33, SE SE SW
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 150 feet with an average coal seam of 6¼ to 6½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 6   Big Muddy Coal & Iron Company   1897 - 1908
The air shaft was the former hoist shaft for St. Louis Ore & Steel No. 1 Mine (mine index 2490).
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2493]
The last production was reported in 1908.
 
1898 Annual Report 11
New Mines. - Jackson County.
      The Big Muddy Coal and Iron Company, at Murphysboro, has completed shaft No. 6 and has fitted it up in first-class shape, top and bottom.
 
1910 Annual Report 20
Abandoned Mines.
      The Big Muddy Coal and Iron Company has abandoned its No. 6 mine, located at Murphysboro, Jackson county.
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Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 9
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 8 South, 2 West, Section 34, NW SW SE
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 108 to 114 feet with an average coal seam of 6 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 9   Big Muddy Coal & Iron Company   1905 - 1920
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 9
aka Murphysboro Coal Mine No. 9
  Consolidated Coal Company   1920 - 1924
[Source - No. 1, Index # 13]
The river broke through into the northwestern part of the mine in November 1921. The mine was generally very wet and required pumping.
The last production was reported in April 1924.
 
1906 Annual Report 17
New Mines.
      The Big Muddy Coal & Iron Co.'s shaft No. 9 is just completed. It is located in township 8, Jackson county. The hoisting shaft is 9 feet 1 inch by 18 feet 5 inches inside of timbers, with two cageways, each 6 feet 10 inches by 9 feet 1 inch, also a stair and pipe way 3 feet 6 inches by 9 feet 1 inch in the north end of shaft. The air shaft is 8¾ feet by 18 2/3 feet inside of timbers, with stair and manway in the south end of shaft 4½ feet by 8¾ feet. The air way is 8¾ feet by 14 feet 2 inches, with a division of 8 by 10 inch buntons running through the center of air way. The depth to the coal is 107½ feet. The coal is 6½ feet in both shafts. Both shafts are timbered with 8 by 8 inch timbers through the surface and with 3 by 10 inch long leaf yellow pine through the slate, treated with a wood preservative. Friedstadt interlocking channel irons 16 feet long were used in going through a 14-foot strata of quicksand in the hoisting shaft, and United States interlocking steel piling 14 feet long was used in going through a 12-foot strata of quicksand in the air shaft.
      The tipple is built of long leaf yellow pine, and is equipped with selfdumping cages, and four tracks. Each track has a 78-foot United States track scale under the tipple so that the empty and loaded cars are weighed standing. A box car loader will be installed as soon as it is needed.
      The shaking screens are of steel, 8 feet wide, perforated sheets extending over 4 tracks, over which 7 grades of coal can be made in the different combinations of the screen.
      The engine house of brick, 22 by 32 feet, at the north end of the shaft, and contains a pair of 18 by 36 inch first motion, Danville hoisting engines, equipped with both foot and steam brakes, also an automatic device to prevent overwinding.
      The boiler house is 44 by 92 feet, north of engine house, with balloon iframe, covered and sided with galvanized iron. It contains four boilers 72 inches by 18 feet, with 70 4-inch flues. Two boilers are set to each battery, and there is room for four more boilers of same size, when needed. The boilers are supplied with coal by a conveyor running from the tipple to the boiler house.
      The power house is 44 by 54 feet, balloon frame, covered and sided with galvanized iron, and contains one 20 by 42 inch Allis-Chalmers 300 H. P. Corliss engine at 92 R. P. M., with a 15-foot fly wheel, grooved for 18 1-inch ropes, and drives a 225 K. W. Crocker-Wheeler generator, 250 volts, direct current.
      The switch-board has two panels equipped with buss bar and Weston voltmeter and 1,000 ampere ammeter, one main circuit breaker and three smaller circuit breakers with fuses on each line. There are four circuits running from the switch-board to the bottom of the shaft, two for mining machines, one for lights and one for haulage, so connected up that a short circuit on one line does not affect any other. The cables are lead covered and well insulated; lightning arresters are placed on each line outside of the power house, and all cables are carried under cover from the power house to the shaft. There is sufficient room in the power house for a duplicate plant.
      The fan is 10-foot Robinson pattern, guaranteed to produce 100,000 cubic feet per minute, and a 2-inch water gauge at 350 R. P. M. These are enclosed in a cast-iron housing and connected to the air shaft by a concrete conduit, driven by a 10 by 20 inch plain slide valve engine, with a rope drive.
      The main bottom entry of the shaft runs nearly east and vest. 14 feet wide and 7½ feet high and 400 feet long, on each side of the shaft. There are two tracks, 3½ feet gauge, laid with 30-pound steel rails, cross bars 12 by 12 inches long leaf yellow pine, set 4 feet from center to center, lagging 3 by 12 inches. The coal is caged from the west side of the shaft, and empty cars are run to the east side by gravity. There is a parallel entry 9 feet wide and arched, on each side of the main bottom entry, making a three entry system on the bottom, with a .30-foot pillar between the main bottom entry and the parallel entries. The bottom is so arranged that the motor can bring the loads to the loaded side of shaft without making a running switch; 200 feet is the greatest distance necessary for the motor to travel without a load.
      The panel system will be adopted in mining, and three entry systems on all entries except the panel, where the two entry system will be used. There will be two air courses and three traveling ways leading to the air shaft from the main entries.
      Two Sullivan electric chain machines are at work at the present time, making an undercut 61/2 deep by 5¾ feet high. More machines will be installed as soon as needed. The general plans and construction, both above and below ground, for safe, efficient and economical operation of the property are considered to be second to none in the State.
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Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 10
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 8 South, 2 West, Section 29, NE SE NW
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 131 to 160 feet with an average coal seam of 3.7 to 4.6 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Lewis Coal Mine   Lewis Coal Company   1872 - 1881
  The 1882 Coal Report indicated the Lewis Mine had been abandoned.
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 1   Gus Blair & Big Muddy Coal Company   1903 - 1915
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 1   Idle   1915
 The Lewis Mine workings are incorporated into the entries of
the Big Muddy No. 10 Mine.
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 10   Big Muddy Coal & Iron Company   1915 - 1920
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 10   Consolidated Coal Company   1920 - 1927
[Source - No. 1, Index # 16]
The last production was reported in March 1927.
 
