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Illinois
Coal & Coal Mining
History & Genealogy

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Hamilton County, Illinois
Featuring Coal Mining
      Hamilton County is a county located in the southern part of the State of Illinois.
            38.08° N, 88.54° W
The population in 2000 was 8,621, and in 2010 the population was 8,457.
The county seat is McLeansboro
      Hamilton County was formed out of White County in 1821, and is named for Alexander Hamilton.
 
      Hamilton County has twelve townships:
            Beaver Creek, Crook, Crouch, Dahlgren, Flannigan, Knights Prairie, Mayberry, McLeansboro,
South Crouch, South Flannigan, South Twigg, Twigg
 
      Some of the Cities, Villages and communities are :
            Belle Prairie City, Broughton, Dahlgren, Dale, Macedonia (small portion in Franklin County), McLeansboro
 
Some of the unincorporated communities are :
            Aden, Blairsville (Flannigan's Store), Braden, Bungay, Dale or Dales, Delafield, Diamond City, Feakeyville, Garrison, Hoodville, Logansport, IL, Olga, Piopolis - (New Bremen), Rectorville previously Broughton, Thackeray, Thurber, Tucker's Corner, Walpole
 
      Some of the ghost towns are :
            Flint, Jefferson City, Lovilla, Slapout
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Extract from 1887 History of Gallatin, Saline, Hamilton, Franklin and Williamson Counties, Illinois. 2
Geology
      The rocks of this county belong to the upper coal measures, ranging from Coal No. 10 to No. 13, the rock strata being from 150 to 200 feet in thickness, but the coal is seldom thick enough to work. In early days the coal on Hogg Prairie was worked to some extent by stripping to supply the blacksmiths, but upon opening up the thicker veins in Saline County, the work in Hamilton County was abandoned.

Hamilton County, Illinois - Coal Mines


Harper Coal Mines
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Harper Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Hamilton County -
      Township 5 South, Range 5 East, Section 23, NW SW SE
A surface (strip) Mine with an average coal seam of 1.8 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Harper Coal Mine   John C. Harper   1889 - 1905
The last production was reported in 1905.
[Source - No. 1, Index 7131 ]
P. O. address of mine was Flint, Hamilton County, Illinois 3 and McLeansboro, Hamilton County, Illinois 7
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Harper Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Hamilton County -
      Township 5 South, Range 5 East, Section 26, NW NW NE
A surface (strip) Mine at a depth of 6 feet with an average coal seam of 2 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Harper Coal Mine   William Harper   1895 - 1897
The last production was reported in 1897.
[Source - No. 1, Index 7132 ]

Wheeler Creek Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Hamilton County -
      Shaft A - Township 5 South, Range 7 East, Section 30, NW NW NW
      Shaft B - Township 5 South, Range 6 East, Section 25, NE NE NE
      Shaft C - Township 5 South, Range 6 East, Section 25, NE NE NE
Underground Shaft Mine at a depth of 929 feet with an average coal seam of 6 feet in thickness.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Inland Steel Coal Mine No. 2   Inland Steel Coal Company   1979 - 1985
Wheeler Creek Coal Mine   Consolidation Coal Company   1986 - 1988
The last production was reported in 1988.
[Source - No. 1, Index 938 ]
 

Other Coal Mines as listed in th Annual Coal Reports of Illinois :
 
McGINIS - 18975 - Thomas McGinis at Post Office address of Dahlgren, slope mine at a depth of 12 feet with a coal seam of 2.6 feet in thickness.
 
YATES - 18954 - I. R. Yates & Company at Post Office address of Dahlgren, strip mine with a coal seam of 1.6 feet in thickness.
 
YATES - 18986 - R. I. Yates at Post Office address of Dahlgren, slope mine at a depth of 12 feet with a coal seam of 2.6 feet in thickness.
 

Sources :
1 Coal Mines in Illinois, Hamilton County
                Illinois State Geological Survey, 615 East Peabody Drive, Champaign, IL. 61820

2 History of Gallatin, Saline, Hamilton, Franklin and Williamson Counties, Illinois.
                The Goodspeed Publishing Co.; John Morris Company, Printers, Chicago; 1887

3 Statistics of Coal In Illinois 1893
                Twelveth Annual Report ;    Springfield, ILL.; H. W. Rokker, State Printer and Binder, 1894

4 Statistics of Coal In Illinois 1895
                Fourteenth Annual Report;    Springfield, ILL.; ED. F. Hartman, State Printer, 1896

5 Sixteenth Annual Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1897
                Coal in Illinois;    Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1898

6 Seventeenth Annual Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1898
                Coal in Illinois;    Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1899

7 Twentieth Annual Coal Report of the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1901,
                also the Third Annual Report of the Illinois Free Employment Offices, for the Year Ended
                October 1, 1901, David Ross, Secretary; Springfield, -- Springfield, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1902


Coal & Coal Mining in Illinois
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