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Illinois Coal & Coal Mining
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Strikes and Related Events
as related in newspaper articles

Secretary McBride Announces a General Walk Out.
All the Colliers in the United States to be Involved.
Pittsburgh, Jan. 18. -- Grand Secretary McBride, of the Mine Workers' union, says a strike of all the miners in the United States will occur soon.
[The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois, Volume 42, Number 79, Thursday, January 18, 1894, Page 1]

Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 15
Friday, April 13, 1894, Page 1
United Mine Workers of America Declare a Walk-Out. for April 21.
      Columbus, O., April 11. --The United Mine Workers of America have ordered a general strike on April 21. The resolution was received with prolonged applause and was followed by an animated discussion. Joseph Dunkerly, state president of Indiana, was bitterly opposed to the date, as the Indiana miners had a contract with the operators till May 1. He also wanted assurance if Illinois is ready, for if Illinois is not then the coal operators of that state could supply all the states around. Finally the resolution was adopted.
      A second resolution was adopted which provides that in case the first general suspension of mining fails to bring the desired results, the executive board is authorized to order another suspension during the year at any time that may be deemed advisable.
      John McBride was re-elected president; P. H. Pena, vice-president, and Patrick McBryde secretary and treasurer. W. B. Wilson, of Pennsylvania; W. G. Webb, Kentucky; Cameron Miller, Ohio, and J. A. Crawford, of Illinois, were elected members of the executive board.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 159
Saturday, April 21, 1894, Page 1
The Great Coal Operatives' Strike.
In Illinois.
      Springfield, Ill., April 21. -- Three thousand miners in this district and 5,000 in the Braidwood district struck at noon. It is expected 20,000 will be idle in Illinois by Monday.
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Warren County Democrat, Monmouth, Illinois
Volume 7, Number 32
Thursday, April 26, 1894, Page 2
Bituminous Output Nearly Stopped by Striking of the Workers.
      Three-fourths of all the miners of bituminous coal in Ohio, Pennsylvania. West Virginia, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Maryland, Missouri, Colorado and Indian Territory at noon Saturday laid down their tools and inaugurated the biggest strike ever known in the United States according to President. McBride of the United Mine Workers of America. He estimates that 132,000 out of 180,000 miners have stopped work. It is conceded that 50,000 miners, unorganized, did not go out, but it is believed at headquarters they will join. It is understood many operators in Ohio, Illinois and Indians, and a fair proportion of those in Pennsylvania and West Virginia are willing to meet the miners, and hope is entertained that the strike will not be of long duration. Disinterested persons, pointing out the fact that the demand for coal is not large now, express some fears as to the success of the strike.
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Bureau County Tribune, Princeton, Bureau County, Illinois
Volume 22, Number 39
Friday, April 27, 1894, Page 10
Trouble Is Expected at Toluca
-- The Situation in Illinois.
      LaSalle, III., April 26. -- The committee having returned from Toluca with a report that the miners will not quit work, it was decided at a meeting held here last evening to march over in a body to Toluca today and use force if necessary. It is expected there will be between 2,000 and 3,000 men from LaSalle. Peru, Oglesby, Spring Valley, Seaton, Ladd and Laceyville in line. All is quiet here now.
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      Springfield, Ill., April 26. -- The situation in the miners' strike looks less favorable for the strikers. Men at several mines are at work, only eight mines out of twenty in the Springfield subdistrict being closed. At Taylorville 50 miners struck because operators wanted to reduce their wages. At Pana 350 men are on strike. The mines of the Consolidated Coal company are in full operation.
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      Minonk, Ill, April 26. -- Now that the Rutland miners have gone out all of the places of any importance in this district are on a strike. The Rutland men to the number of 100 went out yesterday through sympathy with the general strike.
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      Peoria, Ill., April 26. -- There was consternation among coal dealers here this morning when it became known that several hundred men along the T. P. & W. who have been working since Saturday, had gone on strike. The coal supply is already running short.
Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 17
Friday, April 27, 1894, Page 2
Strike General at Springfield.
      Springfield, April 23. -- [Special.] -- The miners' strike in this district will prove general. Nearly 330 of tho 600 men are now out and many of the others will quit tomorrow. The operators express no anxiety over the situation, as they have good stocks on hand and the demand at this season is always light, and all the more so when so many factories are idle.
Peoria Miners.
      Peoria. April 23. -- The striking miners of Peoria county held a mass meeting this morning, at which they resolved to slay out for a week. The miners along the Peoria & Pekin Union and Toledo, Peoria & Western railways, who are still working, are expected to go out. Not more than half of the men in the district struck.
Riot at La Salle.
      La Salle, Ill., April 23. -- A mob of 1,500 men from tho neighboring towns marched on La Salle today to prevent the men here from going to work, and a riot was precipitated in which a number of local miners wore badly bruised. Fritz Kieling's condition is serious and Michael Begley was severely pummeled. A majority of the miners who intended to go out into the pit were scared out and those who attempted to do so were roughly handled. A very few if any Americans were among the mob, and a majority of them were armed with daggers and revolvers, though they were not used.

Bureau County Tribune, Princeton, Bureau County, Illinois
Volume 22, Number 40
Friday, May 4, 1894, Page 4
The Spring Valley Army Went To Toluca.
      An army of about 8000 miners from Spring Valley, La Salle and Streator, with wagons carrying supplies, marched to Toluca last Friday to drive the miners out of the mines. Toluca is 28 miles south of Spring Valley and is manager Devlin's new mining town, on the Santa Fe, in Marshall county, Knowing that there would be riot and bloodshed if his men were found in the mines Mr. Devlin had given orders the night before for them not to go in, and had called for militia. Acting Gov. Gill refused to order out the troops, but went himself. When the army arrived about 10 o'clock Friday morning it found everything quiet and the miners at their homes. So it listened to speeches and drank beer, and agreed return home if given transportation, and Manager Devlin sent a train, carrying them back to Spring Valley via. Streator.
      About one-half of the 300 miners at Toluca are negroes who refuse to strike, They say they will return to work whenever ordered, and Devlin says he will set them to work and the Spring Valley strikers say he shall not.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 18
Friday, May 4, 1894, Page 1
Decatur Men Decide to Join the Strike Through Sympathy.
      Decatur, May 8. -- [Special.] -- A. largely attended meeting of Decatur miners was held tonight at the Daugherty Hall, to take action on suspending work here in sympathy with the strike inaugurated by the United Mine Workers. The Decatur men are not in the union, but they stand together solidly. They have no grievance. In Decatur the miners receive 53 and 56 cents per ton, at Lincoln 51 cents, at Springfield and Tayiorville 35 cents, and at Pana 28 cents. The pay has been so low at Springfield that during the past winter half the men with large families have been kept at the expense of the coal companies. Many of the men who have been out of work just a week are living off of greens gathered on the commons. Today it has been extremely lively at the two mines. Coal was hauled away in wagons and carts us rapidly as it could he brought to the top.
      The city water works has a supply to last a month. At a meeting tonight ten representatives from Springfield and one from Taylorville were present to talk to them. Some of the men are professional agitators and organizers. One of the men stated that if the coal miners failed in their purpose President Crawford would call on the American federation and tie up all the railroads in the country. He said the railroads were paying 60 to 90 cents a ton for coal and that if they paid a fair price the miners would get better wages, it is the general impression that the miners will vote to suspend work and possibly a union organization will be effected. Notice will be served on the coal company in the morning before leaving the mines. This evening every gallery was left in good shape to stand a month. Everything is quiet.
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Edwardsville Miners Quit.
      St. Louis, May 3. -- The latest addition to the ranks of quitters is at Edwardsille, Ill., today, when about 200 men stopped work, induced by crusaders from the striking districts. At Mt. Olive 100 men quit, and it is considered probable that every mine in St. Louis territory will be closed within the next ten days. Coal is still being produced at Carlinville in Muddy Valley, where 1,000 men are employed, and at Sandoval with 400 miners and some smaller mines.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 18
Friday, May 4, 1894, Page 2
Centralia Miners Decide to Go Out
-- Sandoval Refuses.
      Centralia, Ill., April 30. -- Four hundred more miners employed in two mines here will come out tonight and join in the strike. Every effort, both on the part of the citizens and the mine owners, was exercised to continue work, but in vain. The Centralia miners admit that they are satisfied with their work and pay, but influence was brought to bear upon them by the vice president of the state federation, who has been here two days and has resulted in bringing the men to the top on the sympathy plea. It is not thought that more than two dozen will go to work tomorrow, most of whom are negroes.
      An attempt was made to create a strike at Sandoval, six miles north of here, but the men voted against the move three to one.
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Effect of the Strike at Springfield.
      Springfield, April 30. -- [Special.] -- The 200 miners employed in the two mines at Virden in this county, quit work today, and work is practically suspended in this district. Thus far there has been no famine, but stocks are running low. The local brick plants are in the worst plight of anyone, and may have to shut down just at a time when there is a brisk demand for their product. They intend to use oil for fuel unless the strike is soon settled. It is estimated that there will be a demand for 30,000,000 brick here this season. There is a great deal of paving to be done, a number of brick blocks to be erected, and the new buildings at the state fair grounds will consume a great number.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 18
Friday, May 4, 1894, Page 5
Acting Governor Gill Calms the Minds of the Crusading Miners at Toluca.
They Return Home
-- The Toluca Miners Hold a Meeting and Decide to Strike.
Midnight Reports Show That Rioting Has Commenced and Several Men Are Wounded.
      Toluca, Ill., April 28. -- 1 a. m. -- Rioting broke out here tonight owing to the refusal of some of the miners to quit work. Before the deputies interfered three men are known to have been wounded and others were taken away by their friends. The doctors say none of the injured wore fatally hurt.
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The Day at Toluca.
      Toluca, Ill., April 27. -- Four thousand striking miners from LaSalle, Peru, Oglesby, Ladd, Jones, Seatonville, Laceyville and Streator marched into this town at daylight this morning. There were a dozen bands in the procession, which marched through the town before it carne to a halt. To avoid the possibility of an encounter between the miners who have been working here and the strikers, Manager Devlin shut down the works last night and Sheriff Lenz used his influence with the saloon-keepers with the result that they all agreed to keep their places tightly closed.
      As the miners filed into town they were met by the citizens, and, although they were footsore and weary, they had not lost any enthusiasm. Most of the colored miners that work here left for other places last night to avoid a skirmish, and they likely will not return until the army leaves town.
      As soon as the men arrived they assembled on the commons near Superintendent Duggans' house, but adjourned again until 11 o'clock to await the arrival of the army from Streator and Kangley. This wing arrived at 10 o'clock, having marched all the way from Streator. A few minutes previous to their arrival Lieut. Gov. Gill, President J. A. Crawford and vice-President James W. Murray arrived in a special train from Joliet.
      A conference then took a place between the men and Charles J. Devlin in the latter's private car. The miners' officials wanted Mr. Devlin to address the miners, but he declined, saying that he had not invited them here, and consequently had no desire to address them. The meeting was called to order by Chairman O'Connor of Spring Valley, and was addressed by Messrs. Gill, Crawford and Murray, who counseled peace, and urged the army to leave the Toluca miners to decide for themselves. Finally this was agreed upon, and Mr. Devlin arranged for a special train to take the army home.
      When Lieut.-Gov. Gill was introduced to the assemblage of 7,000 miners he opened his address by reading the telegrams that he had received from Sheriff Long and the replies he had sent in answer to them, giving it as his opinion that the ordering out of the militia was unnecessary. He said he knew the situation was not as serious as the sheriff had represented it to be, and further stated that he had every confidence in the miners not making a hostile demonstration. Continuing, he said:
"Gentlemen: You are well aware of my mission here. I came here personally to view the situation and have found you as I thought you were, peaceably assembled and not of a disposition to destroy property or take life, as I was informed by the sheriff of this county in dispatches last, night. I do not believe those telegrams emanated from him originally, but that he was misinformed and the facts terribly exaggerated to him. I have come here today to declare peace and to plead with you not to attempt any violence or destruction of property. When I refused to send state troops I had every confidence that you would not, and now I hope you will reciprocate my friendly feeling toward you by upholding the dignity and institutions of the state by quietly going home and allow the miners of this place to settle their own affairs in a way that is acceptable to them. If you persist in remaining here and make any attempt at hostilities, as the acting executive of the state. I can do nothing but my duty, and you all know what that is. You are not demagogues and I am not here posing as your friend, and I think you know by my actions in the last legislature that I am in sympathy with you, for which you owe me nothing.
      "I now ask you as American citizens to uphold the supremacy and dignity of the state. I came here to plead with you to do so, and I trust you will. I was not justified in sending troops here until there was a riotous proceeding. I believe your visit there was based upon just grounds, and I can see nothing you have done that will cast a reflection upon you. I will confer with the Toluca men if you wish and use moral persuasion to get their assistance to your cause, and if they will help you, return to your homes peaceably, and if they will not. return in the same manner anyway. But if you attempt to use force my only duty is to call out the militia and protect the people of this place against your invasion. This is your opportunity to prove to the public that you can peaceably march through the country and assemble for things that are most laudable and commendable, and I sincerely hope you will take advantage of it."

      J. A. Crawford, president of the United Mine Workers of Illinois, next addressed the assemblage. He said the miners were not striking, out that they simply suspended work until such time as the operators were willing to go into a conference with the miners and adjust the scale of prices. He said the suspension was as much to the interest of the operators as it was to the miners.
      At 1 o'clock this afternoon the army boarded the thirty flat cars bound for Streator over the Santa Fe. At Streator the army will go to LaSalle and Spring Valley by the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy. The people of this vicinity feel much easier since its departure, and the excitement has died down. The Toluca miners called a meeting for 4 o'clock this afternoon to decide upon the question of returning to work. The men were nearly equally divided on the question but finally the motion to suspend work immediately prevailed, and was voted upon. It was carried by such a slight majority that a movement is expected by many to rescind the action. The colored men have told on the streets today that they were willing to take out their tools if the whites were. Mr. Devlin says that if his miners quit he will import negroes from Florida to work in the mines. If the miners here do not return to work and any such attempt is made trouble is sure to come.
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Gov. Gill to the Rescue.
      Springfield, April 27. --[Special.] -- Gov.Gill, who as at Toluca. has evidently succeeded in calming the invading miners, and telegraphs to Hon. E. A. Snively that the trouble there is settled and he will return home tonight. Gov. Gill was the miners' candidate for lieutenant-governor and has great influence with the men. It is believed to have been a fortunate circumstance that he was occupying the executive chair instead of Altgeld at this juncture.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 18
Friday, May 4, 1894, Page 6
Lincoln Men Consider Whether to Join the Strike or Not.
      Lincoln, May 1. -- [Special.] -- Last night the miners of the South shaft held a meeting at which it was decided to call a mass meeting of all miners. This meeting was held this afternoon at 2 o'clock in the circuit court room. About 200 miners were present from the Lincoln Coal Company and the Citizens' Coal Company shafts. Frank Fitzpatrick was elected president of the meeting. After discussing the situation it was decided to suspend work until next Thursday, when it is expected that the vice president of the United Mine Workers will be here and address the miners. Everything is entirely quiet, as there is no local issue, but the strike has been declared out of sympathy with the national movement. The miners at the Lincoln Coal Company shaft went out Monday noon. Those at the Citizens' Coal Company shaft went out this morning. There is practically no coal stored in the city, and a famine must quickly ensue if the strike is protracted.
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Miners Moving.
      Pana, Ill., May 1. -- Great excitement, was caused here this morning by various reports that large bodies of miners from Springfield were coming here to take out the miners and stop work at this place.
      The strikers reached Taylorville, sixteen miles northwest, last night and took possession of a freight and refused to get off or pay fare. The train master ordered the train to a siding and in a short time the strikers abandoned the train and started for a distant water tank, intending to board a passenger train. The passenger train, under orders, did not stop for water, and the strikers were baffled a second time.
      Mayor Hayward ordered all the saloons closed and a large force of deputy policemen were sworn in and armed.
      The miners have have only had about half time during the past winter, and now that they have a chance to get even with the world they propose to work if they have to spill blood to do so.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 18
Friday, May 4, 1894, Page 9
The Employes ot the McLean County Coal Company Will Take a Rest.
      -- For some days past there have been rumors that the miners of the McLean County Coal Company were intending to strike. Last night the men reached a decision, and they will this morning clean up their work and take out their tools. Yesterday a delegate came here from the Spring Valley district. He was en route to Lincoln to organize a union of miners there, and hearing that the men intended holding a meeting here he attended it. Nearly all of the 325 men employed by the company were present. The decision to quit work was unanimous. Pit Boss Radford was present, and after the decision was reached asked the men to stay in long enough to drive some entries, but they refused to do this. Several of the miners said night that they had no quarrel with the company and that the strike was purely based upon sympathy and against the existing conditions. They think the consumers are not paying quite enough for coal to allow the operators to pay the wages that should be paid. One or two seemed dissatisfied with the wages. The men here get 60 cents a ton, as against 77 cents in the Spring Valley, district, which they think is not just, the size of the vein being considered. It was stated at the meeting last night that the Bloomington mine was the only one in operation in the state yesterday.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 173
Wednesday, May 9, 1894, Page 1
Miners in Vice President Stevenson's Colliery Join the Majority.
