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Illinois
Coal & Coal Mining
History & Genealogy

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Cass County, Illinois
Featuring Coal Mining
 
      Cass County is a county located in the central part of the state of Illinois.
39.98° N, 90.250° W
 
      Cass County was formed in 1837 out of Morgan County, and named in honor of Lewis Cass, a general in the War of 1812, Governor of the Michigan Territory, and United States Secretary of State in 1860.
 
      The population was 13,695 in 2000 and 13,642 in 2010.
 
      The county seat of Cass County, Illinois is Virginia.
 
      There are eleven townships in Cass County : Arenzville, Ashland, Beardstown, Bluff Springs, Chandlerville,
Hagener, Newmansville, Panther Creek, Philadelphia, Sangamon Valley, Virginia
 
      Some of the Cities, Towns, & Villages are :
Arenzville, Ashland, Beardstown, Bluff Springs, Chandlerville, Newmansville, Philadelphia, Virginia
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Coal Mining History of Cass County, Illinois 1
      All parts of Cass County appear to be underlaid by the coal measures, which here include the horizon of four or five different seams of coal. It seems highly probable, indeed, that there is no portion of the county, excepting the bottom lands along the Illinois and Sangamon rivers, that is not underlaid by at least one coal bed of workable thickness. The lowest of these seams, which is exposed or worked anywhere in this region is probably the coal No. 1 of the general section of the State, identical with the Exeter coal of Scott County, although it is possible that it may prove to be No. 2 of the general section, or the same as the Neeleyville coal in Morgan County.
 
      The absence of black slate in the roof and the great thickness of the sandstone above, are facts which seem to slightly favor this view, but are, however, not conclusive.
 
      The absence of exposures in the southwestern portion of Cass County is to be regretted, as not affording the means of positively determining this question.
 
      This seam of coal is now actively worked at only one or two points in Cass County, although it was formerly much more extensively mined along its out-crop on the side of the bluffs of the Illinois and Sangamon rivers. The seam will average three feet in thickness, and is of fair quality. The discontinuance of the most of the mining operations was mainly due to the small local demand and the competition of other mines in the adjoining counties on the Illinois river.
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Annual Coal Report8
Abandoned Mines
A shaft some two hundred feet deep, at Virgina, Cass county, that was operated in a small way for local trade for a number of years, was found to be a non-dividend paying investment, and was accordingly abandoned early in the year.
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Early Coal Mine Operators Fatalities Sources

Ashland Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Cass County - Township 17 North, Range 8 West, Section 28
Underground Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Cass County Coal Mine   Cass County Coal Company   1885 - 1887
Russell Coal Mine   Russell Bros.
J. S. & G. S. Russel; Ashland1887
  1887 - 1889
Ashland Coal Mine   Ashland Coal Company   1889 - 1894
Russell Coal Mine   Russell Bros.
J. S. & G. S. Russel
  1894
Ashland Coal Mine   Ashland Coal Company   1900 - 1901
[Source - No. 2, Index 2037]
 
1919 Annual Coal Report14 - Cass County - Ashland Coal Co., Ashland; in 1919

Cass County Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Cass County - Township 17 North, Range 10 West, Section 2
Underground Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Bowerby Coal Mine
( Section 2 or 3 )
  Bowerby Bros.   1889
Virginia Coal Mine   Virginia Coal Company   1890 - 1897
Cass County Coal Mine   Cass County Coal Company   1898 - 1899
[Source - No. 2, Index 2038]

Newmansville Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Cass County - Township 18 North, Range 8 West, Section 29
Underground Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Newmansville Coal Mine   Newmansville Coal Company   Unknown
[Source - No. 2, Index 6377]

Old Sowerby Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Cass County - Township 17 North, Range 10 West, Section 2
Underground Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Old Sowerby Coal Mine   Old Sowerby Mine   Unknown
[Source - No. 2, Index 6375]

Roloff Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Cass County
Underground Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Roloff Coal Mine   Fred Roloff   1939 - 1942
[Source - No. 2, Index 2036]

Sholes Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Cass County - Township 18 North, Range 9 West, Section 6
Slope Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Sholes Coal Mine   Wm. Sholes   Unknown
[Source - No. 2, Index 6380]
 
1890 Annual Coal Report4 - Cass County - William Shore, Chandlerville; in 1890

Virginia Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Cass County - Township 17 North, Range 10 West, Section 2
Underground Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Virginia Coal Mine   Virginia Coal & Water   1883 - 1884
[Source - No. 2, Index 2039]