1915 Annual Report 25
Abandoned Mines. -- Jackson County -- The following mines are temporarily closed or permanently abandoned:
      Gus Blair Big Muddy No. 1
 
1916 Annual Report 26
Improvements.
      The Big Muddy Coal and Iron Company has installed at No. 10 mine, one generator and building, two 8½ feet under cut long wall electric chain machines, two boilers 72 inches by 16 feet, seventy 4-inch flues, and two track scales.

Birkner Coal Mines
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Birkner Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 3 West, Section 26, NW NW NW
A Mine at a depth of 49 to 65 feet with an average coal seam of 7 to 8 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Birkner Coal Mine   E. H. Birkner   1915 - 1942
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2468]
This mine was idle in 1937.
The last production was reported in 1942.
 
1916 Annual Report 26
New and Reopened Mines. -- Jackson County. -- E. H. Birkner, Oraville
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Birkner Coal Mine No. 1
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 3 West, Section 27, NE SW NW
A Mine at a depth of 42 to 48 feet with an average coal seam of 6 to 8 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
W. K. W. Coal Mine   W. K. W. Coal Company   1934 - 1936
Birkner Coal Mine No. 1   E. H. Birkner   1937
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2470]
The last production was reported in 1937.

Blair Coal Mine No. 2
.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Blair Coal Mine No. 2   Gus Blair Coal Company   1922 - 1927
[Source - No. 1]

Black Cat Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 8 South, 1 West, Section 9, NW NW SW
An Underground Slope Mine at a depth of 26 to 40 feet with an average coal seam of 8 to 10 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Black Cat Coal Mine   Benton Big Muddy Coal Company   1918 - 1919
Black Cat Coal Mine   Idle   1920
Black Cat Coal Mine   Jackson Peacock Coal Company   1921 - 1922
Black Cat Coal Mine   De Soto Peacock Coal Company   1922 - 1926
The last production was reported in December 1926.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2485]

Boon Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 2 West, Section 4, SE SE SE
A Drift Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Boon Coal Mine   William Boon   1810 - 1812
[Source - No. 1, Index # 7169]
Wright, John W. D., 1983, Formation & Early Settlement, Murphysboro, Illinois,
Wright's research indicated that Boon made seven trips to New Orleans between 1810 and 1812.