      Bloomington, Ills., May 9 --The miners employed in the McLean county coal mine, Vice President Stevenson's, who recently joined in the great strike, met and joined the United Mine Workers' Association of America, This has been a non-union mine for several years, and when they struck they did so out of sympathy for the striking miners rather than for any grievance against the company. There are already nearly 200 men in the newly organized union. One hundred cars of Kansas coal were received here. Of this the city gets a part, and with hard coal will be able to run the electric lighting plant indefinitely. This is a great relief to the people, as the city has been in darkness for several nights.
      The miners employed in the Colfax Coal and Mining company at Colfax, this county, joined the strike. It is said this is the last mine in Illinois to join the strike. There were about 100 men working in this mine.
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One Hundred and Sixty-Five Thousand of Them Strike for Living Wages
      COLUMBUS, O., May 4. -- The great miners' strike is spreading, and reliable information received by President McBride is to the effect that 5,000 more miners are out now than ever before since the strike was inaugurated. There are now 105,000 men in voluntary idleness as a result of the strike for living wages.
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Meanwhile outside of Illinois :
True Republican, Sycamore, De Kalb County, Illinois
Wednesday, May 9, 1894, Page 1
Coke Strikers Led by Their Wives Charge Upon the Deputies
      UNIONTOWN, Pa., May 7. - Friday was a day of bullets and axes and the wildest lawlessness reigned. In a daylight battle at the Painter plant fifteen Hungarians were shot, several fatally, and at least three dead comrades are thought to have been carried off the battlefield and buried secretly. Superintendent Sanford White, of the Painter plant, and E. B. Roddy, bookkeeper at the same works, were horribly beaten and both are lying at the point of death. Sixty-three Slavs are now in jail charged with rioting.
      By contract with the McClure company thirty workmen reported for duty at the Painter mines. The report spread among the strikers and about daybreak they began gathering on the common. There were many women in the crowd.
      A charge was made with the women in front, the men daring the deputies to open fire on them. They were soon in the yards, regardless of the presence of the deputies, and sweeping everything before them.
      In the first conflict fully ten Hungarians fell to the ground and were carried away to their settlement, while a great many were injured by flying missiles. The sight of the wounded and the dying falling at their sides only infuriated the mob, which rushed on the deputies like wild men and women.
      Deputy Sheriffs Mat Allen and John Richards took a posse of deputies and started at once for the scene of the riots. They found the men and women all in the houses, and without meeting the least opposition arrested sixty-three of those who composed the mob. They were brought to jail here under the protection of twenty-five Winchesters. In the gang of prisoners were twelve women and ten children. At the time of the trouble thirty men were at work, all of whom have since quit. The works are idle.

True Republican, Sycamore, De Kalb County, Illinois
Wednesday, May 9, 1894, Page 1

      PANA. Ill., May 3. -- As a result of the arrival here of the body of union miners from Taylorville and Edinburg Tuesday night the miners held a mass meeting Wednesday morning, which was largely attended, and a strike was declared at the four mines of Pana by a two-thirds majority. Mayor Hayward has issued a proclamation warning the strikers not to interfere with anyone desiring to work and that he would use all of his official power to give such men protection.
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Only Six Mines at Work
      ST. LOUIS, May 6. -- The reports received from the mining districts of Illinois in the vicinity of this city show that but six mines are now being operated -- Staunton No. 6, Clyde, Gillespie, Sandoval, Odin and Bunker Hill. The net result of the crusade of strikers Thursday was the stopping of work in No. 7, Breese, Trenton, Troy, Brookside, Hillsboro, Coffeen and Carlinville mines.
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      BLOOMINGTON, Ill., May 5. -- The 350 miners of the McLean County Coal company struck Friday.
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True Republican, Sycamore, De Kalb County, Illinois
Wednesday, May 9, 1894, Page 4
It Is Growing So Short as to Seriously Affect Many Interests..
      CHICAGO, May 7. -- The soft coal famine is beginning to be seriously felt in Chicago and some of the surrounding towns as well. Coal that ten days ago was practically a drug in the market at $3.75 a ton is eagerly sought for at $5 a ton, and it is claimed by some dealers that as high as $5.50 has been obtained for small quantities.
      It is learned on good authority that the Illinois Central, the Rock Island and the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railroads are desperately pushed for want of coal.
      With one or two exceptions all the western railroads are more or less seriously affected. It will not be at all surprising if before the end of this week some of the roads will be practically tied up, at least so far as their freight traffic is concerned.
      The famine is also making itself felt among the factories and large office buildings of the city. Some of these foresaw the trouble which was to follow the strike and protected themselves by laying in a supply which would last for a few weeks.
      From the offices of the various dealers it is learned that towns in the interior of this state, Iowa and Michigan are seriously short of soft coal. Among the towns mentioned are Elgin, Kankakee, Bloomington, Streator, Galesburg and Decatur.
      It is openly charged that the strike and the consequent high prices are the result of a conspiracy on the part of the coal operators of Ohio and western Pennsylvania. It is said that these operators have for some time past been running at full capacity and storing the product at convenient points. Wages were then reduced for the purpose of precipitating a strike of the miners, the operators feeling sure that when the miners in their employ went out those in Illinois, West Virginia and all over the state of Pennsylvania would do likewise in order to help out their brethren. With the supply cut off the operators have been able to force the price up to the famine point, and they are now taking advantage of the demand and unload at a handsome profit. In this way the operators are doing business the same as before the strike took place and the general public is the sufferer.
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Warren County Democrat, Monmouth, Illinois
Volume 7, Number 34
Thursday, May 10, 1894 , Page 7
The Coal Miners' Strike.
      Toluca may settle the coal mining strike so far as the Northern District of Illinois is concerned. The minors, a large majority of them at least, are determined to work, regardless of the wishes of Spring Valley, LaSalle, and Streator. They had another meeting, and all but forty-five of the white men decided to return to their labors. The colored men, 135 in number, came out and said they were going whether any of the white miners did or not. President Davis assured the men the company would do in its power for their protection. He relies on the word of Acting Governor Gill to furnish such protection if again called upon to do so. The latter promised that he would call out an armed force if the miners wore interfered with. All minors except those at Muddy Valley in Halliday's mines are now out in Jackson County; 475 men of the Carterville Coal Company, of St. Louis and the Big Muddy and Fredonia mines went out to day. All miners on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad are now out. The road has a month's of coal. About 1,500 miners employed in the sixty-six coal mines of St. Clair County quit work. The men at Fairbury are still at work, and from present indications they will not join the strikers.
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Warren County Democrat, Monmouth, Illinois
Volume 7, Number 34
Thursday, May 10, 1894 , Page 7
The Flocking of Miners at Staunton, III., Alarms the People, Who Fear Trouble.
The Governor Orders the Militia in Readiness to Hasten to the Scene.
      Springfield, May 9. -- [Special.] -- About 8:30 this morning Gov. Altgeld received a message from Sheriff J. H. O'Neill, of Macoupin county, stating that some 1,200 men from Virden, Girard, Nilwood and other mining towns in that vicinity had assembled at Staunton, that county, for the purpose of compelling the miners in shafts Nos. 6 and 7 to cease work, and asking for a company of state troops to maintain order. He admitted that no violence had been committed, and Gov. Altgeld declined to send troops, believing such action unwarranted, but dispatched Assistant Adjutant General Bayle to the scene.
      Prom advices sent by Gen. Bayle this evening it seems that over a thousand men gathered at Girard yesterday afternoon and seized a Chicago & Alton local freight train, preparatory to making the trip to Staunton, but the engineer refused to pull the train out, and after addresses by the city marshal and prominent citizens of the place, they abandoned the train and marched overland to Staunton, A number of extra deputies were sworn in and preparations made for trouble, but at the last reports the men were inclined to be peaceable.
      The working miners were addressed by the leaders of the strikers this afternoon, and it is thought that most of the men will quit work. This evening many of the miners had returned home, and no further trouble is feared.
      Peter McBride, national president of the United Mine Workers of America, arrived in Staunton tonight and addressed the strikers, counseling peace and law abiding. At 10:30 o'clock tonight Assistant Adjutant General Bayle telegraphed Gov. Attgeld that the Staunton miners would go to work tomorrow morning under the protection of the sheriff, and the strikers are camped on the public square tonight.
      Charles Ridgely, president, J. C. Simpson, general manager, Thomas R. Stocken, engineer, and J. B. Hebenstrett, superintendent, held a private conference at the latter's residence this evening with Crawford and McBride, of the United Mine Workers' Union, and after a prolonged argument the following agreement was arrived at: "To all visiting miners who are encamped at Staunton, the miners are to be entirely free from interference or control on either side. If they vote to work they are to be allowed to do so. if they vote to suspend they are free to do so.
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Must Be Ready to Go.
      Decatur, May 9. -- [Special.] -- This afternoon Lieut.-Col. Frank Wills, of the Fifth regiment, was notified that seven companies of the regiment had been wired to hold themselves for immediate duty, and the Decatur guards are all included in the order. The guards fully equipped for the journey are now at the Armory waiting for marching orders. The expectation is that they will go to Staunton or Pana to put a stop lo the strike trouble. It is a duty not relished, but every man will obey orders as they did at East St. Louis in 1887.
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Lincoln Militia Notified.
      Lincoln, May 9. -- [Special.] -- Company G, of the state militia, have received orders from Adjt.-Gen. Orendorff to be in readiness to answer a call to march at a moment's notice.
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Roanoke Mines Close.
      Eureka, May 10. -- [Special.] -- Reports reports received from Roanoke, seven miles northeast of here, show that the strike in the mine will have quite a serious effect the business men of the towns, as they rely to a considerable extent on the miners for their trade. At a meeting of the operators held Wednesday, the miners were ordered to take their tools and to call for the money due them. There is no prospect of their going back to work at this time. The strike was caused by sympathy with other mines, and there was no dissatisfaction, apparently, with the company. They are in very poor condition to stand a strike at this time, and it is feared considerable suffering will be caused if the strike should prove of long duration. The number of men thrown out of employment is about 350. No violence has been threatened and none is expected. The company will not be likely to attempt to secure men to fill their places.
      The coal famine that has been felt so seriously in Bloomington has also been felt to some extent here. As the Roanoke mines, from which the greater part of the coal used here is brought, are shut down, the brick factory's orders with that company could not be filled, and they were forced to stop the burning of their kilns of brick. They are able to use wood in their boilers, and the electric lights and water works are run as usual. Aside from the slight inconvenience caused the ordinary household, no other trouble is reported.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 19
Friday, May 11, 1894, Page 8
The McLean County Coal Company's Miners Quit Work and the Machinery Is Still. Why the Miners Struck and What They Say
-- The Effects of the Strike on Local Affairs.
      The principal talk all over the city Friday was the strike at the coal mine and its effects on business locally and in general. It is a very peculiar strike in that there is no hard feeling whatever between the men and the proprietors or rather between employes and employer. The miners seem to have only the kindest feelings towards the owners and bosses, as do also the latter towards the workmen.
      To get down to the real source of the trouble, a Pantagraugher Friday interviewed a number ot the miners as they came out of the mine, not to return until the present strike is settled in some way. These miners, by the way, are generally quite intelligent men, most of them being Sweeds and Germans. Most of them own homes here and they are generally a frugal, industrious and quiet set of men. Many of them are church members and the two Swedish churches here are largely attended and supported by coal miners. They are mostly way above the average miners in industry, sobriety and frugality, but all insist that they have been receiving too small wages to support themselves and families.
      One of the miners said about as follows: "We have no fault to find with the company. They are probably paying us as much as they can afford at the price they are getting for coal in large lots. This is just the whole trouble. In order to meet competition this company has put down the price of coal to the big corporations until the life is just squeezed out of the miners. For whenever any of the coal companies get a big contract at a low price they cut down the wages of the miners. What we want is that the coal companies should establish prices and then stick to them.
      "I understand that the Chicago & Alton has been getting some of its coal as low as 75 cents per ton, possibly not from the McLean County Coal Company, but from some companies. Any one knows that a company that gets only 75 cents for a ton of coal can afford to pay its men but mighty small wages. In common with all other miners in the state, we ask that matters be arranged so that ourselves and our families need not be compelled to suffer in order that the public, and especially the big corporations, can get coal cheaper than it can be produced. It makes very little difference to the general public whether it pays 10, 15, 25 or even 50 cents more for a ton of coal, but it makes all the difference between poverty and a competency to us.
      "We also want a new scale of wages. This naturally follows our first proposition. As long as the mine owners are cutting prices right and left they cannot afford to pay us living wages. But if the owners get together and fix a fair living price for coal and hold to it, they then could afford to pay us better wages. We now get 50 cents per ton for second vein, which is four feet thick and 90 cents for third vein, which is a little less than three feet. It is hard work, lying on one's back, and side, or any way. We have to keep our roadway open six feet wide and seven, feet high. We also have to, pick out about six inches of soap stone from the bottom, for all of which, of course, we receive nothing.
      "In 'headings' we sometimes make excellent wages, and the best men have been known to earn as high as $25 per week, but the average wages are way, way below that. During the past winter we have only averaged $1 per day, or possibly $1.25. We have had work only part of the time, and but few men have earned more than $5 to $6 per week all winter. We cannot live on this. We work hard and we want our wives and little children to have enough to eat."
      Another miner said: "A car such as we have in the mines holds a ton of coal, or some run a little over. For some time past two ordinary men have only been enabled to get out two cars of coal a day. The best men have gotten out only four cars, which would bring us only 60 cents per day in the first instance and $1.20 in the second. We ask for a new scale of wages that will enable us to support our families. We may as well quit work and starve as to work and still starve. Seventy-five cents a ton would be none too much. The price of coal is too low to allow us to live. The public, I am sure, will be willing to pay a fair price for coal rather than that we should suffer. It is the big corporations, however, of which we complain. They get coal very cheap and we, the workmen, have to suffer that they may make money. We can no longer stand it, and so have skipped work. We are good American citizens, and propose to act like good citizens, but we want fair living wages."
      It was a busy scene at the mine yesterday. All of the miners were at work cleaning out their rooms and when that was done, came up in groups of twos and threes, or of half a dozen, and with picks went quietly home. Some men worked until 6 o'clock and a dozen or so will work this morning. As fast as the coal comes up a dozen men after it. Long strings of wagons were awaiting their turns and at night a number were left without any coal. The miners, as they came up, were invariably pleasant, and there were no symptoms of hard feelings or anger. They say they are striking for a principle and mean to hold out until they get what they are asking for.
      At 3:30 all of the men had left the third vein and the cages were sent down for the mules, which will now be turned out to pasture. The first mule to come up had been down there eight years and was quite blind when he reached terra firma. The other animals had been down shorter lengths of time, but none less than eight months. They acted as if dazed by the light and brightness, and hardly appeared as if they enjoyed life to any great extent.
      The strike of the miners will doubtless last, at least, until the inter-state conference is held at Cleveland, O., on the 15th inst. Not only the miners are affected, but of course the helpers and laborers as well. These latter do not like the strike very well, but of course cannot help themselves. Not all of the miners were in favor of the strike, but preferred a half loaf to no bread. Still the large majority favor it.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 19
Friday, May 11, 1894, Page 9
Manager Graham Decides to Go On With the Repairs In the Shaft.
      -- Manager Graham Thursday resolved to brave the wrath of the striking coal miners and put "company" men to work in the mine doing repair and renovation work and, in a general way, cleaning up the shaft and putting it in order and readiness for the resumption of business so soon as the strike is declared off. The Miners' Union consented to the employment of five or six "company" men, but no more, while Mr. Graham insisted that he wanted to put thirty men at least to work and pledged that they should dig no coal and that the gang should be changed often, so as to give all the men a chance. Yesterday he put six men to work, and will add to the force today and further, until he has many men as are required. He asserts that there is neither sense nor justice in the attitude of the miners in regard to the working of "company" men, and that he is determined that the necessary work shall be done. He would be pleased to have the miners consent to his proposition, but, if they won't, he proposes to do the work just the same. The miners held a secret meeting at Trade's Assembly hall yesterday afternoon, but what action was taken was not made public. One of the things which he wishes to do is to make excavation in the shaft for new work at the underground fan. He also wishes to take steps to guard against the spread of fire in tho "gob," or debris which has been burning for some time past and which it is impossible to extinguish. This must, he says, be walled in and otherwise checked. He asserts that this work cannot be properly done while the shaft is in working order and that now is the very time to do the work.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 185
Thursday, May 24, 1894, Page 2
Situation at Breese, Ills.
      Breese, Ills., May 24. -- The miners encamped near the Consolidated mines at this point are still here and are in regular receipt of provisions. They declare that they will stay to the end of the strike if necessary. No effort, has been made to start the mine as yet, but new deputy sheriffs are being sworn in.
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Bureau County Tribune, Princeton, Bureau County, Illinois
Volume 22, Number 43
Friday, May 25, 1894
The Coal Strike and Riots.