Early Coal Mine Operators
Listed in the Annual Coal Reports
Dat is first year listed; Location is Post Office
Ashland Coal Works, Ashland; in 1890
Benman & Bormolle, in Ashland; in 1924
Santa Cardoni, Beardstown; in 1934
Julius Darland, Chandlerville; in 1893
Dixon Coal Company, Virginia; in 1924
A. T. Dunn, Beardstown; in 1924
Hinchcliff & Co., Chandlerville; in 1890
H. Hinchcliff, Chandlerville Underground Mine - 40 feet deep with 3 feet coal thickness; in 1887
Wm Hinchcliff, Chandlerville Underground Mine - 25 feet deep with 2.8 feet coal thickness; in 1887
Chas. Hinrichs, Ashland; in 1918
Klock & Harnesburk, Chandlerville; in 1896
Ed. Knight, Beardstown; in 1917
Leonard Coal Co., Beardstown; in 1934
James H. Miller, Chanderlerville; in 1924
T. H. Moody & Sons, Bluff Springs; in 1925
Thos. Morey, Beardstown; in 1939
Nelson & Jansen, Chandlerville; in 1893
Charles Nelson, Chandlerville; in 1903
Christian Nelson, Chandlerville; in 1896
James Penman, Ashland; in 1925
Chas. Pschiner & Son, Chanderlerville; in 1924
Chas. Renoot, Beardstown; in 1918
Smith & Estille, Ashland; in 1934
Jacob Stocker, Beardstown; in 1918
Thievaught Coal Company, Beardstown; in 1937
Virginia Coal Co., Virginia; in 1890
William Shores, Chandlerville Underground Mine - 40 feet deep with 2.8 feet coal thickness; in 1887

1913 Annual Coal Report11
New Mines -- Cass County
The following mines were no reported last year and are classed as new mines : Albert Hovershack, Beardstown.

Cass County, Illinois
Coal Mine
Fatalities
CHITTICK
August 23, 18977, Christian Chittick, of Virginia, top-man, married, aged 53 years, employed by the Cass County Coal Company, Virginia, fell down the shft and was instantly killed. The deceased pushed an empty car to the shaft and followed it through the gate; the car caught on the top of the guides and hung there; afterwards he came from the dump, going to the wrong side of the shaft where there was no cage; the gate being open, he and the car fell to the bottom. He leaves a widow and six children, four of whom are dependent.
 
KINNIPBERG
February 7, 193317, Fred Kinnipberg, of Beardstown, miner, age 37 years, married, was, killed by a fall of clod in Little Dog Coal Company's mine. He leavesa widow and two children.
 

Sources :
 
1 History of Cass County, Illinois Edited by William Henry Perrin
                Chicago : O. L. Baskin & Co., Historical Publishers, Lakeside Building; 1882

2 Coal Mines in Illinois, Cass County
                Illinois State Geological Survey, 615 East Peabody Drive, Champaign, IL. 61820

3 Statistics of Coal in Illinois, 1887
                A Supplemental Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics       Springfiled, ILL.; H. W. Rokker, State Printer and Binder, 1887

4 Sixth Biennial Report of the Bureau of Labor Statistics of Illinois, 1890       Springfiled, ILL.; H. W. Rokker, State Printer and Binder, 1891
5 Statistics of Coal in Illinois, 1893
                A Supplemental Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics       Springfiled, ILL.; H. W. Rokker, State Printer and Binder, 1894

6 State Bureau of Labor Statistics, Coal In Illinois, 1896
                A Supplemental Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics       Springfiled, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1897

7 Seventeenth Annual Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1898
                Coal in Illinois       Springfield, ILL; Phillips Bros. State Printers, 1899

8 Eighteenth Annual Coal Report, Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1899
                A Supplemental Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics       Springfiled, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1909

9 Nineteenth Annual Coal Report, Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1900
                A Supplemental Report of the State Bureau of Labor Statistics       Springfiled, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1901

10 Twenty-Second Annual Coal Report, Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1903
                Springfiled, ILL.; Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1904

11 Thirty-Second Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1913
                State Mining Board       Springfiled, ILL.; Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers, 1914

12 Thirty-Sixth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1917
                Department of Mines and Minerals       Illinois State Journal Co., Springfield, Illinois, 1917

13 Thirty-Sixth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1918
                Department of Mines and Minerals       Illinois State Journal Co., Springfield, Illinois, 1918

14 Thirty-Eighth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1919
                Department of Mines and Minerals       Springfield, ILL.; Illinois State Journal Co., State Printers 1919

15 Forty-Third Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1924
                Department of Mines and Minerals       Illinois Printing Co., Danville, ILL., 1924

16 Forty-Fifth Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1925
                Department of Mines and Minerals       Illinois State Journal Co., Springfield, Illinois, 1926

17 Fifty-Second Annual Coal Report of Illinois, 1933 -- Department of Mines and Minerals
18 Fifty -Third Coal Report of Illinois, 1934 -- Department of Mines and Minerals
19 Fifty -Sixth Coal Report of Illinois, 1937 -- Department of Mines and Minerals
20 Fifty -Eighth Coal Report of Illinois, 1939 -- Department of Mines and Minerals
 

Coal & Coal Mining in Illinois
 
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