Bowden Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - De Soto
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 40 feet with an average coal seam of 8 to 8½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Bowden Coal Mine   A. C. Bowden   1914 - 1915
Bowden Coal Mine   Bowden Brothers   1915 - 1916
[Source - No. 1,]
1915 Annual Report 25
New Mines. -- Jackson County -- The following are classed as new mines: -- K. C. Bowlen, DeSoto
 
1917 Annual Report 27
Closed and Abandoned Mines. -- Bowlen Bros., DeSoto

Bowden & Craig Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - De Soto
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 38 feet with an average coal seam of 8½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Bowden & Craig Coal Mine   A. Bowden & J. Craig   1911 - 1912
[Source - No. 1,]
1913 Annual Report 23
Abandoned Mines -- mines reported last year are either abandoned permanently, or operations suspended during the year
      Boden & Craig, DeSoto

Brewer Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 1 West, Section 27, NW NE SW
An Drift Mine with an average coal seam of 3.6 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Brewer Coal Mine
aka Lewis & Brewer Coal Mine
  Ross Brewer   1922 - 1923
The last production was reported in 1923.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 7144]

Briar Hill Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 2 West, Section 16, SE
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 60 feet with an average coal seam of 3½o 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Briar Hill Coal Mine   Briar Hill Coal Company   circa 1870 - 1879
The last production was reported in 1879.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 4153]

Brush Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 1 West, Section 33, NE
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 65 feet with an average coal seam of 5.8 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Brush Coal Mine   James L. Brush   1907 - 1908
The last production was reported in 1908.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2499]

Bryden Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 3 West;
Production was simultaneous from (apparently) one underground mine with many openings.
      Main Drift - Section 21, NE SE NE
      Drift - Section 21, SW SE NE
      Drift - Section 22, NW SW NW
      Drift - Section 22, SE SW NW
An Underground Drift Mine at a depth of 25 to 46 feet with an average coal seam of 5½ to 6 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Bryden Coal Mine No. 2   Bryden Coal & Coke Company   1889 - 1891
Bryden Coal Mine No. 3   Bryden Coal & Coke Company   1890 - 1892
Bryden Coal Mine No. 5   Bryden Coal Company   1891 - 1892
Bryden Coal Mine No. 5   Bryden Coal & Coke Company   1892 - 1893
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2464]
The last production was reported in 1893. 1894 Annual Report 7 - page 105
 
1894 Annual Report 7
New Mines.
      The Murphysboro & Big Muddy Coal Company have opened a new mine at Sato, Jackson County; the vein is 6 feet thick, of the Geological Seam No. 2; the coal here is only 20 feet below the surface. This was formerly the Bryden Coal Company's mines Nos. 1 and 5.
      See also : Murphysboro-Big Muddy Coal Mine.

Burning Star Underground Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 3 West;
Production was simultaneous from (apparently) one underground mine with many openings.
      Slope - Township 8 South, 1 West, Section 4, SW NE NW
      Drifts (2) - Township 8 South, 1 West, Section 6, NE NW NW
      Drift - Township 7 South, 2 West, Section 36, NE SE NE
      Drifts (5) - Township 7 South, 2 West, Section 25, SE NE SE
      Drift - Township 7 South, 2 West, Section 25, NE SE SE
An Underground Mine at a depth of 40 to 130 feet with an average coal seam of 6 to 7 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Burning Star Underground Coal Mine   Truax Traer Coal Company   1941 - 1965

This mine was idle in 1962 & 1963
The last production was reported in October 1965.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 606]

Cairo Ice & Coal Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 3 West, Section 27, SE NE SE
A Mine at a depth of 24 to 65 feet with an average coal seam of 4 to 5½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Simpson Coal Mine   V. L. Church, operator
owned by Cairo Ice & Coal Company
  1905 - 1912
Church & Bone Coal Mine   Church & Bone   1912 - 1913
Cairo Ice & Coal Coal Mine   V. L. Church   1913 - 1914
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2469]
This mine was idle in 1907.
The last production was reported in 1914.
 