      The Cleveland conference was a failure and the great coal strike is still on. The miners are growing desperate and there have been riots at La Salle, and a dozen other points in this state, while the same condition of affairs exists in all other coal states. From LaSalle south through central and southern Illinois thousands of striking Huns, Poles and Italians are marching to and fro armed with knives, revolvers and clubs, carrying it is said, bottles of whiskey, in their pockets and sometimes in their hands, driving miners out of the mines. It seems there is no uniformity in the wages paid by the different companies. Some pay fair wages and their men do not want to strike; others have advanced wages and their men want to go back to to work. It is admitted by a great many operators that wages are too low and that men cannot live on the wages paid by some of the companies. The strikers hope to force all operators to a uniform scale by producing a coal famine. Many shops have had to shut down, and the city waterworks, at Des Moines, will be forced to shut down this week, depriving the city of water and fire protection. In several Illinois towns, where miners are working, the citizens and miners have armed themselves and swear to fight the strikers who are massing to march against them. Dispatches to the Chicago papers, Wednesday, said that fires were raging in the Spring Valley mines, and that the miners of that place and of Ladd were preparing to make the miners quit work at Sheffield.
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Company at Spring Valley Asks Permission to Save His Property, but the Request is Refused
-- Men to be imported at Any Cost.
      Spring Valley, III., May 19. -- Numbers 1, 2 and 4, of the Spring Valley Coal Company mines in this city, are on fire at the bottom, and the company this morning asked the strikers to allow men to go to work extinguishing the flames. A meeting was called, and by a close vote it was decided to not allow a man down the shaft.
      The meeting was about to adjourn when Vice president James W. Murray, of the state miners' organization arrived from the Cleveland conference. Mr. Murray's home is in this city, and his influence with the men is great. As soon as he learned of the situation and how the men voted, he addressed them and advised a reconsideration of the vote. He said by taking such action it was putting a club in the operators' hands by which the miners' cause would be defeated, He said the miners should go to work and put out the fires, and that if they allowed the flames to get much headway it would be a year before they could be worked, with a possibility of their utter destruction. When Mr. Murray finished the miners adjourned without reconsidering the vote and the French anarchists set up a shout of "let them burn!' "tear them down!" etc., and left the meeting in a rush. The company is determined to have the fire extinguished if it has to import men. In this event there will likely be trouble. The foreign miners are very hot-headed and terribly agitated, but the English speaking miners are all in favor of putting out the fire, but, as they are in the minority, they cannot control. Twenty men started for work this morning at the fire, but the arrival of 200 Italians and French altered their plans.
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      Spring Valley. III., May 20. -- The foreign miners who yesterday voted to let the fires in Nos. 1 and 4 shafts burn, and to prevent any efforts on the part of the operators to put them out, have at last listened to the appeals of J. W. Murray, state vice president, who urged them to reconsider their hasty action. This morning fifty men were allowed to go down to fight the lire. A mass meeting for this district will be held here Tuesday afternoon to devise means to make Pana and Assumption miners join them. Manager Dalzell is absent on a business trip.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 186
Friday, May 25, 1894, Page 1
Situation Today in Various Illinois Mining Regions
Militia on Hand in Two Localities.
Mass Meeting at LaSalle.
      LaSalle, May 25. -- Mayor Matheson presided at a mass meeting of miners today and urged them instead of using violence, to liberate the imprisoned miners, to appoint a committee to visit the city attorney and take legal steps to secure the prisoners release, as any other policy attempted in the presence of the state militia must result disastrously for the miners. The advice was greeted with cheers and a committee sent to Attorney Koss. The militia arrived at 10:40 and is now at Rockwell, just east of the city limits, in the vicinity of the LaSalle coal shaft.
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The Imprisoned Men at Centralia.
      Centralia, May 25. -- The 88 men arrested for engaging in the riot at Odin yesterday, were closely guarded at the armory here during the night. Two companies of militia arrived this morning and were added to the force guarding the armory. Three more are expected this afternoon. Up to noon not the slightest disturbance had occurred. Three attorneys from Duquoin arrived to defend the imprisoned miners, whose trial is set for this afternoon.
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Mission Field Miners Are Out.
      Danville, Ills., May 25. -- The crisis has passed here and the Mission Field miners have not only quit but were organized into a lodge by President Crawford of the United Mine Workers of Illinois. There was no bloodshed but the Mission Field miners were so intimidated that they were glad to quit. Two of them who were caught outside of lines were badly hammered. The striking miners returned to this city highly elated over their victory.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 186
Friday, May 25, 1894, Page 2
Coal Strike Turbulence is on the Increase.
Property Worth $5,0OO Destroyed at Centralia
-- An Attack on Odin Headed Off and Would-Be Assailants Arrested
-- Preparing for Trouble at Pana
-- Decatur Threatened
--Shaft Raided at La Salle and Several Persons Wounded
-- Call for the Operators to Meet.
      Spring Valley Ills., May 25. -- A crowd of foreigners surrounded No. 1 shaft for the purpose of stopping the men at work on the fire. This makes the second time this has been attempted right in the face of a mass meeting of miners disapproving of such action. Alderman O'Brien, a miner who is quite popular with the foreigners here, went among them and in quite forcible language told them to go to their homes and quit congregating at the shafts; that they were greatly injuring their cause. His arguments had a good effect and the mob dispersed. A Pole was caught later in the act of throwing a stone at No. 1 tower. He was arrested and placed in the city jail.
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Released by a Polish Mob.
      In the evening a mob of infuriated Poles and Lithuanians marched to the jail and released the prisoner. Later the police force attempted to arrest the ringleaders of the mob in the Polish district, but they were set upon by another gang armed with knives and missiles. One officer was struck on the arm by a flying stone. A Polish woman brandished a revolver and defied the police. Mayor Jackson has issued orders to the police not to make the arrests until the excitement has died down. The Knights of Labor of this city held a meeting and in consequence following circular was posted up:
Advice to the Miners.
      "MINERS: Advices from the executive board of the United Mine Workers of America urge the miners of Spring Valley to allow the fires in the mines to be put out and to allow any and all men who desire to work at the fire to do so. Liberty Assembly No 8,617, of Spring Valley passed a resolution to the above effect and advise all men to stay away from the mines, unless at work at the fire and keep within the bounds of the law."
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Some Mobocratic Developments at Centralia and Other Places.
      Centralia, Ills., May 25. -- The city has been in a state of intense excitement all day over the mine troubles that began here at 4:30 in the morning in the destruction of the property of the Big Four mine by about 350 Duquoin and St. Johns' miners, who came here on an I. C. freight to suppress work at this mine. After the mob had destroyed about $5,000 worth of the company's property it left the city and two miles north of here separated into two gangs, one party to Sandoval and the other to Odin. The mines are running at Odin and it was expected that destruction of property would follow their arrival there. Sheriff Helms swore in about 125 deputies and after arming the posse chartered an I. C. train and sped to Sandoval, where the west gang was overhauled already headed for Odin.
      The train was quickly transferred to the B. and O. track and the deputies reached Odin a few minutes in advance of the two branches of the mob. On leaving the train at Odin the deputies marched out and met the miners about half a mile out of town. They were surrounded and a few shots fired, but no harm done. A portion of the mob surrendered and the remainder fled. The capture composed about eighty men, who were brought here by a squad of deputies and placed under guard at the Opera house. Another squad was brought to the city later, and in all there are about 100 of the miners under arrest here. Threats have been made that the prisoners will be released and the city authorities have sworn in a large force extra police to assist the deputies and guard the peace of the city.
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Promised a Warm Reception at Pana.
      Pana, Ills., May 25. -- Owing to the lawless acts committed at Centralia there was a special train sent after the sheriff, and he has been here swearing in special deputy sheriffs. Over 250 men were enrolled and signals agreed to. Winchester rifles will be the arms used, and a warm reception will be given to any mob of strikers who come here to interfere with the constitutional rights of any man who desires to work. No trains have come from the south over the Illinois Central railroad, that company abandoning all such trains to prevent any of the strikers reaching here.
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Trouble Expected at Decatur.
      Decatur, Ills., May 25. -- The Decatur Coal company began digging coal this week after being shut down three weeks. Twenty new men were put to work Wednesday and forty yesterday. A committee claiming to represent the 300 old miners notified Superintendent Armstrong that if he sent his new men down the shaft today the miners would take them out. The new men will be sent down. Trouble may follow.
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Hand-to-Hand Fight with the Mob.
      LaSalle, Ills., May 25. -- A mob of 1,000 coal strikers, none of them English speaking, raided the shaft of the La Salle county Carbon Coal company here and in a conflict with the sheriff and his deputies, five strikers, Sheriff Taylor and Deputy Sheriffs Tom Hoolihan and John Dwyer, were wounded. The mob closed in on the officers and a hand-to-hand fight ensued. Three men were arrested, but none of them was released on the men threatening to tear down the jail and bum the city hall.
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Crawford Calls on the Operators.
      Danville, Ills., May 25. -- The mob has shut up all the mines here, even that of ex-Mayor Beard. Crawford, president of the State Miners' union, has issued a call announcing that a meeting of coal operators will be held at Springfield on Monday to try to adjust the matter and end the strike. The call is signed only by Crawford and no authority from the operators is stated therein.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 186
Friday, May 25, 1894, Page 5
The Colliers' General Strike Having its Effect.
Operations Cease at Both Places This Morning
-- Eight Hundred Men Out, but Quiet and Good Order Prevail
-- Sympathy the Main Cause for Action
      The mines of the Coal Valley Mining company at Cable are idle today, likewise the Gilchrist mines. The colliers employed by the Coal Valley Mining company determined late last night to lay down their picks this morning, and those at Gilchrist followed suit, Having determined to base their course of action on that adopted by their Cable brethren.The consequence is that two mines -- 800 men -- are out, and are likely to remain so until the American Federation of Miners settles its grievances with the mine owners.
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Sympathy the Cause.
      From the best sources of information at The Argus' command, it cannot be learned that the Cable miners -- and the same may be said of those at Gilchrist -- have any personal grievance against the company employing them, their action being of the sympathetic order, having been convinced that a general tie-up of all mines is necessary to win in the localities where the trouble originated. J. M. Murray, vice president of the Miners State Federation of Illinois, has been at Cable for several days, striving to induce the Coal Valley Mining company's men to join in the general strike. A number of meetings were held, and at two of these, the men voted down the proposition to cease work. A third meeting was held at the opera house at Cable last night, however, at which, by a vote of 154 to 84, the miners determined to drop their picks. The Gilchrist colliers had previously decided to acquiesce in whatever the Cable men did, and accordingly they likewise refused to go to work this morning. About 800 miners and laborers are involved in the strike.
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Effect of the Strike.
      "I cannot tell, as yet, what the effect of the strike will be." said Supt. Sudlow, of the Coal Valley Mining company, this morning. "One thing is certain; that is if it lasts very long it will cripple a great many of our industries. I think the Coal Valley Mining company and the Gilchrist mines furnish most of the coal consumed in this market for manufacturing, as well as for general purposes. We will take one of our coal trains off tomorrow, and what supply we have we will put on the market while it lasts. One thing is certain there will be no rioting at Cable. The men are not of that stripe. I will say for them that they are peaceable and quiet and good order reigns there, and will continue to. I believe. For our own part. I don't think there is a man who will deny that they have been receiving five cents a ton more for mining than our competitors have been paying, or that they have been paid up to the full standard. The men have been mining from 800 to 900 tons per day, and have been satisfied with their work and pay. They have made no complaint -- have expressed no dissatisfaction whatever. They have simply been driven out by the representatives of the strikers from Spring Valley, Lewiston, etc."
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 21
Friday, May 25, 1894, Page 1
War Threatened About Centralia.
      Centralia, Ill., May 24. -- At midnight last night 500 coal strikers boarded the Illinois Central freight train at Duquoin and forced the engineer to haul them here, arriving at 8 a. m. They proceeded to the Big Four mine where a number of men at work had refused to come out. They demolished considerable machinery and filled the shaft with props, dump carts and other loose material.
      This morning they left on foot for Odin, eight miles north, to close the mine there. The sheriff, with fifty deputies armed with Winchesters, left for Odin on a special train an hour and a half later.
      After the mob had destroyed about $5,000 worth of the company's property they left the city and two miles north, separated into two gangs, one party going to Sandoval and the other to Odin. Sheriff Helms and a posse sped to Sandoval, where the gang was overhauled. The strikers declared their intention to keep the peace. The leader of the strikers offered to take his men with the sheriff and deputies to Odin but they will be sent back to Centralia. The sheriff's train was quickly transferred to the B. & O. tracks and the deputies reached Odin a few minutes in advance of the other branch of the mob. Leaving the train at Odin the deputies marched out and met the miners about a half mile from town. They surrounded them and a few shots were fired, but no harm was done. A portion of the mob surrendered and the remainder fled.
      The capture was composed of about eighty men, who were brought here by a squad of deputies at 4 p. m. and placed under guard at the Opera House. At 5:30 another squad was brought to the city, and, in all, there are now about 100 miners under arrest here. Threats are made that the prisoners will be released tonight, and the city authorities have sworn in a large force of extra police to assist the deputies and guard the peace of the city.
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Governor Refuses Aid.
      Springfield, May 24. -- The governor has received a telegram from the sheriff at Centralia asking for troops to help handle the striking miners from Duquoin on their way to Odin to bring out the miners there. The governor wired the sheriff that the responsibility of preserving peace rested with the local authorities and the stale could not interfere until local resources were exhausted, which did not seem to have been done in this case. He advised him to swear , in more deputies, adding that he could muster them quicker than the state could get troops to the scene, and promised to order out troops as soon as the situation made it legal. The Pana Coal Company also wired the adjutant-general asking if troops would be sent should trouble break out. The answer was similar in import to that sent the sheriff at Centralia. The adjutant-general says he has a battalion of troops ready to be dispatched to the scene of the trouble in twenty minutes, and can mobilize a thousand militiamen at Centralia in an hour if necessary.
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Strikers Win at Danville.
      Danville. Ill., May 24. -- The strikers won at Mission Fields mine. The men at work not only quit, but President Crawford organized them into a lodge of United Mine Workers. The strikers returned here greatly elated President Crawford says there was never any necessity for troops. No force was used or permitted. He has prepared a call for a meeting of operators and miners at Springfield for May 28. The call is addressed to the coal operators of central and southern Illinois. It says the meeting will be held in the supervisors' room of the court house at Springfield at 2 p. m., and that President McBride, of the National Mine Workers, will be present to consult with the operators to devise ways and means for settling the strike.
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Poles and Lithuanians at Spring Valley.
      Spring Valley, III., May 24. -- A crowd of foreigners surrounded No. 1 shaft for the purpose of stopping the men at work on the fire. They were dissuaded, however,before they had taken any action. A Pole was caught throwing a rock at No. 1 tower and was arrested and placed in the city jail. A mob of infuriated Poles and Lithuanians marched to the jail and liberated the prisoners. Later, the police force attempted to arrest the ringleaders in the Polish district, but were set upon by another gang armed with knives and missiles. One officer was struck on the arm by flying rock. A Polish woman brandished a revolver and defied the police. Mayor Jack has issued orders not to make arrests until the excitement has died down.
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Seeking Settlement.
      Peoria, May 24. -- A conference of miners, operators and coal handlers was held at the Peoria Board of Trade building this afternoon, over 200 attending. After some discussion nineteen operators signed an agreement to pay last year's scale, which is demanded by the men. Three machine mine operators manifested a willingness to pay the scale, James Sholl, C. W. Kram, of the operators; John L. Geher, E. C. Sloan, of the miners,and Ben Warren, of the board of trade, were selected to attend a meeting at Springfield Monday, They are instructed to use every influence to bring about a general settlement.
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A Scrap at LaSalle.
      LaSalle, May 24. -- A mob of 1,000 coal strikers, none of them English-speaking, raided the shaft of the LaSalle County Carbon Coal Company here, this afternoon, and in a cod filet with the sheriff and his deputies five strikers, Sheriff Taylor and Deputies Tom Hoolihan and John Dwyer were wounded. The mob closed in on the officers and a hand to hand fight ensued. Three men were arrested, but one of them was released on the men threatening to tear down the jail and burn the city hall. The situation is alarming, and the governor has been telegraphed to with a request for state aid.
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Decatur Mines Open in Spite of Strike.
      Decatur, Ill., May 24. -- [Special.] -- The Decatur coal mines have been thrown open for the employment of all willing to work and, with the thirty men in the mines, several car-loads of coal have been sent to the water works, and the people in general have been hauling coal away from the shafts. The company gives employment to all who come. They believe the people will sustain them in the position they have taken, and will resist any interference that may be made by the strikers. There are 400 miners in Decatur, who quit work. Men from outside points and green hands are at work. The miners here talk ugly. The exciting news from Pana and Centralia today caused some alarm. More men will go into the mines
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The Coal Miners' Demonstration Makes Military Interference Apparently a Necessity.
      Springfield, III., May 25. -- 1:30 a. m. -- At midnight the following telegrams were received here and replies sent as below:
Col. Riley M. Smith, Greenup, Ill.
      Report with five companies of your command to the sheriff of Marion county at Centralia, early today, and act under his direction in preserving the peace. Obtain a special train if necessary. (Signed) John P. Altgeld, Governor.
Col. Fred Bennet, Joliet, Ill.
      Report with one company from Streator, one from Ottawa and two from Aurora at LaSalle this morning. (Signed) John P. Altgeld, Governor.
Gen. Orendorff goes to LaSalle and Col. Bayle to Centralia. Sheriff Taylor, of LaSalle county, wired at 8 p. m. :
While protecting the property of the LaSalle Carbon Coal Company with a large force of deputies, they were attacked by several hundred striking miners with stones, revolvers and other weapons, shooting three deputies, severely injuring them and surrounding several others, including the sheriff. I am unable to preserve the peace and quell the mob, and imminent danger exists of great loss of life and destruction of property, if immediate action is not taken by the governor. I appeal to the governor for such military aid. The property of the company consists of four mines. Two or three thousand miners at Spring Valley, Ladd and Seatonville are likely to come here, at any time, and destroy property. The mob surrounds the hotel where I am lying wounded. Mayor Matthiesen says the mob has released one of the strikers from jail.
