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Illinois
Coal & Coal Mining
History & Genealogy

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DeWitt County, Illinois
Featuring Coal Mining
      DeWitt County is a county located in the central part of the state of Illinois.
      39.37690° N - 90.29454° W
In 200 the population was 16,798, and as of 2010, the population was 16,561
The county seat of DeWitt County is Clinton, Illinois.
 
      DeWitt County was formed in 1839 from Macon and McLean Counties; and named in honor of the seventh Governor of New York State, DeWitt Clinton.
 
      DeWitt County has thirteen townships :
            Barnett, Clintonia, Creek, DeWitt, Harp, Nixon, Rutledge, Santa Anna, Texas, Tunbridge, Wapella, Waynesville, Wilson
 
      Some of the Cities and Villages are :
            Clinton, DeWitt, Farmer City, Kenney, Wapella, Waynesville, Weldon
 

 
DeWitt County, Illinois
Coal Mining
Notes
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History of DeWitt County, Illinois; W. R. Brink & Co. Philadelphia; 1882
page 37
      At Farmer City a coal shaft was sunk a depth of 163 feet, passing through clays, gravel and quick-sand, seemingly a continuation of the subterranean passage elsewhere spoken of, and which was insufficiently guarded against by the use of heavy planks, which breaking away, inundated the shaft completely. After reaching the depth of 163 feet, the projectors were determined on finding the depth to the underlying coal-fields, by boring, which they prosecuted to the further depth of 476 feet 11 inches, . . . . . . . . . . . .
page 38
      Coal was found at Farmer City at a depth of two hundred and twenty-nine feet. . . . . . . . . . . . .
      The vein is now being worked producing coal of a superior quality. At a depth of five hundred and eighty feet, a vein of salt water was struck, which proved almost artesian, since in a single night it rose to the height of five hundred feet. Singular to relate, in sinking the shaft, it was not encountered.
page 218
      Coal Operators : McKinley & Webb, Knox & Farber.
page 219
      In 1879, citizens put forth strenuous efforts to secure coal by sinking a shaft. After expending large sums of money the idea was abandoned, owing to the flooding of the shaft with water in such quantities to prevent work.
page 309
      At this writing there is a country store situated in section 19, and kept by G. W. Lewis. From many favorable indications, it is thought that there are excellent coal beds underlying this township, and several efforts have been made to verify the indications, but not extensive enough to make a success to the operators.
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Illinois State Geological, 615 E. Peabody, Champaign, IL., 61820, survey states :
      There has not been any mining in DeWitt County.
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Coal Men of America, The Retail Coalman, Chicago; 1918
page 49
      Between 25 and 30 per cent, of the coal mined in the state comes from the No. 5 seam which underlies the Central Illinois, Harrisburg and Fulton-Peoria fields. This bed is found in Cass, DeWitt, Fulton, Gallatin, Knox, Logan, Macon, Mason, Menard, McLean, Peoria, Saline, Sangamon, Schuyler, Tazewell and Woodford counties.

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