1914 Annual Report 24
Change of Name.-- Jackson County.
      Church and Bone to V. L. Church
 
1915 Annual Report 25
Abandoned Mines. -- Jackson County -- The following mines are temporarily closed or permanently abandoned:
      V. L. Church

Campbell Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 3 West, Section 2, SW SW SE
A Mine at a depth of 12 feet with an average coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Campbell Coal Mine   William Campbell   1885 - 1898
Campbell Coal Mine   John Campbell   1898 - 1903
Campbell Coal Mine   William Campbell   1903 - 1927
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2454]
This mine was idle in 1887, 1896 - 1898, 1924
The last production was reported in 1927.

Campbell Hill Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 4 West, Section 9, NW NE SE
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 33 to 53 feet with an average coal seam of 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Campbell Hill Coal Mine   Campbell Hill Coal Company   1919 - 1920
Idle   Idle   1921 - 1922
Campbell Hill Coal Mine   Campbell Hill Brick Company   1924 - 1927
Campbell Hill Coal Mine   Shaffel & Gilas   1928
Idle   Idle   1928
Campbell Hill Coal Mine   Schott, Jay & Higgerson   1929
Campbell Hill Coal Mine   Ed Higgerson   1930 - 1931
Campbell Hill Coal Mine   Campbell Hill Coal Company   1932 - 1940
The last production was reported in 1940.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 948]

Cargill Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 10 South, 1 West, Section 8, SE SW NE
A Drift Mine with an average coal seam of 4.4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Cargill Coal Mine   Cargill Coal Company   1954
[Source - No. 1, Index # 4229]

Carbon Heights Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 1 West, Section 36, NE
An Underground Slope Mine at a depth of 20 to 40 feet with an average coal seam of 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Carbon Heights Coal Mine   Carbon Heights Coal Company   1938
The last production was reported in 1938.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 4225]

Carbon Hill Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 1 West, Section 27, NW
A Drift Mine at a depth of 25 to 60 feet with an average coal seam of 3.83 to 8 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Carbon Hill Coal Mine   Col. D. H. Brush   circa 1865 - 1879
Carbon Hill Coal Mine   Samuel T. Brush   1879 - 1889
Carbon Hill Coal Mine   C. A. Ray   1889 - 1891
Carbon Hill Coal Mine   C. A. Ray & S. T. Brush   1891 - 1892
The mine was operated by Col. D. H. Brush at the time the 1878 History of Jackson County was written, but the opening year was not clear from the text. By the time the 1880 Coal Report statistics were gathered, the mine was operated by Samuel T. Brush, the former mine manager.
 
The last production was reported in 1892.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 4631]
1884 Annual Coal Report 2
The Carbon Hill Mine.
      This mine is about two miles southeast of Carbondale and is operated by Samuel T. Bush. The shaft has been abandoned, and a drift opened into the same seam. The mine has been worked all summer, with an increasing business and good prospects. Mr. Aitkinson, Superintendent, has made a successful opening of the drift, and will utilize the abandoned shaft for an escapement.