Sheriff Taylor wires later:
The strikers are running riot. Forward troops ot once.

Sheriff Helm, of Centralia, says:
Have arrested seventy-five men for destroying property and conspiracy. Have 206 armed deputies. The mines at Sandoval, Kimmundy and Odin are threatened with destruction and I cannot protect all those points at once I am also threatened by approaching forces of the miners, superior to all the force I can bring to bear for all purposes. If troops are not sent at once, property will be destroyed.
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LaSalle Receives Alarming News.
      LaSalle, Ill., May 25. -- 3 a. m. -- LaSalle received word, at 2 o'clock this morning that Spring Valley miners organized armed and went to LaSalle in response to the strikers here with 500 men. They are now on the march, and are expected at daylight. They come to liberate the prisoners taken in the riot yesterday. It is learned that the sheriff's life will be taken.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 21
Friday, May 25, 1894, Page 6
A Mob of Miners Set Upon and Beat Savagely Men Caring for the Coal Shaft.
A Mine at Spring Valley Being Ruined by Fire Because of Strikers' Interference.
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      LaSalle, III., May 22. -- A serious riot occurred here today in which several men were injured. Ever since the mines closed the Union Coal Company kept some men at work to clean up the entries. Nothing was said against it by the strikers, but this evening as the men came from work they were set on and brutally beaten by a mob of at least a thousand strikers. Some sought shelter in the company's office and barricaded the and windows with office furniture. This only added to the fury of the mob and the doors were battered in and the victims set upon.
      Benjamin Hetherington was pounded into insensibilty.
      Edward Cummings was savagely beaten.
      Several other men were roughly handled.
      The sheriff arrived this evening, and, after swearing in deputies, went to the mines and dispersed the mob.
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A Spring Valley Mine Burning
      Spring Valley, Ill., May 22. -- The mine of the Spring Valley Coal Company is now burning worse than ever, and the company will either have to wall the fire in, or else take all the men out, stop the fans and smother it. it will be months before the mine will be in shape
      The anarchists, at last, were persuaded to allow the coal company to employ men to put out the fire, but the superintendent says this decision came too late, as the fire is now raging so fiercely that but few men can get near it.
      About 500 Ladd miners marched into the city this afternoon, headed by a brass band, and held a meeting in Terris Grove. The Spring Valley miners also had a meeting, and decided to march to Sheffield, Viola and Kewanee to bring the men out there. A committee, however, precedes them, and if they get no satisfaction the army, of probably 4,000, will march down there and, if the supplies hold out, Cable and Gilchrist will also be visited.
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Looking for Trouble at Morris.
      Morris, Ill., May 22. -- Two thousand miners met near Coal City last night and decided to send eight delegates to Morris persuade the miners to quit work, and if unsuccessful the entire body would march to the county seat and compel a strike. The committee came here today and the miners were willing to accede to their demands. A mass meeting will be held tomorrow to make the final decision.
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Trouble Expected at Centralia.
      Centralia, III., May 22. -- Trouble is expected here tomorrow at the Big 4 mine, as about thirty miners, principally negroes, are working all day. It is understood this evening that a delegation of strikers from Duquoin,Belleville and other adjacent mines will be here tomorrow to force the men out.
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At Decatur.
      Decatur, Ill., May 22. -- [Special.] -- The scarcity of coal in Decatur is becoming a very serious matter, mainly because of the continued cold weather occasioned by the recent storms. Many a family is using coke, wood and kindling with which to warm the house and cook. The Decatur miners will not return to work, and the mines remain closed. Some coal has been shipped in from Pana. It is quickly picked up at $2.50 and $3 a ton, being an advance of a dollar. It may go higher. Committees from Taylorville and other points are now in the city trying to get the men here to join with other miners in a march on the mines at Pana, but they are not meeting with success. The coal supply at the water works is growing short. The Decatur Coal Company will not be able to keep its contracts if the mining trouble remains unsettled.
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Winchesters and Revolvers.
      Danville, Ill., May 22. -- Deputy sheriffs surround the Mission field mines, fully armed, the company having, this morning, received a consignment of Winchesters and revolvers. The united miners debated the matter here, and expected the men at Mission field to come out last night, but they went to work this morning. It is reported the strikers will meet here tomorrow. 800 strong. It is said the Consolidated Coal Company, at Springfield, has called on the governor for help in view of this.
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      Staunton, Ill., May 22. -- The Consolidated Coal Company, to protect the miners from the strikers, have secured 100 Winchesters and plenty of ammunition. It is reported that strikers are coming here to drive out the men at work. The sheriff is prepared to call out a large posse of armed men.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 21
Friday, May 25, 1894, Page 8
The Fairbury Miners.
      Fairbury, May 20. -- [Special.] -- The situation regarding the striking coal miners here is beginning to look serious. The electric light plant and water works have nearly exhausted their supply, which is the case also with numerous tile factories around here. The minors in the employ of Walton Bros, were notified Friday to clear their rooms and take their tools out of the shaft by Monday noon. They decided not to pay any attention to the notice and let their tools be where they are. The general belief here is that, if Walton Bros, can secure men to take the places of the strikers, they will do so.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 21
Friday, May 25, 1894, Page 6
All Met ln Illinois.
      LaSalle, May 26. -- At a meeting of the Spring Valley miners late last night the LaSalle committee informed them that LaSalle opposed the marching to Ottawa to liberate the prisoners there, and as a result the Spring Valley miners didn't come here in a body this morning. All is quiet here and at Pana this afternoon.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 21
Friday, May 25, 1894, Page 6
But the Strikers Don't Seem Much Overawed at LaSalle.
      LaSalle, Ills., May 26. -- Six companies of the Third regiment Illinois National Guard, under command of Colonel Fred Bennett are now under canvas on a bluff in the eastern part of the city, and their presence seems to be having a salutary effect on the turbulent striking miners. There was another serious outbreak when a number of miners went to the LaSalle carbon shaft, mobbed the engineer and made him leave the engine room, threatening him with assault if he returned. This was before the arrival of the militia.
      The miners held a meeting in Turner hall and speeches were made by General Orendorf, Mayor Matthiessen and Hon. David Ross, who counseled the men to be calm and orderly. There was afterwards "closed" meeting at which only miners were present. The speeches and actions were then of a very vicious and incendiary character and it looked for some time as it there might be another riot, but finally the cooler headed persuaded them to be quiet. The thing that is now irritating the strikers is the detention of two of the rioters in the Ottawa jail, and if the men are not given a speedy trial there will be serious trouble.
      A fracas occurred in the northern part of the city when a number of strikers severely beat and kicked a Polish miner named Birkowski, whom they accused of being a spy. The man is very seriously injured and late reports from the physicians are that be is likely to die from the effects of his injuries. The only thing that saved the man from being killed on the spot was the interference of several women, who persuaded the infuriated men to stop their onslaught.
      The only trouble at the military camp so far was a slight collision between the crowd and pickets. The mob was closing in around the soldiers and it was necessary to drive them back at the point of the bayonet. One man, named Meisenbach, became very abusive and received a prod with a bayonet, being subsequently taken to the guardhouse. The attitude of many of the more unruly strikers is very threatening, and trouble may be looked for any time.
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The Town Picketed and Ready to Warmly Welcome Rioters.
      Ottawa, Ills., May 26. -- The condition of affairs among the rioting miners at LaSalle has not only created excitement in that city, but is the source of considerable trouble to the citizens of Ottawa. As a result of the fight at LaSalle in which the sheriff and his deputies were so badly beaten three of the miners were arrested and imprisoned in the county jail in this city. They were the ringleaders of the strikers and their fellow-workmen are wild to liberate them. Rumors that the miners at LaSalle were banding and would march to Ottawa and demand the release of the prisoners have been substantiated by a message from the deputy sheriff at LaSalle, stating that if the prisoners were released and brought to Peru for trial they would make no trouble.
      States Attorney Duncan replied that the miners could not run the county and that the men would not be taken from Ottawa for trial. This means trouble. According to latest reports the miners of LaSalle, Oglesby and Spring Valley an preparing to march to Ottawa and liberate the miners by force. The city authorities have made ample preparations for the same, and should the strikers come to Ottawa the strike will end there and then. Officers have been stationed on all the roads leading to Ottawa armed with shotguns and Winchester rifles, acting in the capacity of pickets. The whole town is prepared for a skirmish and should the miners come they will be cut down in short order.
      The miners of Oglesby visited Split Rock shaft, owned by Dick & Gorbett, at Utica, and destroyed several hundred dollars' worth of property. They are expected here at any minute.
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Mob of Hoosier Strikers Goes to Pana
-- Helped by the Railways.
      Brazil, Ind., May 26. -- About 1,000 miners left this city on a special train furnished by the C. and E. I. Railway company for Coal Bluff. The meeting was one of the largest demonstrations of workmen ever seen in this locality. The men are greatly agitated over the miners working at Pana Ills., and quickly voted for the men to go over there en masse. Over 600 left on the Big Four for that place.
      Numerous speeches were made by miners present applauding them for the thorough manner in which they are organized and determination with which they are holding out. The railroad organizations are in sympathy with the miners and have offered to aid the strikers. The miners' soliciting committee, who have been at work in the county for the past few days, reported that they had met with excellent success.
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Situation Quiet at Centralia.
      Centralia, Ills., May 20. -- The situation here is very quiet, and there is no indication of trouble from any source. Assistant Adjutant General Hugh Bayle is here in command of four companies of the Fourth regiment, Illinois National Guards. The troops are guarding the seventy-nine rioters who were captured at Odin by a posse of sheriff's deputies. The sheriff was notified that if these men were not released inside of eight hours 1,000 miners from other mines would raid the city and liberate the men. It was the fear that this threat would be carried out that induced the sheriff to call for state troops. The difficulty of holding so many men prisoners has been obviated by their counsel agreeing for them that they would waive a preliminary hearing and confess a charge of conspiracy. Twenty of them will be bailed in $500 each and the others released on their own recognizance.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 188
Monday, May 28,1894, Page 4
Gov. Altgeld Forced to Send Them to Minonk
Coal Trains on the Illinois Central Not Permitted to Pass
-- Arms for Elmwood.
The Skirmish at Peru with the Mob
-- About Sixty Captured and the Balance Dispersed
-- A Badly Frightened Rioter
-- Dynamite Carried by Some of Them
-- Telegrams to the Governor
-- Invading Indiana Miners Go Back Home
-- Railways Getting Out of Coal.
      LaSalle, Ills., May 28. -- Late Saturday night several loud reports were heard at the point where the striking miners were encamped; it was evidently dynamite and this fact, as well as the desire to know what the reports meant, caused great uneasiness. It Is now learned that the reports were signals for the massing of the foreign miners at Spring Valley to be in readiness to march on LaSalle, there was considerable excitement at Camp Matthiessen and visitors were carefully scrutinized, but all is quiet now. It is known, however, that the camrades of the men arrested by the troops are very angry and have been organizing an armed mob to avenge the wrongs which they claim are being done to their fellow miners by the detention by the sheriff.
The Troops Ready for Trouble.
      Colonel Bennet and his command are well prepared for trouble, and as an extra precaution the pickets are doubled. The men under arrest have many sympathizers in LaSalle and Peru who will no doubt take part in any concerted action on the prospect of securing their release. So far as this city is concerned it is the universal opinion that the leaders will use every precaution to keep the foreigners from committing depredations, so long as the militia is here. Six of the prisoners taken by the troops at the instance of the sheriff, and who were carrying concealed weapons at the time they captured the train at Ladd, were sent out of camp and lodged in the county jail at Ottawa, where they will be given a preliminary examination.
Minonk in the Hands or a Mob.
      Word was received from Minonk that rioters miners had taken possession of the town and stopped trains on the Illinois Central railroad which the railway officials were obliged to abandon; also that the sheriff of Woodford county had telegraphed to Governor Altgeld for troops, being unable to control the mob. The telegram told the governor that "a mob of 300 miners is obstructing the coal traffic on the Illinois Central. I and the mayor of Minonk have done our best to disperse them, but are unable to without bloodshed, that is sure. The strikers are determined and armed. I call on you for militia. I have deputies, but no arms except revolvers. It is no use in you telling me to try to disperse them again without assistance, for I cannot without bloodshed." This was signed by the sheriff.
The Governor Orders the Troops.
      The governor telegraphed to know how many deputies were actually on duty and was informed there were plenty of deputies but no arms; mat the mob had seized and was then in possession of an Illinois Central train. The governor had just sent the last of the arms to Elmwood, so he ordered the Peoria, Canton and Delaware companies of national guard to Minonk at once.
- - - - -
Not Safe to Leave LaSalle.
      Springfield, May 28. -- Sheriff Taylor, of LaSalle, telegraphs Governor Altgeld:
I fear that the withdrawal of any companies at this time would cause serious trouble and result in your having to return the same. Am satisfied that the holding of troops now here for a few days longer will result in reducing matters to a normal condition. I do not feel that it would be safe to reduce the forces just now. Please revoke the order withdrawing any troops until Warden Allen sees you in the morning."
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Electrical Correspondence Between Altgeld and His Military Officers.
      Springfield. Ills., May 28. -- Governor Altgeld just now is exclusively occupied with state militia matters and in directing the of action of each commandant now engaged in quelling miner riots at LaSalle, Centralia, and other points. Trouble has broken out at Marseilles and rifles and ammunition have been sent there, but no troops. General Orendorff has arrived here from LaSalle and reported to the governor in person that matters there were quiet and the sheriff was able to hold the strikers in check.
      The wires between the seat of war and here have been kept hot. The governor telegraphed Sheriff Helm at Centralia asking him if troops were necessary there any longer, and received a reply from General Bayle that when the strikers held under arrest there were sent away the troops could leave. But the general followed it with another stating that a telegram from Du Quoin gave the news that the strikers there were holding a meeting and the feeling was bitter, and that they were trying to procure arms from St. Louis.
      Later Boyle sent another telegram to the effect that the strikers at Muddy Valley and other places were talking of going to Centralia to release the arrested miners; that the women were stirring them up and that one woman told the strikers that her boy was locked up at Centralia, "and I want you to go and get him out." Still later Bayle telegraphed that a sheriff's posse was taking the prisoners out of Centralia.
      The mayor of Pana and Deputy Sheriff Roseburg telegraphed the fact that Indiana strikers were en route to force out the Pana men and asking if the governor would send guns and troops, or whether it would be proper to call on Indiana's governor to stop the mob. The governor replied by asking how many deputies the sheriff had actually sworn in, and the reply was 15 men with only thirty guns to arm them, and that the town was at the mobs mercy without at least 400 men and two pieces of artillery. To this Altgeld replied that he had ordered Boyle at Pana to look over the situation.
      But the governor later ordered Colonel Colvin, of the Fifth regiment, to leave this city with five companies for Pana at once, which the colonel promptly did.
- - - - -
Strikers Makes Poor Showing When the 'Sogers' Come In View.
      LaSalle, May 28. -- General Orendorff received a telegram stating that a mob of 300 striking miners had captured a passenger train on the Illinois Valley and Northern branch of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad at Ladd, Bureau county, and at the point of a revolver had compelled the conductor to carry them to LaSalle. By a ruse the train crew made the men believe they had arrived at LaSalle when Peru was reached, and they got off there, a mile east of this city. After conference between Sheriff Taylor and the military staff it was decided to head the rioters off in Peru, and five companies of militia were ordered to fall in.
      The troops were divided and sent along Second and Third streets and the visiting mob was encountered near the Peru line. An order was given for the miners to throw up their hands, but being strangers to the English language they did not understand and started to run in all directions. The troops were sent in pursuit and although there were several hand-to-hand encounters nothing serious occurred, One shot only was fired and that by crazed Belgian named Feron, who shouted wildly in his native tongue and brandished his pistol until it seemed certain that Captain Smith, who was nearest to him, would be shot and killed. He fired one shot and the bullet whizzed past the captain's bead and lodged in a tree close by. He had no second chance to shoot; in an instant a corporal had knocked the weapon from the infuriated man's hand and he was under arrest.
      Feron then began crying, and when he had been dragged over to the guard line he knelt down in the dust, threw off his hat and began to pray, thinking he was to be court-martialed and shot. In the meantime other officers and men were in conflict with others of the rioters who were trying to evade arrest. It was a wild and war-like scene, and caused great excitement in the little city in which it occurred, many people running terror-stricken from their homes. Some of the rioters had hidden in sheds and barns and out-houses and pickets were sent out to make a thorough search. The result of all the searching was the capture of about sixty.
      All kinds of weapons were found upon them. Some had revolvers, others knives, but the most serious discovery was dynamite. On three men were found bombs any one of which would annihilate a regiment if in a compact formation. When the county boundary was reached the prisoners, who were Poles, Italians, Russians, Belgians and Bohemians, were marched over the line and told to stay there.
      Except those who had been armed; these were brought back to LaSalle and are under a strong guard at Camp Matthiessen. Although a large number of the rioters who came in on the trains were marched over the county line there are still several hundred of them here. They are vicious and determined-looking men and are much angered about the detention of their armed comrades under guard at the camp.
