header
Home | About | Illinois Coal Mining | Contact | Facebook logo
seperator decorative top bar

Illinois
Coal & Coal Mining
History & Genealogy

seperator decorative bottom bar

Brown County, Illinois

Featuring Coal Mining
 
      Brown County is a county located in the central part of the state of Illinois.     35.95° N, 90.75° W

 
Brown County, Illinois was formed out of Schuyler County in 1839.
Brown County, Illinois is named in honor of Gen. Jacob Brown, who defeated the British at the Battle of Sackett's Harbor in 1813.
 
      The population was 6,950 in 2000 and 6,937 in 2010.
 
      The county seat of Brown County, Illinois is Mount Sterling
 
      There are nine townships in Brown County, Illinois:
Buckhorn, Cooperstown, Elkhorn, Lee, Missouri, Mount Sterling, Pea Ridge, Ripley, Versailles
 
      Some of the Cities, Towns, & Villages are :
Mound Station, Mount Sterling, Ripley, Versailles
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
Extracts from :
History of Brown County, Illinois 1
1882
      The lower coal seam is worked at several points northeast of Mount Sterling, in open trenches, along its outcrops, in the valleys of the small streams. The coal is about two feet in thickness, and of good quality, with about five feet of clay shale in the roof, above which there is a bed of black slate, that at some places rests directly upon the coal. This vein is not of sufficient thickness to be profitably worked. On Little Missouri creek, in the northwest corner of the county, on section 7, T1N, R4W, coal is dug at many points in the ravines which intersect the bluffs of the main creek. Here the coal is from 24 to 30 inches in thickness, and resembles coal No. 2.
 
      At the La Grange bluff on section 29, T1S, E1 W, the lower part of the coal measures are well exposed, resting upon the St. Louis group, consisting of limestones and calcareous sandstones, which outcrop at the base of the bluff.
 
      A little farther north coal from No. 1 seam has been dug. The upper shale in the foregoing section, contains a calcareous band in the lower part of the bed, which is filled with fossil shells, among which are observed Productus murieatus and chonetes mesoloba, and these species are also found in the band of iron ore below. The clay shale below this limestone, affords-the potter's clays so extensively used in this country in the manufacture of pottery, and its average thickness is fifteen feet. At Ripley, the same beds are exposed as at LaGrange, and show but little variation in their lithological characters.
 
Missouri Township
      Coal abounds in various parts, and at some points nearly crops out at the surface on the sides of the hills and bluffs. It is worked to some extent by drifts. The vein will average about three feet in thickness, and the quality of coal is considered good.
 
Town of Ripley
      Coal Mining. -- Within a mile and a half of town are four coal mines in operation, and are owned and conducted by the following parties: Jerry O'Neal, T. F. Lewis, James Moody, and C. McKee. The mines are worked by drifting into the bluff. The coal is found from ten to thirty feet below the surface, and the vein will average about 30 inches in thickness. The mines are meagerly worked, only sufficient to supply home demand.
 
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
Early Coal Mine Operators Sources 

 
Bates Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 North, Range 4 West, Section 14
Drift Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Bates Coal Mine No. 2   M. F. Bates   1905 - 1911
[Source - No. 2, Index 239]
- - - - -       - - - - -       - - - - -
Bates Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Bates Coal Mine   Bates & Larson   1947 - 1948
Bates Coal Mine   Fred Bates   1948 - 1949
[Source - No. 2, Index 2006]

Big 4 Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 North, Range 2 West, Section 30
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Malcomson Coal Mine   K. D. Malcomson Coal Company   1956 - 1960
Big 4 Coal Mine   Big 4 Coal Company   1960 - 1963
[Source - No. 2, Index 2007]

Big Eagle Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 North, Range 4 West, Section 13
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Big Eagle Coal Mine No. 1   Great American Energy Corp.   1979 - 1980
[Source - No. 2, Index 991]