Carbondale Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 1 West, Section 27, SE SW NW
An Underground Slope Mine at a depth of 20 feet with an average coal seam of 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Black Diamond Coal Mine   Montgomery Coal Company   1919 - 1920
Black Diamond Coal Mine   Forsyth Coal Company   1920 - 1924
McCarnes Coal Mine   McCarnes Coal Company   1924 - 1927
Carbondale Coal Mine   Carbondale Coal & Mining Company   1928
Miller Coal Mine   Miller Coal Company   1929
Fisher Coal Mine   J. V. Fisher   1930
Chamness Coal Mine   Herman Chamness   1931 - 1932
Carbondale Coal Mine No. 2   Carbondale Coal Company   1933 - 1937
The last production was reported in 1937.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 104]

Cedar Hill Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 10 South, 1 West, Section 8, NW NE SW
An Underground Slope Mine with an average coal seam of 2½ to 2.67 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Cedar Hill Coal Mine   Cedar Hill Coal Company   circa 1933
[Source - No. 1, Index # 4237]

Chadwick Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 10 South, 1 West, Section 28, NE SW SW
An Underground Slope Mine with an average coal seam of 2¼ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Chadwick Coal Mine   Robert Chadwick   1929
The last production was reported in 1929.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 4621]

Clark and Shoppell Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Carbondale
An Underground Shaft Mine with an average coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Clark and Shoppell Coal Mine   Clark and Shoppell   1915 - 1916
[Source - No. 1,]
1916 Annual Report 26
New and Reopened Mines. -- Jackson County. -- Clark and Shoppell, Carbondale
 
1917 Annual Report 27
Closed and Abandoned Mines. -- Clark & Shappell, Carbondale

Cox & Harris Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Elkville
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 29 feet with an average coal seam of 8 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Cox & Harris Coal Mine   Cox & Harris   1890 - 1892
[Source - No. 1, ]

Crab Orchard Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 1 West, Section 23, SE NW SE
An Underground Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Crab Orchard Coal Mine   Crab Orchard Coal Company   1922 - 1927
The last production was reported in 1927.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2498]

Craig Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 1 West, Section 31, SW SW SE
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 65 feet with an average coal seam of 8 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Craig Coal Mine   Craig Coal Company   1936 - 1938
Craig Coal Mine   Homer Craig Coal Company   1939 - 1940
Craig Coal Mine   Dewey Craig Coal Company   1941 - 1942
The last production was reported in 1942.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2445]

Crow Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 8 South, 1 West, Section 6, SE SW SW
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 36 to 43 feet with an average coal seam of 7 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Crow Coal Mine   Crow ?   prior to 1908
[Source - No. 1, Index # 4245]

Dilliner Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Carbondale
A Slope Mine with an average coal seam of 3.83 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Dilliner Coal Mine   B. F. Dilliner   1915 - 1916
[Source - No. 1,]
1916 Annual Report 26
New and Reopened Mines. -- Jackson County. -- B. F. Dilliner, Carbondale
 
1917 Annual Report 27
Closed and Abandoned Mines. -- B. F. Dilliner, Carbondale

Douglas Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 3 West, Section 10, SE SE NW
A Drift Mine at a depth of 65 to 80 feet with an average coal seam of 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Heiple Coal Mine   Walter E. Heiple Coal Company   1927 - 1937
Douglas Coal Mine   John Douglas Coal Company   1938 - 1940
Douglas Coal Mine   Howard Worthen   1940
This mine was idle in 1937.
The last production was reported in 1940.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2505]

Eddington Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 8 South, 1 West, Section 8, NE SW
A Mine at a depth of 30 to 60 feet with an average coal seam of 7 to 9 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Bullar Coal Mine   William Bullar   1910 - 1912
Harris Coal Mine   Thomas Harris   1912 - 1913
Eddington Coal Mine   William Eddington   1913 - 1914
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2484]
The last production was reported in 1914.
 
1914 Annual Report 24
Change of Name.-- Jackson County.
      Thomas Harris to William Eddington
 
1915 Annual Report 25
Abandoned Mines. -- Jackson County -- The following mines are temporarily closed or permanently abandoned :
      William Eddington

Edwards Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 3 West, Section 15, SE NE SE
A Mine at a depth of 23 to 28 feet with an average coal seam of 6 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Schimpf Coal Mine No. 2   J. B. Schimpf   1915 - 1916
Edwards Coal Mine   Julius Edwards   1916 - 1917
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2453]
The last production was reported in 1917.
 