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The Invasion of Illinois Averted.
      Terre Haute, Ind., May 28. -- The 1,000 striking miners who arrived here on their way to Pana, Ills., to force the miners there to quit work, have all returned to their homes. The day here was one of great anxiety. Preparations were made to control the mob by arming hundreds of the deputies with Winchester rifles. President Dunkerly, of the Miners association, brought about the abandonment of the trip to Pana. He told them that the Big Four railroad would not take them to Pana under any circumstances and if they did go there the prospects were good for a riot and their lives would be lost. The men took the advice.
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Strikers Side-track Coal Cars.
      Minonk, Ills., May 28. --Strikers here will allow no coal to pass through here by rail. All cars containing coal from anywhere are side-tracked.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 189,
Tuesday, May 29, 1894, Page 1
Unique Situation at Pana.
      Pana, Ills., May 29. -- The situation here in the coal mines became decidedly humorous when 400 men refused to work because the military were here to protect them. This is perhaps the most unique excuse which has yet been given for a strike. The belief is, however, that these strikers have simply been looking for an excuse, fearing that, if they struck that they would be blacklisted by the operators.
- - - - -
Chicago and Eastern Illinois Road to Ask for Protection.
      Terre Haute, Ind., May 29. -- The Chicago and Eastern Illinois company has decided to go into the United States court at Indianapolis and ask for protection of its property. Striking miners have thirty cars of coal sidetracked fourteen miles north of here, and will not let it be moved to Chicago, its destination. It is Kentucky coal, and the railroad being an interstate route the application to the court will be under the interstate commerce act.
      The miners are desperately determined to prevent the shipment of outside coal, which they say is quite as hurtful to their side in the wage struggle as the operation of the mines in the affected territory. There are about 800 men at Lyford, but many more can be assembled there on short notice
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 189,
Tuesday, May 29, 1894, Page 2
Coal Strike Conference Held at Springfield
The Mine Workers' President Says That If a Competitive Basis for That State Can Be Agreed Upon the Strike Can Be Settled
-- Consolidated Company Not Represented
-- Another Meeting Thursday Arranged
-- Troops Restore Quiet at All Points
-- Humerous Situation at Pana
-- Cripple Creek, Colo., Arbitration Off
- - - - -
But Prepare for an Increased Police Force All the Same
      Centralia, Ills., May 29. The four companies of state troops that have been quartered here since the destruction of the Big Four mine by Duquoin strikers have left the city for their respective homes. The bailiffs have all been released from duty, the last of the prisoners bailed out by friends, and everything indicates that the troubles here are ended. The Big Four mine is repairing the wrecked property and the operators have given notice that they will resume work in a few days and give employment to all their men who want work.
      The city council met in special session and offered the operators protection from outside interference at any time called on and will swear twenty-five extra police for that purpose at once, the number to be increased if necessary. Pittinger and Davis, owners of the mine, agree to meet all the expense of the extra police here. Vice President Harrahan, of the Illinois Central railway, was in the city and held a private conference with Sheriff Helm. It is understood here that the Illinois Central is arranging to ship coal over its line from the south to Chicago and that the object of the interview with the sheriff was to secure protection for the trains as they pass through this county.
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Strikers Arm to Resist the Sheriff's Deputies at Clinton.
      Brazil, Ind., May 29. -- Word has reached this city from Clinton that the miners are organizing and arming themselves to resist any effort made by the sheriff of Parke county and his deputies to move the coal they have side-tracked. It is stated that the officials of the C. and E. I. and Big Four are determined to get possession of their coal if they have to petition Governor Matthew for assistance. The miners here say they are going to watch the Vandalia line and side-track every car of coal that passes over it.
      The Chamber of Commerce, composed of business men, issued a circular to the miners asking them to meet them at the mayor's office tomorrow. The object of the meeting is to induce the miners to allow the three large brick and sewer pipe factories in this city to mine their own coal and resume operations, thus giving employment to 150 workmen who are now idle.
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Rioters Arrested at LaSalle.

      LaSalle, Ills., May 29. -- Everything is quiet here. The most exciting events of the day were the arrests made by the sheriff. Ten participants in Thursday's riot were gathered in and are under a strong guard at Camp Matthiessen. They will be taken to Ottawa jail. The man Birkowski, who was so terribly beaten by his fellow countrymen on Friday last, is missing and it is feared that be may have been murdered.
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Military Starts the Coal at Minonk.

      Minonk, Ills., May 29. -- Three companies of military and a large force of deputy sheriffs succeeded in breaking the reign of the mob here and started the coal to moving on the railways. The mob hooted but did nothing else. Its members have gone home, the deputy sheriffs have mostly been excused for the day, companies K, of Delavan, and M, of Canton, have gone home, leaving Major Keely in command of Camp Culver and the remaining company I, of Peoria, Then has been no loss of life or property. If is now thought that quiet has been fully restored, but of course a little thing may at any time cause an out-break. If so there will be short work made to restore the peace.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 190
Wednesday, May 30, 1894, Page 1
What He Thinks of That Arbitration Proposal.
Because In the Illinois Governor's Opinion the Operators Would Not Agree
-- All Reported Quiet at the Late Seats of War In the Prairie State
-- Indiana Strikers Submit to Civil Process and Let Coal Trains Move.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 191
Thursday, May 31, 1894 , Page 1
The Operators' Conference at Springfield Today.
Southern Illinois Operators Stubborn in the Matter
Refuse to Attend and the Strike Goes on
Will be Fought Out to the Bitter End
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 191
Thursday, May 31, 1894 , Page 2
All Is Serene at LaSalle.
Springfield, Ills., May 31. -- Governor Altgeld has received the following telegram from Camp Matthiessen, at LaSalle:
"At a joint meeting of citizens and miners the miners have agreed to assist the civil authorities in maintaining the peace and protecting property. I therefore recommend that you order home all the troops now here, being satisfied that the local authorities can now maintain order. I desire particularly to compliment Colonel Bennett and his command on the valuable assistance rendered in bringing out troops, and to kindly thank you for sending them here."
This was signed by Sheriff Taylor.
      The engines and fans will be started up at the coal shafts and water will be hoisted from the pits, the miners' committee having agreed to protect the men so employed.
- - - - -
Shows 329 for Quitting and 60 for Working Out of 750 Men
      Pana, Ills., May 31. -- The striking miners assembled at the opera house here on a call stating that the meeting was to be a joint one of miners and operators but the latter did not put in an appearance. The meeting was presided over by over Thomas Haddow and men representing both sides of this question were equally recognized. The meeting adjourned without accomplishing anything, but reassembled later and a ballot was taken by the miners present, resulting 329 in favor of striking and60 against striking. While the strikers had a majority at the meeting the first named number is not a majority of all the miners who work in the mines here. There are 750 miners who live here. The strike so far as the 329 men are concerned is for an indefinite period.

The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 193
Saturday, June 2,1894, Page 1
Another Prediction as to the General Miners' Strike
The Trouble in Northern Illinois to be Adjusted
A Meeting to be Held Next Tuesday at Columbus
Probability of Boycott in the Southern Localities
      Peoria, June 2. -- A gentleman who is very close to President McBride, of the miners, stated today that at a meeting to be held at Columbus, Ohio, next Tuesday, the strike would be declared off in all the districts save those in which the Springfield and St. Louis operators have jurisdiction, and in these regions a boycott would be established. State President Crawford, of the miners, will attend a meeting of the American Railway union here tomorrow, and will endeavor to secure its aid in the fight against Springfield and St. Louis coal barons
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 193
Saturday, June 2,1894, Page 2
Destitution Makes Its Appearance Among the Illinois Strikers.
      Pana, Ills., June 2. -- The strikers have held two secret sessions in the Opera house with State President Crawford. A consolidated union of the strikers was effected. The strikers have been telling the workers that when the strike is settled they (the workers) would be out of a job. The operators say that they will either run their business or else shut down the works; that they propose to stand by the men who helped them win the strike.
- - - - -
All Quiet at Minonk.
      Minonk, Ills., June 2. -- There is no excitement whatever here. A coal famine is imminent and men are seen hauling coal along the streets in wheelbarrows. About 200 people are on the list of the relief committee for aid.
- - - - -
Destitution at LaSalle.
      LaSalle, Ills., June 2. -- The relief committee has received reports of 167 families, over 1,000 persons, among the striking miners being in destitute circumstances. All is quiet here.
- - - - -
This Thing of Stopping Coal Trains So Much In Vogue Just Now.
      Columbus, O., June 2. -- The officers of the United Mine Workers of America will hold a consultation here next Tuesday on the coal situation. John McBride has returned from Springfield, Ills. The Norfolk and Western railroad having complained that the miners at Wellston and Coalton, O., threatened to stop moving coal trains from Virginia, McBride telegraphed to his lieutenant, Joshua Thomas: "Reported here that your men intend to stop coal shipments over the Norfolk and Western railroad, and will destroy property if other means fail. Do not allow such work."
McBride says: "The whole situation hinges on one company in Illinois. The Consolidated Coal company, alias the Wabash railroad which controls eighty-one mines, or one-fourth of the output of Illinois."
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 195
Tuesday, June 5, 1894, Page 2
Calls on Gov. Altgeld with an Urgent Call
Including Men and Women, Armed with Dynamite, at Carterville
      Springfield, Ills., June 5. -- Governor Altgeld has received the following telegram from T. L. Dowell, sheriff of Williamson county, dated Marion, 6 p. m. "I am powerless in the hands of 1,000 men and women armed with dynamite and guns. I am compelled to withdraw my forces at Carterville."
      To which the governor replied: "How many deputies did you have at Carterville, and what acts of violence, if any, occurred? Sent you thirty guns and 1,000 rounds of ammunition, which should reach you tonight."
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 196
Wednesday June 6, 1894, Page 2
What the Governor of Illinois Said to the Sheriff
And What the Sheriff Replied to the Governor Is Equally Lacking in Ubanity
      Marion, Ill., June 6. -- The long pent-up feeling in the coal region in this county has culminated in a clash between the governor and the local sheriff. Not since the strike commenced has there been any coal except slack moved by mine owners, and even that is kept by men who will not work or allow others to work from the main line of road. The shaft is about two miles distant, reached by a switch or short line. At the junction of these lines, with guns and pistols, these men gather and threaten the lives of any who attempt to open the switch or move a train in that direction. The sheriff, with deputies, has contended until his force is entirely inadequate, and so notified the governor, who absolutely refused to order out the militia. Seeing that further resistance was useless, the sheriff called in his force and so notified the governor.
Altgeld Attacks the Sheriff.
      The reply to this was as follows: "From reliable information we get here it is apparent that you have misrepresented the facts and that you are trying to shift the responsibility for the preservation of the peace off of your shoulders. The law empowers you to swear as many men as special deputies and make them serve as you choose. This being so it may have occurred to you that the swearing in of only thirty-five deputies under the conditions which you say exist at Carterville was not a fair course to use the resources at your command to maintain order. However, as you seem to have absolutely surrendered, and life and property are in danger, I have ordered troops to Carterville in order that peace may be preserved and the law executed; but I will suggest to you that if you have not the courage or capacity to properly discharge the duties pertaining to the office of sheriff then you should resign at once and let somebody take your place who can and will do it, for under the law troops cannot be kept long at a point when the sheriff can by proper effort preserve order and execute law.
[Signed.] JOHN P. ALTGELD, "Governor."
To Which the Sheriff Replies.
      The reply to the above is fully as "salty" as the governor's dispatch and is as follows: "I wired you the facts concerning Carterville strike, notwithstanding your insulting telegram. You seem to have a studied method of learning nothing of strikes in Illinois, no matter how dangerous, and have little desire or capacity to control or assist in controlling them. I did not ask you for information as to my power and duties, and do not regard you as my source of power or information. I have sworn in already more men than I could respectably arm, as the county has no guns. I could swear in 300 or 400 men, but the county has no arms to furnish them, nor means to pay such an army; no clothing to designate them as an army, and such a force without previous drilling would have no prestige and simply provoke bloodshed. The people here understand that the state militia is clothed, armed and paid to preserve the public peace in times of extraordinary riots. The county treasuries are certainly not to be impoverished and paralyzed by coping with such armed forces when the state troops are properly armed and paid to do it.
Another Suggestion of Resignation.
      "I find it to be the opinion of many here that the strike throughout the state would have been easily controlled and the whole state now in peace without bloodshed if you had resigned as governor, or had gotten sick and left the state in the hands of the lieutenant governor, who sympathizes with and loves law and order. I am frank to say that I have at heart only the good of this county and its citizens, and if resignations are in order, I stand ready to resign when you do. I am ready to make any sacrifice needed to benefit the citizens of Illinois.
      "I stand ready to render any assistance in my power to militia you may send to Carterville. I again repeat that troops are needed there, and in my opinion order cannot be restored nor bloodshed prevented without them.
T. L. DOWELL, "Sheriff Williamson county."
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 196
Wednesday June 6, 1894, Page 5
The Coal Valley Mines Resume Operations
Sympathy, Not Dissatisfaction the Course of Their Going Out
-- Final Action Dependent Upon the Meeting at Columbus, Ohio.
      The Coal Valley mines have resumed operations and the 50 or 60 strikers have gone back to work the same as before the strike was ordered. An Argus representative who visited Coal Valley yesterday was somewhat surprised to see the men at work, and in reply to a question put by him as to how the men happened to be at work, he was told that all along perfect harmony bad existed between the strikers and the mines, and but for sympathy none of them would have gone out. The companies have plenty of orders for coal and can keep the men busy for a long time, and this they will do if greater influence is not brought to bear upon them. This may come in the form of a request, or it may be brought by force. The entire outcome of the affair rests in the results of the miners'' session now being held in Columbus, Ohio, and it is to be sincerely hoped that some satisfactory arrangements may be made by which the men will go back to work.
In Coal Valley.
      The striking miners are not members of any union, and the men claim that the only reasons they had for going out was their sympathy with their fellow workmen.
      The conference at Columbus of the officers of the United Mine Workers of America, is still in session, and strenuous efforts are being made to have the miners resume work in central Illinois and in Ohio, western Pennsylvania and Indiana, provided the operators in these territories, or some of them, agree to pay the prices asked.
Mines In This Vicinity.
      The mines in this vicinity have been paying favorable wages and only after the greatest of persuasion did the men yield, and it was by the most powerful influence. Immediately after this influence was removed the men at Coal Valley resumed work, and the harmony which has always existed is but renewed.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 197
Thursday, June 7,1894, Page 2
Wreaked on the Little Mine Near Pekin, Ills.
Probability That All Are Suffocated and the Town Wild With Excitement.
On of the Mob and One Worker Killed and Several Others Wounded
--Sheriff's Deputies Not of any Use
-- Engineer Murdered by Strikers in Indiana.
-- More Coal Trains Held Up.

      Pekin, Ills., June 7. -- There has been a bloody battle at Little's coal mine, five miles down the Illinois from Pekin. Word was received at Pekin early In the morning that 500 miners from west of the river were about to attack the mine. Sheriff Frederick swore in a posse and set out for the scene. The strikers assembled at Bartonville and crossed the Illinois by ferries. There were about 400 men and some women. The sheriff and posse remonstrated with the mob in rain. The leader of the strikers with revolver in each hand cried out "Follow me," and the crowd charged on the mine.
And the Deputies, Where Were They?
      The two Littles and their two sons and a colored man retreated to the tower above the shaft and opened fire on the attacking party, some of whom were seen to fall. The fire was returned and hundreds of shots were fired into and through the tower. The Littles hoisted a white flag, but the firing did not cease. The shaft was set on fire and up shot the flames. It was feared the powder house would be fired and the crowds retreated. The air shaft was kept closed.
Seems To Be "Overt" Enough.
      The killed as a result of the firing are John Jackson, a colored miner at Little's,and Ed Bloom, one of the mob. The wounded are: Ed and Peter Little, of the besieged, the former shot in the breast (dangerous), the latter in the arm. Half a dozen others were slightly hurt. There are a number in the shaft who it is believed are suffocated. Among them are Gus Moritz, Fred Moritz and John Rockey. The sheriff and posse have returned from the scene unable to cope with the mob. Pekin is wild with excitement.
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Offered a Dollar a Ton
      Centralia, Ills., June 7. -- The two mining companies in this city have offered their men $1 per ton for digging coal if they will resume work. The South mine can give employment to 200 hands at these figures and will guarantee steady work at this rate for three weeks and perhaps longer. The North mine, which was injured in the riot several thousand dollars, has been fully repaired and will also give $1 per ton to about 300 hands for at least ten days and perhaps longer. This price means $8 per day for ten hours work.
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Killed by a Brick Thrown by One of the Strikers
      Brazil, Ind., June 7. -- A crowd of angry miners blockaded No. 1 Vandalia westbound freight east of here and stoned the trainmen. The engineer, William Barr, was struck in the head by a heavy stone and instantly killed. Brakeman A. J. Harshman was hit in the back and badly hurt. The strikers continued throwing stones until every window in the caboose and engine was broken out. Excitement is intense. Officers are in hot pursuit of the strikers. The dead engineer and injured brakeman's homes are in Terre Haute.
      The assailants of the engineer have not been captured. It is understood that the militia will be ordered to this city at once, and a strong effort made to arrest all participants in the stone throwing. The freight preceding the one upon which Barr was killed was also stoned by a crowd of strikers and the windows in the caboose engine were broken.