Bowen Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 2 South, Range 3 West, Section 6
Drift Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Bowen Coal Mine   Robert Bowen   1935 - 1937
[Source - No. 2, Index 2019]

Bradbury Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 South, Range 1 West, Section 29
Mine Name Operated By Years
Bradbury Coal Mine   Bradbury   Unknown
[Source - No. 2, Index 6296]

C & H Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 North, Range 4 West, Section 14
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
C & H Coal Mine   C & H Coal Company
Charles Yates
  1958 - 1959
[Source - No. 2, Index 835]

Christian Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 North, Range 4 West, Section 12
Slope Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Christian Coal Mine   C. H. Christian   1936 - 1939
[Source - No. 2, Index 2012]

Cruser Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 North, Range 4 West, Section 12
Drift Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Cruser Coal Mine No. 1   A. L. Cruser   1934 - 1948
[Source - No. 2, Index 2011]

Green Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Green Coal Mine   C. C. Green   1958 - 1959
[Source - No. 2, Index 2914]

Hart Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Hart Coal Mine   C. S. Hart   1950 - 1951
[Source - No. 2, Index 2018]

Katzenburger Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 South, Range 1 West, Section 21
Mine Name Operated By Years
Katzenburger Coal Mine   Frank Katzenburger   1937 - 1938
[Source - No. 2, Index 2013]

Krupps Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 North, Range 4 West, Section 24
Drift Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Pruden Coal Mine   Charles Pruden   1937 - 1939
Krupps Coal Mine   Alfred Krupps   1939 - 1940
[Source - No. 2, Index 2016]

L & F Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 North, Range 4 West, Section 9
Slope Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
L & F Coal Mine   Lamma & Freutung   1935 - 1938
[Source - No. 2, Index 2010]

Lagrange Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 South, Range 1 West, Section 29
Drift Mine.- Post Office Address : Beardstwown
Mine Name Operated By Years
Lagrange Coal Mine   R. C. Schell   1923 - 1924
[Source - No. 2, Index 2017]

Merritt Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County
Drift Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Merritt Coal Mine   Perry Merritt   1948 - 1949
[Source - No. 2, Index 4185]

Mushhanser Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 South, Range 3 West, Section 4
Mine Name Operated By Years
Mushhanser Coal Mine   Mushhanser   Unknown
[Source - No. 2, Index 6301]
 
      Note : Unknown if this is possibly the same name :
            A. Murschhauser, PO : Mt. Sterling; in 1897
            Valentine Mushouser, PO : Mt. Sterling; 40 feet deep; in 1900


Pea Ridge Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 North, Range 4 West, Section 23
Drift Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Moorman Coal Mine   Fritz Moorman   1938
Pea Ridge Coal Mine   Pea Ridge Coal Company   1938 - 1942
[Source - No. 2, Index 2014]

Phillips Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County- Township 2 South, Range 4 West, Section 9
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Phillips Coal Mine   Harvey Phillips   1935 - 1938
[Source - No. 2, Index 2020]

Rang Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 North, Range 3 West, Section 25
Drift Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
K & R Coal Mine   Keltz & Rang   1934 - 1939
Rang Coal Mine   Clemens Rang   1934 - 1939
[Source - No. 2, Index 2008]

Salisbury Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 North, Range 4 West, Section 5
Slope Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Walker Coal Mine   Ike Walker   1935 - 1936
W & S Coal Mine   Wallar & Salisbury   1936 - 1939
Salisbury Coal Mine   Walter Salisbury   1936 - 1939
[Source - No. 2, Index 2009]

Stewart Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Township 1 North, Range 4 West, Section 24
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Clayton Coal Mine   Lozelle Clayton   1939 - 1942
Stewart Coal Mine   Louie Stewart   1939 - 1942
[Source - No. 2, Index 2015]

Williams Coal Mine
The legal description lists this as :    Brown County - Section 3
Strip Mine.
Mine Name Operated By Years
Williams Coal Mine   Irvin Williams   1934 - 1940
[Source - No. 2, Index 2075]