1916 Annual Report 26
New and Reopened Mines. -- Jackson County. -- J. B. Schimpf No. 2, Ava
 
1917 Annual Report 27
Change of Name. -- J. B. Schimpf, No. 2, to Julius Edwards

Elk Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 1 West, Section 20, NW NE SW
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 128 feet with an average coal seam of 8 to 8½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Halliday Coal Mine   Halliday Coal Company   1934 - 1917
Idle   Idle   1935
Patrick & McCormick Coal Mine   Patrick & McCormick Coal Company   1936 - 1939
Hallidayboro Coal Mine   Hallidayboro Coal Company   1939 - 1950
Joliana Coal Mine   Joliana Mining Company   1950 - 1954
Elk Coal Mine   Elk Coal Company   1954 - 1964

The last production was reported in June 1964.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 692]

Elkville Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 1 West, Section 20, NW NE NW
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 56 to 60 feet with an average coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Elkville Coal Mine   Elkville Coal Company   1936 - 1940
The last production was reported in 1940.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2444]

Gartside Coal Company
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
Gartside Coal Mine No. 3
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 8 South, 2 West;
      No. 1 Shaft - Section 32, SW SE SE
      No. 3 Shaft - Section 33, NE SW SW
A n Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 141 feet with a coal seam of 3½ to 4½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Gartside Coal Mine No. 1   Gartside Coal Company   prior to 1876 - 1901
Gartside Coal Mine No. 3   Gartside Coal Company   1890 - 1910
The last production was reported in March 1910.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 266]

1911 Annual Report 21
Abandoned Mines.
      One mine in Jackson county, known as the Gartside Coal Company's mine No. 3, Murphysboro, has been abandoned.
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
Gartside Coal Mine No. 4
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 8 South, 2 West;
      No. 2 Shaft - Section 32, NW SE NE
      No. 4 Shaft - Section 29, NE SW SE
      No. 5 Shaft - Section 29, SW NW SE
A Mine at a depth of 135 to 28 feet with an average coal seam of 6 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Gartside Coal Mine No. 2   Gartside Coal Company   prior to 1876 - 1880
Gartside Coal Mine No. 5   Gartside Coal Company   prior to 1876 - 1880
Gartside Coal Mine No. 4   Gartside Coal Company   prior to 1876 - 1923
The last production was reported in March 1923.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 14]
1884 Annual Coal Report 2
Gartside Coal Co.'s Mine.
      This mine is situated on the Cairo and St. Louis Narrow Gauge Railroad, the office of the company being in St. Louis. It is a double-entry mine, employing 100 men inside, and is ventilated with steam, the volume of air in circulation being 7, 518 cubic feet. the company has enlarged and retimbered with heavy timber one of their hoisting shafts, so as to enable them to raise one-ton cars. It is now ready for extensive operations.
      Mr. Daniels, Superintendent.

Hall & Blake Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 1 West, Section 22, SE SE SW
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 30 feet.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Hall & Blake Coal Mine   Hall & Blake   1923 - 1924
The last production was reported in 1924.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2611]

Harrison Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 8 South, 2 West, Section 33, NE NE NW
A Mine at a depth of 155 to 160 feet with an average coal seam of 5.67 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Harrison Coal Mine   Carbondale Coal & Coke Company   prior to 1881 - 1889
Harrison Coal Mine   St. Louis Ore & Steel Company   1889 - 1893
Harrison Coal Mine   Big Muddy Coal & Iron Company   1893 - 1915
[Source - No. 1, Index # 15]
The last production was reported in 1915.
 
1884 Annual Coal Report 2
The Carbondale Coal and Coke Co.
Harrison Shaft.
      This is a double-entry mine, in good condition, employing 117 men and boys and 8 mules underground. It is ventilated by waterfall in the escapement shaft, and steam in the hoisting shaft, which is th up-cast. The air in the passages measured 10,706 cubic feet. This places is distinguished for the harmony existing between the company and the men. This is owing largely, in the first place, to an annual adjustment of prices. The company weighs and pays the miner for all the coal in his car, upon the stipulated scale, and then screens and and assorts to suit the market. the management also provides for a board of arbitration or adjustment, composed of five miners, two designated by the company, two by the miners, and the fifth chosen by them. The duties of this board consist of the investigation of all complaints or misunderstandings which may arise as to the prices for work, or grievances of any nature. They also inspect and adjust the scales, and otherwise administer upon affairs affecting the interests of miners or proprietors. Only in case of disagreement among the members of the board are difficulties of any kind referred to the General Manager, who visits the mine and hears the case within ten days after notice from the committee. This plan has been in successful operation for six years, to the mutual advantage of both parties, and has secured most amicable relations between them. Mention of this matter is made here in the hope that the experiment may be tried elsewhere.
      A. C. Bryden, General Manager, St. Louis.