- - - - -
Because ln the Same Train There Were Some Coal Cars.
      Brazil, Ind., June 7. -- The first outbreak of lawlessness made by the miners of this county for the past few days was made when a crowd of strikers stopped the mixed train carrying freight and passengers between this place and Clay City. The train was hauling several cars of coal taken from a sidetrack near Clay City and was bound for Chicago. The miners, who had been diligently guarding the coal, quickly organized a crowd of several hundred to stop the train. The train carries the United States mail and it was thought that the miners would permit the train to come to this city when aware of that fact, but they were unruly and obstinate and refused to allow the train to move.
- - - - -
Just a Little Ahead of the Mob.
      Washington, Ind., June 7. -- Miners stopped a freight train carrying four cars of coal at Montgomery, seven miles east of here and two miles west of Cannelburg, on the B. and O. Southwestern, and compelled the men to sidetrack the cars. Sheriff Liming took a special up and hooked to the detached cars and brought them into this city. The miners here, fifty in number, congregated at Montgomery station, half a mile east of the switch, but before they had time to get to where the coal was sidetracked the sheriff had gone. They endeavored to jump on the moving train and pull the pins, but the train was going too fast.
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Strike Leaders Arrested.
      Sullivan, Ind., June 7. -- One of the leaders of the strikers named John Bullock has been arrested here on a warrant. Bullock is a desperate character and once laid in jail several months on a charge of killing an old man whose turnip patch he was engaged in robbing. The man was killed with a turnip. The military had a rough time pursuing the miscreants who burned the coal cars, as they had to march through rain and mud on a fruitless expedition. The night was quite cold, but the soldiers endured their discomforts like veterans.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 23
Friday, June 8, 1894, Page 1
Striking Coal Miners Attack the Little Coal Mines South of Pekin and a Battle Ensues.
Two Men Are Killed and a Number Wounded
-- Possible That Miners Are Suffocated
An Ohio Locomotive Engineer Killed By a Stone Thrown by Strikers Who Attack the Train
      Peoria, III., June 8. -- [Associated Press.] -- Bloodshed has occurred in Tazewell county and property has been destroyed, as the result of the coal miners' strike, The trouble occurred this afternoon, and was the first in this section. One man is dead and a number injured, and all the buildings at the Little mine, four miles south of Pekin, are destroyed. Threats had been made against the mine ever since it refused to suspend operations, and numerous unsuccessful attempts had been made to bring the men out.
      This afternoon, the strikers made a determined onslaught and came out victorious. Sheriff Frederick, of Tazewell county, and thirty unarmed deputies were on guard, and ordered the strikers to halt, but they crowded over and passed the deputies, and quickly reached the mine.
      No time was wasted in words. The strikers were all armed and opened fire, and the fire was returned from the mine. Fully 300 shots were exchanged before the miners surrendered and were allowed to leave their elevated perch. One of them, William Dickson, colored, was shot through the shoulder and probably fatally injured. Pete Little had an eye shot away, and the engineer was shot close to the heart, and there are small hopes of his recovery.
      One hundred yards from the mine the lifeless body of Edward Blower, a married man who accompanied the strikers, was found.
      The strikers having won the fight destroyed the buildings.
      Fully one hundred miners tonight are camped along the Illinois river, and the miners fear an attack on their residences. Many of them have sought protection in Pekin.
      There was trouble at the Consolidated mine today. A man named Jeffries was terribly beaten by a party of strikers.
      Any number of wild rumors are in circulation tonight, and it is feared the strikers are planning an attack on other mines.
- - - - -
Mob and Militia.
      Pekin, Ill., June 6.-- Special. -- After the riotous proceedings at Littles' coal mine yesterday afternoon the citizens of Pekin have been consulting for the city's protection. Word was received here that the striking coal miners from over the river would assemble at Bartonville, on the Peoria county side of the river, in force and would march to this city 400 strong and proceed to the east bluff to visit the coal mine of L. Grant & Sons, also Bohlander Bros., where only the proprietors and their sons are working, and repeat the scenes or yesterday at the Little mine.
      Sheriff Friederick telegraphed to Gov. Altgeld describing the situation and asked for 100 stands of arms and ammunition for protection, and that he would swear in and arm a force of deputies.
      The supervisors ordered 100 repeating rifles and 5,000 rounds of ammunition for the use of the deputies, and half of those arrived tonight and are at the county jail and some in the hands of the deputies to give the rioters a warm reception should they attempt to inaugurate, their work of destruction here.
      An answer was received from Springfield that the governor would send three companies of the state militia to Pekin to arrive this afternoon
      At 1:30 Company G, Fifth regiment, from Lincoln, arrived on the Peoria, Decatur & Evansville freight train officered by Capt. Eugene Sheer, First Lieut. F. C. McElvain, Second Lieut. T. A. Bryant. They numbered thirty-four men and are a fine-looking, nervy lot of follows. They were met by Sheriff Friederick and taken to the court house square. They dined at the Woodard.
      Company F, Third regiment, from Bloomington, arrived at 2:45 commanded by Capt. William H. Wilson, First Lieut. Charles Myers, Second Lieut. W. A. Waltz, forty-nine men. They presented a very soldier-like appearance and looked as though they meant business. They were marched from the Big Four depot to the Peoria, Decatur & Evansville junction, where a special train was waiting and in charge of Sheriff Friederick and with some deputies started for Peoria, where they would meet the Peoria company and proceed to Bartonville to make several arrests of the ring leaders, especially John L. Geher.
      Word was received that there were 400 striking coal miners congregated there and the chances are that there will be a fight on hand resisting arrest.
      Company G are stationed in Mineral Spring Park, near Grant & Son and the Bohlander mines, on the east bluff. They have their tents pitched and are happy under military discipline.
      There are a large number of coal miners in the city, but they have not massed, which, it is rumored, they will and march to the east bluff.
      Edward Little was in the city this morning and, although somewhat disfigured, is still on earth. He swore out state warrants for the arrest of John L Geher, one of the principal leaders, charging him with murder, not arson, etc. There are others who are also named in the warrants, whom they also wish to arrest.
      The body of Edward Blower, one of the striking miners who was killed at the riot at Little's coal bank yesterday afternoon, was brought to this city at 11 o'clock last evening by the coroner, and the inquest was being held here today at the city hail. The remains were shipped today to his home at Bartonville. Tho corner's jury was in session most of the day and adjourned till 1:30 Friday afternoon.
      All the buildings about the shaft were burned, including one dwelling house, making the destruction complete, with a loss of about $30,000. A lot of new machinery was also destroyed.
      Edward Little was shot in the arm. James Little got a ball in the right breast and may die. Peter Little, the engineer, was shot through the nose and an eye was damaged.
      William Dickson was pierced through the shoulder and in the leg and stomach and is dead. All these were in the tower. Edward Blower, a striker, was shot through the neck and killed instantly.
      It will take some time to rebuild the shaft. The Littles have been furnishing the Peoria & Pekin Union railroad with coal. This will leave the Peoria & Pekin Union out in the cold for their fuel.
- - - - -
The Militia and What They Did.
      Pekin, June 7. -- [Special.] -- Company F arrived in Pekin at 2:45 and were met by Sheriff Frederick with six deputies and loaded into a special train headed for Wesley City, where the train stopped long enough to allow the deputies to arrest Edward Barley and William Walmsley, two of the miners who participated in yesterday's riot. These men wore put in charge of Company F and the train proceeded to Peoria, where they met Company L. Fifth regiment, and twenty-five deputies with Winchesters. Tho Peoria company and armed deputies were loaded into a Chicago, Burlington & Quincy train, leaving the Bloomington company on the Peoria & Pekin Union train. Both trains left at the same time for Bartonville, where the miners to the number of 1,000 had congregated in the morning.
      The village of Bartonville was taken from two sides, Company L and the Peoria deputies entering from the north and Company F. with Sheriff Friederick from the south, Peter Little and Ed. Little, who fought so bravely the day before, acted as guides, and also identified the miners who took part in the riot the day before.
      In Bartonville they arrested the following; A. D. Mahony, John Escheote, Ed. Lane, D. Ricketts, E. Guppy and G. Schraub, who ware taken to Peoria and, later, taken in custody by Sheriff Friederick and taken to Pekin.
      At Bartonville everything was quiet, no resistance being made by those arrested or the sympathizers. At the approach of the militia the women and children ran to their homes, giving the necessary alarm.
      John Geher, the leader of the strikers, who is now wanted, managed to get away in the morning over the Santa Fe. He will, however, be captured and probably given a sentence in the penitentiary, which he certainly merits.
      Company F did not leave Peoria for Pekin until 8 p. m., and, arriving there, they were quartered in tents at Sulphur Springs Park. Early in the morning one company will go into Peoria county, where they will arrest all the miners who were present at the riot Wednesday. The Sheriff of Tazewell county has decided to arrest all who were connected in any way with the riot, even if the number reaches 500. No trouble is looked for now as the militia has had a very soothing influence on all who were inclined to be turbulent.
      Edward Blower, one of the miners who was so severely injured yesterday, died today in Bartonville, at which place G. Schraub and E. Guppy were arrested. It was a sad sight to see the deputies take away the only men who were sitting with the corpse. The weeping of the women present made it a hard task for the officers.
- - - - -
Demoniac Brutality.
      Peoria, June 7. -- [Special.] -- The fuller accounts from the scene of the riot at the Little mine yesterday show that brutality scarcely conceivable characterized the devilish work of the rioters. One of the Littles who gallantly defended the mine, in his narrative, says: "The rioters secured a two-gallon can of oil and brought it and poured it around the property of the mine. We said: "For God's sake let the men who are in the mine get out!" But they replied: 'Let the ----- ------burn', and set fire to the property. But the men were finally able to get, out through the air shaft. Dixon, the colored man, was trying to get away. They followed him up the hill and shot him three times, leaving him for dead."
      Mr. Little was a gory sight as he moved about, but he was still defiant and strong in his denunciation of the acts of the miners. His story is corroborated by most of those who were seen about the place. His son James was very severely injured and the old man was sorrow-stricken, but seemed to be made of the kind of stuff that we read about in books and novels. He would rather the entire family should go than yield one solitary inch of ground.
- - - - -
Something of the Little Mine.
      Peoria, Ill., June 7. -- [Special.] -- What is known as the Little mine is a coal shaft located in Tazewell county two or three miles below Wesley City, and farther back from the river. It is situated in a dell surrounded by steep bluffs and connection with the railroad is maintained by a spur or switch track which runs directly up to the coal dump. The title to this property is vested in Captain John R. Hilliard of this city, who retired a number of years ago from active business after leasing the mine to the Little brothers. The Littles improved the plant by putting in modern appliances, electric and otherwise, and operating it to the best advantage possible. Their men declared early in the strike that they had.
and they refused to quit work at the demand of the strikers. There were twelve of them in the mine yesterday when the murderous assault was made, and their escape from an awful death was affected with difficulty and obvious risk through the ventilation shaft.
      The attack on this property was carefully planned. Two days ago a reporter was in Bartonville. The miners were then in close communion session in a grove this side of the town. No one was admitted to the council, but those whom the guards at the gates knew to be striking operators. John L. Geher, of Peoria county; E. C. Sloan, of Wesley City, and another man were holding a separate consultation apart from the main body of miners. They refused to disclose the nature of the proceedings, but a miner who rode with the reporter could not conceal his satisfaction over
and he voluntarily stated that the object in view was the checkmating of the Little mine owners and working crew. He qualified the admission, however, by representing that Geher and those cooperating with him proposed leasing some adjoining property for the purpose of bringing the matter to a focus by some mysterious process not described and which no man could construe other than by anticipating violence.
- - - - -
Geher Is the Man Most Wanted.
      Peoria, Ill., June 7. -- [Special.] -- John L. Geher is the man of all men most responsible for the murders and other outrageous crimes of yesterday and he is the man whom the officials are hottest after and determined to bring to justice. When the rioters and the sheriff and his deputies met yesterday, Sheriff Friederick, who is a man of tremendous physique and powerful frame, advanced to accost them. There were from 300 to 500 excited men in the mob, but they halted in obedience to the summons of the official. The sheriff asked for their leader and a man who called himself John L. Geher stepped out flourishing a murderously heavy revolver and declared that he was. Mr. Friederick announced that he as sheriff of Tazewell county demanded of them that they disperse and return peaceably to their homes, but the miners surrounded his small and unarmed force, for there was no available armament in Pekin, and Geher declared with a significant demonstration, his pistol close to the sheriff's head, that they meant business and proposed to stop the mine if it cost life. He told the sheriff to get out of the way and avoid trouble and then the entire mob swept down over the hills and the assault on the property began. Deputy Sheriff Frings, who was close to his chief when the sheriff was browbeaten by the leaders of the gang, swears positively to Geher's identity and just as positively to his riotous language and defiance of the law.
- - - - -
The Action of the Governor.
      Springfield, Ill., June 7. -- [Special.] -- This morning Gov. Altgeld received from the sheriff of Tazewell county, at Pekin, the following message:
A mob of about 300 striking miners from this and surrounding counties this day invaded this county with guns and revolvers and attacked a coal mine while in operation situated about two miles from Wesley City. One man was killed and three seriously wounded, the mine fired and completely destroyed, thereby causing a loss of many thousands of dollars. I, accompanied by thirty special deputies, met the mob before they reached the mine and commanded them to disperse and keep the peace. Having no arms I was unable to enforce any command. I am further informed that a great number of striker's intend attacking two mines situated in the eastern part of this city today. I am totally unable to procure arms. I therefore ask your excellency to send me 300 stands of arms and necessary ammunition to enable me to protect life and property and enforce the law. Signed by J. Friederick, Sheriff.
The governor replied:
We have no arms left here, but I have ordered troops to go to your assistance at once They should be there before noon.
      On request of Sheriff Berry, of Peoria, the governor also ordered Company L, of that city, to report to the sheriff for the purpose of assisting the Tazewell county authorities in suppressing the riot.
- - - - -
The Governor Says Sheriff Friederick has "Done Just Right"
-- The State Purchases Arms.
      Springfield, Ill., June 7. -- [Special.] -- Gov. Altgeld has sent twenty-five stands of arms and 1,000 rounds of ammunition to Canton.
      Sheriff Friederick telegraphs from Pekin that he has arrested eight of the strikers and had fifty more to arrest tomorrow. He had used the militia for the purpose and asked the governor if he approved of his course. The governor replied that the sheriff was doing just right.
      In an interview tonight the governor said: "We have had so many calls for arms and ammunition that our supply has been exhausted, and we find that we have not enough to supply the demand. Today we have arranged for, and are receiving, 150 rifles from Washington. D. C. We will probably purchase more from St. Louis and other places. This is not done for any particular cause, but because we need them and have the chance to buy them."
- - - - -
All Brigadiers Notified.
      Springfield, June 7. -- [Special.] -- Tonight General Orendorff ordered all the brigadier-generals in the state to have their commands in condition for immediate service. This is regarded as ominous of impending trouble, and is presumed to mean that the authorities are in possession of important information which they do not care to divulge.
      Private advices from Chicago tonight are to the effect that all the militia there are under arms and awaiting orders.
      Gov. Altgeld said, at 10 o'clock, that he had issued no such orders, but the fact that Gen. Orendorff has issued the order is beyond question.
      Late tonight the sheriff of Fulton county asked the governor for arms, which were refused, as none are available.
- - - - -
Sleeping in a Bowling Alley.
      Pekin, June 7. -- [Special. | -- Company F is well quartered at Sulphur Springs Park in the bowling alley. A detail of twelve men from the Lincoln company are guarding the jail. An extra number of deputies have been sworn in for service tomorrow, when the bulk of the miners wanted will be arrested.
- - - - -
Arrests Made at Danville.
      Danville, Ill., June 7. -- [Special.] -- At a called meeting today the miners voted to continue their present policy of not permitting the miners to supply coal for local consumption. After the meeting adjourned about 100 miners went out to the Williams farm, in Hungry Hollow, for the purpose of stopping Elmer Alison, who has been mining coal ever since the strike was declared. To their intense chagrin they found that all the coal, about 100 tons, had just been hauled to Piel's brick yard on the same farm. Paul Dewey, Jack Walton, Daniel Shouz and Pat Boyle have been arrested for intimidation. The first three gave bail and Boyle languishes in the county jail.
- - - - -
      Brazil, lnd., June 7. -- Marshal Loderback and a detachment of police arrested six strikers, supposed to be implicated in the killing of Engineer Adam Barr. The coroner is still investigating the case. The officers claim that one of the prisoners has made a confession, giving the names of twenty five persons implicated in the killing of the engineer.
      Washington, lnd., June 7. -- The mine workers' strike is virtually ended so far as this section is concerned and, from good authority, it is learned that the miners will probably resume work Monday. This morning three miners were arrested as accessories to the riot at Cannelsburg, Sunday, and tried and Judge Hefron acquitted one and withheld sentence on the other two. The cars of coal stopped yesterday were released and taken north today.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 23
Friday, June 8, 1894, Page 2
Four Miners Killed.
      Indianapolis, Ind., June 5. -- A special from Sullivan, Ind., to the Sentinel says: Parties who have just come in from Farmersburg report that the military fired on the strikers and killed four men.
      The news has just reached here that the strikers are burning the bridges behind the coal train.