Early Coal Mine Operators
Listed in the Annual Coal Reports
date is year first listed
Geo. Adams, Mt. Sterling; in 1903
Henry Adams, Ripley; 30 feet deep; in 1900
Jacob Adams, Mt. Sterling; 40 feet deep; in 1897
Job Adams, Ripley, 30 feet deep; in 1899
John Adams, Mt. Sterling; 40 feet deep, in 1898
Jas. Alexander, Mt. Sterling; in 1901
Joseph Alexander, Mt. Sterling; 30 feet deep; in 1900
George Ashbacker, Mt. Sterling; 40 feet deep; in 1897
 
Samuel Baily, Mt. Sterling; 40 feet deep; in 1897
Curtis Black, Mt. Sterling; in 1934
Wm. Black, Mt. Sterling; in 1902
Thomas Brady, Damon; in 1897
Otis Bullard (spelled Buller in 1901), Mt. Sterling; 30 feet deep; in 1900
Bur-Beak Coal Compamy, Clayton; in 1940
 
C. E. Campbell, Mt. Sterling; in 1936
A. Carpenter, Mt. Sterling; in 1934
Henry Carnicle, Ripley; 30 feet deep; in 1900
H. H. Carniel, Ripley; in 1902
Clark Coal Company, Clayton; in 1941
Cal Clayton, Damon; 40 feet deep; in 1900
J. M. Clingler, Clayton; in 1936
Francis R. Crooks, Mt. Sterling; in 1934
A. L. Cruser, Mt. Sterling; in 1934
H. Cronicle, Mt. Sterling; 40 feet deep, in 1898
 
Charles Dunlop, Mt. Sterling; 40 feet deep; in 1897
George Dunlop, Mt. Sterling; 30 feet deep; in 1899
 
Ellis & Walker, Golden; in 1934
 
Lawrence Factor, Mt. Sterling; in 1934
Daniel Flinn, Damon; Daisey (1898); in 1897
Jake Fredlin, Mt. Sterling; in 1898
Henry Friday, Ripley; 30 feet deep; in 1900
J. J. Friday, Ripley; in 1902
 
John Geisler, Mt. Sterling; 30 feet deep; in 1900
A. Griffith, Mt. Sterling; in 1898
J. D. Gross, Camp Point; in 1901
J. G. Gross, Clayton; in 1934
Phil Gross, Clayton; in 1924
John Grouis, Clayton; in 1897
Julius D. Grouis, Clayton; (Camp Point in 1900); 30 feet deep; in 1899
 
John Hall, Ripley; in 1907
L. Hedrick, Ripley; in 1905
Lib Hendricks, Timewell; in 1934
Thomas L. Henry, Mt. Sterling; in 1934
J. Hetrick, Ripley; in 1906
Louis Hetrick, Mt. Sterling; in 1906
Milton E. Howk, Mt. Sterling; in 1934
Howard Bros., Mt. Sterling; in 1902
Alvin Howard, Mt. Sterling; 30 feet deep; in 1900
J. Howard, Mt. Sterling; in 1905
L. Howard, Mt. Sterling; in 1903
Huff & Hendricks, Ripley, 30 feet deep; in 1899
 
William Ingels, Mt. Sterling; in 1934
 
E. E. Jenson, Timewell; in 1919
S. Johnson, Mt. Sterling; in 1902
 
E. R. Kendrick, Marden; 50 feet deep; in 1900
Kindhart Bros., Clayton; in 1936
Clyde Kindhart & Dodd, Clayton; in 1934
Kirkham & Walker, Mt. Sterling; in 1941
Kiskman & Claassen, Mt. Sterling; in 1943
Art Klingler, Mt. Sterling; in 1934
John Klingler, Clayton; in 1934
Knight & Fennell, Clayton; in 1918
Cyril Koch, Mt. Sterling; in 1940
P. Kunkel, Mt. Sterling; in 1902
 