Harvey Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 2 West, Section 5, NE SW NW
An Underground Shaft Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Harvey Coal Mine   J. Harvey & Sons   1920 - 1921
[Source - No. 1, Index # 7168]
The last production was reported in 1921.
 
The Harvey shaft was used by the Replogle Mine (mine index 2504) as a hoist shaft.

Hi Carbon Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 4 West, Section 5, SE SW SW
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 50 feet with an average coal seam of 4 to 5 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Hi Carbon Coal Mine   Hi Carbon Coal Company   1923 - 1927
The mine had water problems. When visited in 1923, the water ranged from ankle- to knee-deep.
This mine was idle in 1926.
The last production was reported in 1927.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2474]

Hunt Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 1 West, Section 23, NW NE SE
An Underground Slope Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Hunt Coal Mine   Hunt   prior to 1933
[Source - No. 1, Index # 7150]

Imhoff Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County -
      Township 8 South, 3 West, Section 15;     or    Township 8 South, 3 West, Section 26
A Drift Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Imhoff Coal Mine   Ernest & Ray Imhoff   circa 1930 - 1933
In Always of Home, A Southern Illinois Childhood, Edgar Allen Imhoff mentions a drift mine and its portal that was opened by his uncle (Ray Imhoff) and his father (Ernest Imhoff). The drift mine probably also operated between 1930 and 1933, when small mines were not listed in the Coal Reports. The sketch map in the book indicates the drift mine may have been in 26-T8S-R3W, or could be as far north as 15-T8S-R3W.
[Source - No. 1, 4243]

Independent Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 1 West, Section 23, SW NW NE
An Underground Slope Mine with an average coal seam of 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Independent Coal Mine   Independent Coal Company   1927 - 1931
Green Coal Mine   Green Coal Company   1932
Independent Coal Mine   Independent Coal Company   1933 - 1935
This mine was idle in 1928 & 1929.
The last production was reported in 1935.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 4223]

Inland Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 8 South, 1 West, Section 8;
      Shaft No. 1 - SE NE SW
      Shaft No. 2 - SE NW SE
      Shaft - SW SW SE
      Shaft - SE SE SW
An Underground Mine at a depth of 63 feet with an average coal seam of 8½ to 9 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 1
Big Muddy Coal Mine No. 2
  Big Muddy Coal & Coke Company   1881 - 1899
Big Muddy Coal Mine   Big Muddy Coal & Washing Company   1899 - 1901
De Soto Coal Mine   Big Muddy Coal & Washing Company   1901 - 1904
Inland Coal Mine   Inland Coal & Washing Company   1904 - 1907
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2481]
      A shaft was shown in this location (or nearby) on the 1876 atlas. However, the 1882 Coal Report specifically stated that the Big Muddy Coal & Coke Company was new and the mine was new.
      This mine was idle in 1904
      The last production was reported in 1907.
 
1884 Annual Coal Report 2
The Big Muddy Coal Co., Murphysboro.
      This company's shaft is located at De Soto, on the Illinois Central Railroad. It is a single-entry mine employing 20 men underground. The proprietors do not secure as much trade as they ought with the quality of the coal they have, and the facilities for getting it out, and the mine is consequently not run steady.