      Herbert and Sam Woolsey, coal operators, have just come in from Shelburn to escape a mob of miners that are after them with a rope.
      Col. Ross just arrived from the south with five companies. They are all waiting here for orders and will probably join McKee's command tomorrow.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 199
Saturday, June 9, 1894, Page 2
John L. Geher Caught Preparing to Skip
-- Talk of Jail Rescue.
      Peoria, Ills., June 9. John L. Geher, leader of the rioters and a former member of the legislature, has been arrested at his boarding house at Edwards station. He offered no resistance to the police and was lodged in the jail here. He was subsequently taken to the Pekin jail. He had just had his whiskers closely trimmed and evidently was preparing to skip. The excitement has largely subsided.
      Sheriff Frederick has sworn in thirty-eight deputy sheriffs for the purpose of guarding the county jail, having received information, that a mob of several hundred Peoria county strikers was preparing for an attack for the purpose of releasing the prisoners. Most of the deputies were formerly members of Company L Seventh regiment L. N. G., now disbanded, and are well drilled. The Bloomington military company has charge of the jail and will let no one within fifty feet of it.
- - - - -
Making, Another Raid on Pana.
      Pana, Ills., June 9. -- Advice received here state that 500 coal miners are en route to stop work at this place. They attempted to board a Baltimore and Ohio Southwestern train at Springfield, but were compelled to get off.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 200
Monday, June 11,1894, Page 1
      Pana. Ill., June 11. -- Everything is quiet this morning. The striking miners held a meeting at 10 o'clock this morning, but its deliberation are not yet known. Very few miners are working today, at least 600 being idle. The day's developments are awaited with anxiety.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 200
Monday, June 11,1894, Page 2
Two Bodies of Strikers Confronted by Chicago Troops and Citizens.
      CHICAGO, June 11. -- At last the military of Chicago has been called into the field to help the authorities in the coal regions maintain the law and the peace, the First regiment with two Gatling guns having received orders to go to Pana, The regiment was almost ready to march and in a short time was en route for the seat of war. The cause of this order was a message received by Governor Altgeld at Springfield from the sheriff at Pana saying: "Striking miners are arriving here in large numbers from all directions. Trouble is imminent and great danger at hand. Send plenty of troops at once."
      The situation at Pana was simply this: A large mob of strikers was camped three miles northwest of Pana, provisioned for a week's stay and declaring they would not leave until, permitted to confer with the men at work in the mines. The sheriff had called on all good citizens for help, and the mayor had issued a proclamation calling upon all citizens to keep the peace, directing the women and children to keep within doors, and commanding all citizens over 18 to assemble at the city hall to aid in enforcing the laws. To both calls the citizens had responded and the town was an armed camp.
      The strikers in town were keeping up communication with those out of town and going out to join them. One gang that went out took two wagon loads of alleged provisions that are believed to have been arms and ammunition, and when this suspicion arose communication was stopped. Farmers in town trading, seeing the look of things, left town for home quickly, and the place was practically in a state of siege. It was estimated that by this morning there would be 1,000 strikers in this neighborhood, and that they proposed to live at the expense of the city. When the leader of the invaders, however, applied to the mayor for food be was promptly refused.
      The Chicago troops reached Pana in due and quick time, and went into camp at Sportsmen's park. Meantime another mob of strikers approached the place and camped two miles north. Then it was that the strikers changed tactics and attempted to get into Pana by stealth in couples and trios. This was headed off as much as possible, and the arrival of the troops did not relieve the deputy sheriffs from duty nor did it prevent the strikers from committing an outrage right in Pana, for they drove out a man and family named Shehan from his home in the northwestern part of the town because he has persisted in the constitutional right of working.
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Rioters Captured Near Peoria.
      Peoria, Ills., June 11. -- The following men have been arrested and lodged in jail for complicity in the Little riot: Ed Pepper, Havel Brown, James Sleek, Pottstown; Scott Vaughn and William Ray, Edwards Station; II. Harris, William Lanning, Robert Drysdale, James Morton, Peter Morton, John Frieland, Albert Foster, Charles Jones, Mike Lanning, Joseph Gillette, William Homwoltz, Dan Frieland, John Morton and James Lacock, Kingston; William Taylor, John Wilson, William Wamsley, Jr., and James Wilson, of Wesley City. The coroner in his verdict recommends that the following be held without bail for murder aud riot, but application will be made to get them out on habeas corpus: Dan Caddall, John Tomey, Milton Hodges, William Wamsley, Jr., James Fay, John Heathcot, William Wamsley, Sr., Joseph Geher, Edward Lane, Douglas Rickelt, John L. Geher, Edward Guppy, George Schraub, Edward Bayley, A. Duchanoy, Chatagnio Mark, Henry Steinsipher, Vincent Jauci, Sandy Lowe, Teddy Maston and Samuel Cunningham.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 201
Tuesday, June 12, 1894, Page 1
Miners Start Out to Destroy, but Change.
The More Conservative Element Wins.
Trouble at Utica Averted This Afternoon
      Ottawa. Ill., June 12. -- A mob of strikers who started from LaSalle last night for the Utica cement works to burn six cars of coal which had been shipped from Pana were persuaded when near Utica by the more conservative among them to give up the project and return to LaSalle.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 201
Tuesday, June 12, 1894, Page 2
Compromise Agreed on at the Columbus Conference
Next Monday Named as the Day for Resumption of Work If All Goes Well
That Much Time Required by the Strike Leaders to Bring the Men Into Line
-- Basis of the Agreement Is 60 Cents for Ohio and 60 for Pennsylvania
-- The Ohio President Refuses to Sign, But It is Declared Final.
      Columbus, O., June 12. -- The conference of operators and leaders of the Miners' union has agreed and work is to be resumed in all the mines in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, if the aforesaid leaders can induce their followers to accept the compromise.
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      Pana, Ills. -- The militia have been ordered home and a special train has taken them away.
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      Peoria, Ills. -- Fully half a dozen mines in this county resumed operations here this morning under the protection of eighty deputy sheriffs.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 201
Tuesday, June 12, 1894, Page 5
Prospects of Settlement of the Strike There and Elseware
      As stated in The Argus heretofore, the indications are that the coal strike, as far as it affects the mines at Cable, Gilchrist and Viola, will be adjusted this week, and the miners
      The Coal Valley Mining company has taken advantage of the suspension of operations and put its mining property in a state of thorough repair, having overhauled the machinery, etc., and yesterday the company notified the miners that it was ready to resume. The miners in a spirit of entire friendliness to the company, at once held a meeting on the subject, and the probabilities are that in a day or two will return. If they do the Gilchrist and Viola mines will follow suit, and the Coal Valley men having, as reported before, returned to work, the mining troubles, as far as this locality is concerned, will be ended.
Orderly and Law Abiding.
      The attitude of the miners at Cable, Gilchrist and Viola as well in fact as those at Coal Valley, while they were out has been decidedly in contrast with the lawless conduct of the strikers at Pana, Pekin and elsewhere in Illinois, and in Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Colorado. They have been orderly and law-abiding, have manifested no hostility or unfriendliness toward the company and have demonstrated that their fight was for principle, and they were disposed to act like gentlemen rather than toughs.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 202
Wednesday, June 13, 1894, Page 1
Geher Held for Murder.
      Peoria, Ills., June 13. -- The jury in the case of William Dickson, one of the men killed at the Little mine, concluded its work and recommended that J. L. Geher, as leader of the mob, and James Magnum, Dan Caddell and John Heathcoat and several unknown persons be held without bail for complicity in the killing.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 202
Wednesday, June 13, 1894, Page 2
A Good Deal of Kicking Over That Agreement.
Illinois Miners Not Likely to Accept the Schedule
-- Meeting Called tor Next Saturday
-- Ridgely's Reflection on
      Springfield, Ills., June 13. The representative of the Associated Press interviewed State President Crawford in regard to the Columbus settlement of the coal strike. He stated that be had received no official information as to the announced agreement, but if the report as published in the newspapers was correct, the Springfield and southern Illinois miners will not accept it. The only communication President Crawford had received from national headquarters was instructions to call a convention of the miners of districts 4, 5 and 6, and he immediately issued a call for the convention to meet in this city on Saturday next.
Views of a Consolidated Man.
      Charles Ridgely, president of the Consolidated Coal company, was also interviewed, He considers the settlement very important so far as Indiana, Ohio, and Pennsylvania are concerned, not because of the rates of wages fixed in the scale adopted, for he expects to adhere to the rate of wages a which he has heretofore paid without regard to the settlement at Columbus. But he thinks that President McBride must now be in a dilemma out of which a settlement of the strike in Illinois on the operators' terms must result almost immediately, "It is getting to be generally believed," said Ridgely, "that the strike was concocted by Ellsworth and McBride, and that the deal having been worked out both of the parties are anxious to end the strike."
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The Reception the Columbus Agreement Receives at Various Points.
      Chicago, June 13. -- The agreement at Columbus between operators and miners is received in a variety of styles in the different coal regions, getting a good deal of cold shoulder. It is particularly hard on men who went on "sympathy" strikes and now find their wages cut as much in some cases as 10 cents a ton. The miners of northern Illinois are greatly dissatisfied. Many of them strongly condemn it as a defeat for the miners and say they will not accept it. Expressions as reported by telegraph are summarized as follows:
      Streator, Ills. -- The miners of the Streator district are indignant at the action of the Columbus convention. They say they went into the strike to maintain last year's prices, and are now compelled to take a reduction. A convention of miners of the district will be called, and it is probable that it win be decided to remain out.
      Spring Valley, Ills. -- The receipt of the news from Columbus has temporarily changed the plans of the army that was to move on Kewanee. The streets are thronged with men talking over the situation. Every man condemns the work of the Columbus conference, and says he will not go to work at the 10 cents reduction. President McBride comes in for a big share of abuse, and many miners say it is a sell out. There is one thing certain the men of this district will not go to work, and their determination to stay out until last year's prices are restored is greater than ever.
      Pans, Ills. The Columbus conference is believed here to have no effect on the coal industry at this place. While the miners of central Illinois are out merely in sympathy with the east it seems impossible, or nearly so, to get men to go to work, here so long as a mob of strikers remains as a menace within an hour's march of the city. The merchants and houses were asked for food for the strikers. The donations were not large.
      Pekin, Ills. The miners of this district are very much pleased over the result of the conference at Columbus and are anxious to go to work. The rioters in jail when informed of the decision gave three cheers.
      Centralia, Ills. When the dispatches announced the action of the Columbus meeting the leaders in the strike movement here were asked what effect the agreement would have on the miners here. Neil Steele, the representative for the miners in this district at the previous convention, said that the settlement effected at the Columbus conference in no way affected the southern Illinois district, and the miners here would not be governed by anything done at that convention.
      Galva, Ills. There are three companies mining coal here employing now about 100 men. They are non-union and but few of them yielded to the entreaties and threats of the Spring Valley committee which visited them a few weeks ago. They receive 80 cents a ton and have no grievance.
      Minonk, Ills. -- At a miners' meeting here, which was held in the grove in the north part of the city, the miners expressed dissatisfaction with the 10 cents reduction per ton, and some of the men say they think President McBride has sold out. The men say they positively will not go to work at this rate
In Indiana there is a good deal of dissatisfaction among both operators and men as witnesses the following: Brazil, Ind. -- The scale fixed for the ensuing year by the United Mine Workers and operators at Columbus is not meeting the approbation of the operators here. The scale places block coal 10 cents in advance of bituminous coal, and the operators say it should be only 5 cents. Several of the most prominent block coal operators of this district were interviewed and they were all of the opinion that they had not been fairly dealt with. They refused to state whether they would be bound by the scale or not, claiming that the matter would have to be discussed by all the operators of the district before a decision could be reached. The miners, though to some extent defeated in their efforts, are satisfied. It is evident that the end of the strike is not here yet.
      Washington, Ind. -- The coal miners of this vicinity are very sick of the Columbus settlement, as it reduces the rate paid for mined coal 10 cents on the ton. The miners of this section had no grievance, but went out through sympathy, and are feeling very sore over the turn of affairs. Operators are trying to get an expression from their men, but they will not talk. No coal has been mined in this section since the Cannellsburg riot, but everything is quiet. There is some suffering among the families of the miners for the necessities of life.
      Terre Haute, Ind. -- Operators here claim have no official notice of the settlement of the strike. The settlement reported in the newspapers makes a reduction, and they doubt if Indiana miners will agree to it. Until J. Smith Talley, the Indiana representative to Columbus, returns the operators here say they will be uncertain as to the outcome. Citizens generally and manufacturers believe the strike is over, and they much rejoice over the prospect of revival of industry.
      Farmersburg, Ind. -- By tomorrow all the coal mines in Sullivan, where the struggle has been the most intense, will be in operation. Farmersburg miners went to work yesterday morning. Those at Shelburn also returned to work. Alum Cave, Jackson Hill, Hyemera, Star City, and Curryville have been heard from. The mines at all these places will be started within forty-eight hours.
      Sullivan, Ind. -- The excitement over the miners' strike has subsided and it is believed the troubled is over. The soldiers are being ordered home. There are no troops at Shelburn. The miners are very tired of their enforced idleness, having been out of work since May 1 and are in very bad circumstances. It is universally believed that they will accept the Columbus compromise and resume work.
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Will Stay Out for a Raise.
      Centralia. Ills., June 13. -- The Columbus conference made no scale for southern Illinois miners, and so a meeting of strikers was held here to decide what should be done. The men struck out of sympathy, having no grievance against the 56½ cents a ton they were getting. The meeting, however, decided to continue the strike on a new line for an increase to 62½ cents a ton winter and summer. The operators say they won't pay it.
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A Striker fined Ten Dollars.
      Marion, Ills., June 13. -- The first case of the Carterville strike trouble, that of Rev. McGinnis has terminated in a verdict of guilty and $10 fine. The other cases about twenty in all, were dismissed with the understanding that all interfering with work at Carterville cease.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 203
Thursday, June 14, 1894, Page 2
Illinois Strikers, Reject the Columbus Scale.
Ten Thousand Miners Represented and Solutions Adopted Repudiating the Action at Columbus and Those Who Agreed Thereto
-- Resignation of the National Officers and a National Convention Demanded
-- Springfield Operators Offer a Schedule
-- Notes From the Strike Region
      Spring Valley, Ills., June 14. -- The miners of northern Illinois will hold together as firm as bands of steel. All thoughts of them even considering the Columbus compromise are now dispelled. At a delegate meeting here yesterday afternoon, at which at least 10,000 miners were represented, it was unanimously voted to never dig a ton of coal until the operators restore last year's prices. It is a fight to the death. From now on the operators will not only have the foreign miners to combat, but the English speaking miners who have maintained a discreet silence all along have now grown out of patience and the battle will wax hotter and fiercer than ever.
Murray and Adams Indorsed.
      Vice President Murray has returned from the Columbus convention and spoke. Murray, as did President Adams, of Ohio, refused to sign the scale that is held in contempt by the miners of this district, and many are the praises they have received for their attitude. At the meeting the following resolutions were unanimously adopted and they are very expressive of the feelings of the miners of this district:
Whereas, We have been notified by J. W. Murray, the representative of Illinois at the late conference of miners and operators held at Columbus, O., that our national president, John McBride, and the national executive board of the United Mine Workers of America, did prepare and present a scale for mining coal to the said conference involving a reduction of 10 cents per ton in this and other localities; and
The Columbus Scale Repudiated
      "Whereas, we, the miners of Spring Valley, Ills., in mass meeting assembled, believe such action on the part of the national officers to be a cowardly surrender of the principles for which we were contending, to wit: last year's prices; therefore, be it:
      "Resolved, That we repudiate the action of our national officers in adopting the aforesaid scale.
      "Resolved, That we call upon our national officers and the members of the executive board who signed the aforesaid scale to resign from the positions which they have disgraced. And we demand that the present officers shall call a delegate convention of the miners of the United States for the purpose of electing new officers and devising ways and means for continuing the present suspension.
      "Resolved, That we demand the principle of the referendum in all measures of importance.
      "Resolved. That we demand that the national convention be called at the earliest day possible."
Encouragement from Adams.
      These same resolutions are likely to be adopted by every local union in tbe northern field, and possibly in the southern and central fields also. The following telegram was received here by Vice President Murray from President Adams, of Ohio, which has an encouraging effect on the men here: "The executive board signed over my head. Men won't accept a compromise. Stand firm. All will yet be well."
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A Desire Expressed That McBride Be Fired" Promptly.
      Washington, Ind., June 14. -- At a gathering of 2,000 miners at White Oak, a station five miles east of here, they passed resolutions not to return to work under the McBride order and selected delegates to the state meeting at Terre Haute next Tuesday instructed to use all means to have McBride "fired" from the organization. Several of the local unions passed resolutions to burn their charters and suspend organization until the matter is settled. Operators say that the men will have to abide by the Columbus order or there will be no work.
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Indications That Trouble May Break Out at Any Moment.
      PANA. Ills.. June 14. -- State President Crawford is here in an endeavor to bring about a recognition by the operators of the Miners' union. Another large shipment of guns and ammunition has been received from the state arsenal. Two train loads of coal and slack have gone out. There are threats of bridge burning by the strikers to prevent these shipments.
      There were 250 accessions to Camp Pope last night of strikers, and they say they are coming into town today. The camp now numbers 600 men, 200 of which are negroes. Arms are now to be seen in their hands.