Grant Lamma, Clayton; in 1936
P. F. Lewis, Mt. Sterling; in 1903
T. F. Lewis, Mt. Sterling; 40 feet deep; in 1897
Thomas. Lewis, Ripley; in 1905
J. J. Lindsey, Ripley; in 1903
Wm. Linsey (spelled Lindsey in 1901), Mt. Sterling; 30 feet deep; in 1900
Lisenbee Coal Co., Hersman; in 1934
Ira Logsdon, Mt. Sterling; in 1947
 
Roland McClain, Clayton; in 1934
Jas. McClary, Mt. Sterling; in 1902
J. McCleary, Ripley; in 1903
J. B. McCleary, Ripley; in 1934
Douglas McClure, Mt. Sterling; 40 feet deep; in 1897
Marvin McQuaid, Camden; in 1936
J. P. McWilliams, Ripley; 30 feet deep; in 1900
A. Murschhauser, Mt. Sterling; in 1897
Valentine Mushouser, Mt. Sterling; 40 feet deep; in 1900
 
Jerry O'Neil, Ripley, 40 feet deep; in 1897
 
Jim Paisley, Ripley; in 1936
Leo Passlay, Golden; in 1934
Archibald Perry, Clayton; in 1918
Robert J. Perry, Timewell; in 1918
John Poppleston, Mt. Sterling; 30 feet deep; in 1900
E. Powers, Mt. Sterling; in 1903
 
F. Rang, Mt. Sterling; in 1902
Chas. Redmond, Damon; 40 feet deep; in 1900
Chas. Redmond, Jr., Mt. Sterling; in 1934
T. Redmond & Bros., Damon; in 1897
Barney Ridder, Damon; in 1897
George Riley, Versailes; in 1934
Thomas Robbins, Ripley; 30 feet deep; in 1900
Geroge Roberts, Mt. Sterling; in 1934
Leonard Roberts, Mt. Sterling; in 1934
J. J. Royer, Mt. Sterling; 40 feet deep; in 1900
 
F. Samuels, Mt. Sterling; in 1898
Noel Sheerer, Ripley; in 1906
Shepard & Henson, Clayton; in 1934
Shepherd & Klinger, Clayton; in 1919
Shepard & Terrel, Clayton; in 1936
James Shepard, Clayton; in 1934
William Shepherd, Clayton; in 1918
Shinnefield & Price, Mt. Sterling; 30 feet deep; in 1899
Ed. Six, Mt. Sterling; in 1902
Ned Six, Mt. Sterling; in 1907
Otis Staffer, Ripley, 30 feet deep; in 1899
Alfred Stinebaker, Mt. Sterling; in 1934
 
Homer Taylor, Mt. Sterling; in 1936
Roy Taylor & Cletus Grafton, Mt. Sterling; in 1934
C. R. Thomas, Ripley; in 1934
L. W. Tournear, Clayton; in 1934
 
Archie Vancil, Mt. Sterling; in 1946
 
Geo. Wagner, Mt. Sterling; in 1903
Washburn & Hendricks, Ripley; in 1934
Western Illinois Mining Corporation, Clayton; in 1937
Ira Williams, Mt. Sterling; in 1936

Seven Strip Mines in 1900

Sources :
 
1 Combined History of Schuyler and Brown Counties, Illinois
                by W. R. Brink & Co., Philadelphia; Corresponding Office, Edwardsville, Illinois; 1882

2 Coal Mines in Illinois, brown County
                Illinois State Geological Survey, 615 East Peabody Drive, Champaign, IL. 61820

7 State Bureau of Labor Statistics, Coal In Illinois, 1897 through 1907
8 Annual Coal Reports of Illinois
 

Coal & Coal Mining in Illinois
 
email graphic

Site Meter

© 2012 - 2015    Wayne Hinton