Jackson County Coal Company Coal Mines
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 2 West, Section 9, SW SW NE
An Underground Drift Mine with an average coal seam of 5¼ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Jackson County Coal Mine   Jackson County Coal Company   circa 1822 - 1840
Unknown   Unknown   circa 1841 - 1849
Jackson County Coal Mine   Jackson County Coal Company   circa 1850 - 1865
Sources disagree on the years of operation. Jackson County Coal Company, according to the 1878 History of Jackson County, began operations in 1822, the first systematic mining in the area. (William Boon mined circa 1810 to 1812, but his mining career was not long-term or consistent. Boon had a blacksmith shop and later became a state senator.) By all indications, this 1822 mining was not extensive, a drift that did not excavate a large amount of coal or a large area, and little is known of the circa 1822 mining. According to the Newsam history (p. 121 and 122 of Historical Sketches of Jackson County, Illinois, 1894), Jackson County Coal Company opened their first mine in SW 9-T9S-R2W about 1850. The miners lived near the drift entrance to the mine in a town named Dorchester, but commonly known as Scotch Town. Dorchester had a lifespan of about 7 years, from 1850 to 1857, and by 1894, no trace of the town existed. This circa 1850 mine was the site of the first Jackson County railroad for mule-drawn cars, with rails made of wood with iron straps nailed onto the tops. The 1850 mine also piled coal that waited for high water of summer to remove the coal to the Mississippi River, and used a steamboat for this task in 1851. This mine closed when the high water failed for the steamboat and railroad expansion was too expensive for the mine to support. The Jackson County Coal Companies listed here may not have had the same investors although sharing the same name of operation. In both cases, the Jackson County Coal Company operations slowed and the Mt. Carbon Coal Company (or its successor, Grand Tower Mining, Manufacturing and Transportation Company, mine index 2490) took ascendance in mining operations.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 4617]
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 9 South, 1 West, Section 27, NE NE NW
An Underground Slope Mine at a depth of 50 to 60 feet with an average coal seam of 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Jackson County Coal Mine   Jackson County Coal Company   1934 - 1937
The last production was reported in 1937.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2495]

Jackson County Brick Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 4 West, Section 9, SW SW NW
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 52 to 53 feet with an average coal seam of 3½ to 5 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Campbell Hill Brick Coal Mine   Campbell Hill Brick Company   1930 - 1934
Jackson County Brick Coal Mine   Jackson County Brick Company   1935 - 1953
The last production was reported in 1953.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2475]

Johns Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 8 South, 1 West, Section 5, NE SW NE
An Underground Slope Mine at a depth of 166 feet with an average coal seam of 6¾ to 9 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Johns Coal Mine   Johns Coal Company   1948 - 1953
Co-op Coal Mine   Co-op Coal Company   1954 - 1955
Sun Ray Coal Mine   Sun Ray Coal Company   1955
Johns Coal Mine   Johns Coal Company   1956 - 1957
The last production was reported in 1957.
[Source - No. 1, Index # 4469]

Johnson Coal Mines
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
Johnson Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 3 West, Section 11, SE SE NE
A Mine at a depth of 4 to 26 feet with an average coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Johnson Coal Mine   William F. Johnson   1903 - 1905
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2458]
The last production was reported in 1905.
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
Johnson Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 7 South, 3 West, Section 11, NW SE SW
A Mine at a depth of 26 to 34 feet with an average coal seam of 3½ feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Johnson Coal Mine   W. F. Johnson   1906 - 1916
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2456]
The last production was reported in 1916.
 
1917 Annual Report 27
Closed and Abandoned Mines. -- W. F. Johnson, Ava
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
Johnson Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Carbondale
An Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 32 to 50 feet with an average coal seam of 4 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Johnson Coal Mine   Johnson Mining Company
Philip Johnson
  1919 - 1912
[Source - No. 1, Index # 2455]
1913 Annual Report 23
Abandoned Mines -- mines reported last year are either abandoned permanently, or operations suspended during the year
      Phillips & Johnson, Carbondale

Jongman Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Jackson County - Township 8 South, 3 West, Section 26, SW NE NW
An Underground Slope Mine with an average coal seam of 6 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Jongman Coal Mine   Jongman Coal Company   unknown - 1933
[Source - No. 1, Index # 4244]

Coal & Coal Mining in Illinois
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