      Pana. Ills., June 14. -- A crisis is approaching in the coal miners' strike. Permission was asked of the authorities here to make a parade by the strikers at Camp Pope and sympathizers in the city. The permit was not granted. The strikers then asked Govenor Altgeld for protection and the privilege to parade today, stating that they proposed carrying the United States flag. It is believed that if strikers insist on parading rioting will ensue.
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Offer Made by the Operators.
      Springfield, Ills., June 14. -- The coal operators of the Springfield sub-district met and passed resolutions to the effect that as the settlements effected at Columbus, O. does not include the central and southern Illinois fields the operators submit the following prices to be paid until May 1, 1895. Thirty-five cents per ton gross, or 52½ cents per ton net, over 1½ inch screen, or $2.50 per day, work to be resumed June 18. The miners of this district will hold a convention here next Saturday.
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LaSalle Men Continue to Strike.
      LaSalle, Ills., June 14. The miners of this vicinity held a meeting at which resolutions were adopted denouncing the action of the delegates at Columbus and calling for the resignation of President McBride and others who signed the compromise. They also resolved not to go to work unless they were paid last year's prices.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 24
Friday, June 15, 1894, Page 1
Miners Are Going to Work in Many Places and All Cursing McBride.
A Resume of the Situation
-- What is Being Done by the Operators and Strikers Locally and Generally.
      Peoria, June 14. -- [Special.] -- The strike of the mine workers is at an end, so far at least, as the Peoria district is concerned, and in a day or two more every mine in the district will be running. The miners are just awakening to the true state of affairs, and now understand that they have been sold out and betrayed by McBride et al., the leaders, and curses loud and deep are being heaped upon the heads of these representatives of the mine workers who signed the wage scale at Columbus last Monday. The trouble in the Peoria district is at an end, and a number of mines will start up tomorrow morning, besides those that were started yesterday.
      The Peoria water company has received three car-loads of coal from Mercer county. Three car-loads came in from the Newsam mine yesterday evening, and three more followed from the mines at Mapleton, and in a few days hence the P. & P. U. yards will be full of cars loaded with coal.
      Sholl Bros, came to an understanding with their men yesterday, and sixty miners will start in tomorrow morning.
      Last evening the Wesley miners held a meeting and appointed a committee of three to meet the Sholl miners today. Sholl says that they will need no deputies, and that within a few days they will be operating with a force of 225 men in the mines. The price agreed upon is an increase of 4 cents per ton over the price of 1893, which was 48 cents per ton, including the sharpening of tools, which is figured at the rate of 2 cents per ton; the price now is 52 cents per ton, including sharpening of tools -- mine run coal.
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The News From Pekin.
      Pekin, June 14. -- [Special.] -- Squire Rhodes' court was busy all day with the preliminary examinations of the numerous striking coal minors implicated in the riot at Little's coal mine on the afternoon of June 6. Peter Morten, Rocert Drydale, Bryan Lannon, Charles Jones and Henry Harris were given a hearing and held, without bail, on the charge of murder and arson, to the special term of the July circuit court. Patrick Hughes, William Taylor, John Wilson, James Wilson, William Reay, Scott Vaughn, Edward Hughes, Lawrence Coogan, John Quick and William Bailey waived examination and were held, without bail, to the special term of the July circuit court, charged with murder and arson.
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A Pantagraphic Record of the Doings of the Strikers Yesterday.
      Springfield, June 14. -- [Special.] -- There has been a little trouble at Carlinville and Litchfield in the last twenty-four hours, but otherwise the situation in the mining district is peaceful.
      Disquieting dispatches were received from Pana this afternoon, but H. M.Schuyler, the banker of that city, was here attending the congressional convention and said that the rumor was undoubtedly of a sensational nature and practically without foundation. There were a great many miners in camp there, but they were well behaved. A meeting of some 1,500 of them will be held at Millersville, two miles this side of Pana, tonight and addressed by State President Crawford, who is also the Populist candidate for congress in this district. The Populist farmers in the vicinity are supplying the miners with food, and today one of them killed a beef and sent it to the camp. Mayor Hayward was in the city today and held a secret conference with Gov. Altgeld, the exact nature of which is not known.
      Sixty stands of arms were sent to Litchfield today to he employed by the deputies in preserving tho peace. Strikers are centering there and threaten to stop the moving of coal trains.
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Resume at Athens and Cantrall.
      Springfield, III., June 14. -- The mines at Athens and Cantrall, this district, resumed operations today.
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Repudiate Columbus Settlement.
      Danville, Ill., June 14. -- At the meeting of the Danville local of the United Mine Workers, this afternoon, they repudiated the Columbus settlement and elected a delegate to the Springfield meeting Saturday. The Danviile local includes the consolidated mines of this vicinity, except Mission field, The Glenburn, Kellyville, Grape Creek and Fairmount unions also send delegates to Springfield. The miners here are looking both to Springfield and Terre Haute for a settlement. They say they will not settle until the Indiana miners come to an agreement. Whether they will go to Missionfield and again compel the miners there to come out, is being debated.
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Will Resume by Monday.
      Fairbury, Ill., June 14. -- [Special.] -- The coal situation changed somewhat today, inasmuch that the cooperative miners announced that they would begin working their shaft tomorrow, and as soon as they get everything cleaned up below they will begin raising the much sought for article in this section. It is thought, unless something unforeseen happens, coal will be raised by them by Monday at the latest. What Walton Bros. will do is now wondered by the people. The men who were in their employ before the strike have not, up to date, had a meeting. Neither have appointed a committee to confer with the Walton Bros, and thus agree on a scale for the future. The strike has cost the operators a large amount on account that all the rooms are caved in and it requires a good deal of time and labor to get things properly arranged.
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At Lincoln.
      Lincoln, June 14. -- [Special.] -- The south shaft, Harts & Frorer, has put four men to elevating coal, and this evening 100 miners went to the shaft and entreated the men to come out. One of them was given a shaking up but was not hurt. Serious trouble is anticipated if the men attempt to continue work. The company says the mine will be put in operation Monday. If it is done there will be trouble.
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Resume at Danville.
      Danville, III., June 14. -- [Special.] -- This morning, about forty day men went to work at the Mission Field strip coal bank, which is operated by the Consolidated Coal Company. It is expected that sixty more, making up the full force, will all be working tomorrow. At mine No. 4, where the Consolidated Coal Company has 400 miners, a few miners appeared with their buckets this morning, but no coal was hoisted. A large number of the miners are dissatisfied with the Columbus adjustment and say they will stay out for 60 cents, which is a 5 cent raise. At a mass meeting today, Daniel Shouse was appointed delegate to the Springfield conference next Saturday.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 24
Friday, June 15, 1894, Page 2
The Trouble Between the Men and Some at Decatur
-- Miners at Peoria Will Go to Work.
      Springfield, III., June 11. -- [Special.] -- Gov. Altgeld issued an order at 4 o'clock this afternoon for the removal of the troops from Pana. This action has created a good deal of surprise here, as the mob at Pana is steadily augmenting in numbers, and is known to be threatening in its proportions. By some, it is regarded as a feint, to throw the miners off their guard and lead them to make some demonstration, the troops being held subject to immediate call at a convenient distance from the city. Nothing is positively known, however, beyond the fact that the troops have been recalled. If the order is intended to mean a return to Chicago, it is only another evidence of the governor's vacillating policy.
      Only seventy-one miners out of 800 went to work at Pana this morning. The object of the miners' movement on Pana has thus practically been attained, as work is practically at a standstill. Col. Bayle had an interview with the leader in their camp yesterday. The men told him that they had plenty of food and money, and that the farmers were supplying them with meat, milk and butter. They had resolved to stay there all summer, if it is necessary, to keep the Pana miners from working. There are about 2,000 men in the camp and others are constantly arriving.
      The state's attorney of Christian county has given an opinion to the effect that the invading miners cannot be removed so long as no breach of the place is committed. The miners assert that no overt act will be attempted.
      The following is the official correspondence in regard to tho removal of the troops from Pana:
      Pana, Ill., June 11. -- To Gen. A. Orendorff: The Sheriff and I have just returned from the miners' camp and he has wired the governor to withdraw the troops.
(Signed.) H. E. BAYLE
      Pana, Ill., June 11 -- To Gov. John P. Altgeld: I have made a thorough investigation of the situation and believe that, with my deputies and the special deputies employed at the different mines, I can handle the matter here. I respectfully ask the withdrawal of the troops.
(Signed.) H. A. Johnson, Sheriff.
      Springfield, Ill., June 11. -- To Col. Henry L. Turner, Commanding First Infantry. Illinois National Guard, Pana, Ill.: The sheriff of Christian county having advised the governor that he does not need the troops any longer, and also asking that they be withdrawn, you are ordered to return with your command to Chicago and there dismiss it.
      The governor thanks you and the officers and men in your command for their soldierly conduct in reporting so promptly for duty, your ability to report with your entire command at a distant, point in so short a time being especially appreciated. By order of the Governor.
(Signed) Alfred Orendorff, Adjutant-General.
      The following general orders, amending general order No. 7, were issued today: It is not the business of the soldiers to act as custodians or guards of private property. The law authorizes thorn simply to assist the civil authorities in preserving the peace, quelling riots and executing the law. Whenever troops have been or may hereafter be called out, and an owner of property feels it necessary to have it guarded he must do so at his own expense, and in such case troops should be stationed near enough to promptly quell any disturbance, if any should occur.
(Signed.) John P. Altgeld, Commander-in-Chief.
By order of the Commander-In-Chief. Alfred Orendorff, Adjutant-General
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 204
Friday, June 15, 1894, Page 2
A Case of Rival Leadership Developed.
To Decide Whether It Is Work or Play
-- McBride Looks on and Takes Notes
-- Several Meetings of Miners Follow the Example of Spring Valley Men
-- Work Resumed at Some Places, but the Trouble Far from Settlement
      Columbus, O., June 11. -- President A. A. Adams, of the Ohio Miners' association (district No. 6), has issued a call for a meeting of the miners in Columbus Tuesday, June 19. He asks the miner to select their best men to represent them, as business of vast importance will have to be acted upon. Secretary McBryde, of the National Miners' organization, states that unless the compromise is accepted by the miners a general meeting will be called at which the national officers will tender their resignations. McBryde gives it as his opinion that unless the Ohio miners accept the agreement they will be compelled to go back to work at 40 cents a ton instead of 60. The national officers formerly treated Adams and his theories with contempt, but since he has so strong a following and indorsement of his course on the agreement he is recognized as a formidable factor.
Adams After McBride's Place.
      President McBride recognizes the importance of giving the Adams movement a more than passing attention. Adams telegraphed J. W. Murray, vice president of the Illinois miners, that the executive board had signed over his head; that the men would not accept the compromise, and asking him to stand firm. Murray at the recent meeting refused, with Adams, to sign the scale. The harmony of action between these two, together with the fact that the miners are following Adams, holding meetings and demanding the resignation of the national officers, leads to the conclusion that Adams is getting in line to fill McBride's place should the latter resign. McBride claims that the action of the executive board in signing the scale was in accord with the views of the district presidents, of whom Adams was one.
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Indiana Miners at Brazil Will Now Vote on the Compromise.
      Brazil, Ind., June 15. -- The miners have received the official report of the Columbus convention. A meeting was immediately called for this afternoon, when a vote will be taken as to accepting the scale. The miners are exceedingly dissatisfied, and it is thought the scale will be rejected. Vice President P. H. Penna is in the city, and will attend the meeting and endeavor to induce the men to accept the scale. Penna said the scale was the very best that could be gotten for the miners, as other laborers had been reduced 40 per cent. where the miners have only been reduced 19 per cent. One miner informed Penna that McBride and Dunkerly would be asked to resign, to which Penna replied that all of the officers had already tendered their resignations.
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Strike Situation at Danville, Ills.
-- Talk of the Miners
      Danville, June 15. -- It is believed here that when the Mission Field miners went to work yesterday morning the beginning of the end of the strike in the Danville field was seen. At a meeting of the Danville local of the United Mine Workers they repudiated the Columbus settlement and elected a delegate to the Springfield meeting tomorrow. The Danville local includes the Consolidated mines in this vicinity, excepting Mission Field. Glenburn, Kellyville, Grape Creek and Fairmount unions will also send delegates to Springfield.
      The miners here are looking both to Springfield and Terre Haute for a settlement. They claim that Clinton, Ind., operators pay 10 cents more per ton for freight than from the Danville field, and that this makes 14 cents difference, and say they will not settle until the Indiana miners come to an agreement. Whether they will go out to Mission Field and again compel the miners there to come out is being debated.
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Couldn't Move 'Em Without Guns.
      Springfield, Ills., June 15. -- United States Marshal Brinton being unable to do anything at Mount Olive, where strikers had side tracked twelve cars of coal on the Chicago, Peoria and St. Louis railway, the company secured fifty stand of arms and ammunition from the state and had them sent to Mount Olive to arm the special deputy marshals. This move was successful and trains are now moving as usual.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 204
Friday, June 15, 1894, Page 4
Mines That Resume Operations
      Springfield, Ills., June 15. -- The mines at Athens and Cantrell, in this district. have resumed operations, it is believed the strike will be satisfactorily settled.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 205
Saturday, June 16, 1894, Page 2
Vice President Penna Talks Them Into Acquiescenes
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Action of the Columbus Convention Ignored and McBride Notified.
      Streator, Ills., Jan 14. -- At a mass meeting of miners of Streator field held here it was decided not to accept the scale of wages adopted at the Columbus conference, and to continue the strike until last year's scale is restored. The following resolution was adopted unanimously: "Resolved, That we ignore the action of the Columbus convention; that we notify President McBride by telegram of the decision of the meeting and that all shafts be idle until all go to work together." The miners at Streator clay works went to work, but were notified to come out. If they do not do so there may be trouble, as the men are determined that no work shall be done.
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Still on the Rampage at Mount Olive.
      Litchfield, Ills., Jun 16. -- At Mount Olive, Ills., the striking coal miners were still on the rampage. Every freight train that passed through Mount Olive over the Wabash and C. P., P. and St. L. road was flagged by them and searched to see whether or not coal was being hauled. The seals of box cars were broken, but the contents were not tampered with. About 800 miners were present, and all were armed with clubs, baseball bats and brass knuckles, but did not display firearms of any kind.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 205
Saturday, June 16, 1894, Page 5
Vice President Penna Talks Them Into Acquiescenes
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Cable Miners About Ready to Resume Work.
      The indications are that the miners of the Coal Valley Mining company at Cable will return to work next Monday. A number of meetings have been held the past week, and as the backbone of the strike is conceded to be broken and colliers are taking up their picks again in various parts of the country, those at Cable it is believed will be ready for duty Monday morning. The pay car went out this afternoon in charge of Supt. Sudlow, and it is believed that on reaching Cable the miners may make known their intentions in the matter.
At Gilchrist and Viola. Also.
      If the Cable miners return, those at Gilchrist and Viola will adopt the same course.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 206
Monday, June 18, 1894, Page 1
Some Colliers Return and Some Do Not.
Reports From the Various Illinois Districts
That Springfield Conference and Result
      Ottawa, III., June 18. -- The miners at Marseilles resumed work this morning. The LaSalle miners refuse to go to work at the scale adopted by the Columbus convention, it is probable that the Streator miners who refused to go to work today will resume next Monday, as many of them are suffering for want of the necessities of life. None of the 20 bank mines in this vicinity are being worked.
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The Springfield Conference.
      Springfield, Ill., June 18. -- It now appears that the conference of miners which has been going on here the past two days came to naught. Several leading operators said this morning that the scale prepared would not be accepted by them. The conference of the operators will be called today or tomorrow.
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Estimated Cost of the Great Strike of Miners
Their Share of the Shortage Being Put at $12,500,000
-- Indications That the Trouble Is Nearing Its End, in Spite of the Objectors
-- McBride and Adams Shake Hands and Become Reconciled
-- Indiana a Center of Difficulty, and Illinois not Decided.

      Chicago, June 18. -- After a loss to all parties interested of, as estimated, 20,000,000 the great strike in the coal regions seems to be in a fair way to end. It is figured that of this great loss the miners will have to stand $12,500,000 in wages not earned while the other $7,500,000 represents what it has cost the Operators, the states for the use of troops in attempting to maintain order and others affected by the stoppage. The striker as said above, seems about ended. This Is not so much because the men all want to go to work, for many districts have taken the opposite course; but because so many have concluded to stand by the compromise that the others will have to go to work sooner or later.
A Future Possibility.
      There seems at this writing but one thing that may give the strike a fresh start and that is hardly possible -- the reversal of the determination of the men who have decided to go to work. One of the most significant events that indicate a close of the strike is the reconciliation of Adams, the Ohio president, and McBride. This took place at a large meeting at Nelsonville, O. McBride was wildly cheered and after statements from the various speakers McBride and Adams shook hands and the meeting wound up in a general love feast. District President Adams, seeing that his opposition to the compromise was futile took the Best course out of his dilemma. The miners adopted resolutions accepting the compromise and affirming their intention of resuming work at once.
Where the Scale In Favored
      The scale has been endorsed or favorable action in that direction taken at the following points: Coshocton, O.; Minonk, Ills. -- here the miners looked with favor on a proposition made by the operators, but fear to go to work until a settlement is reached elsewhere in the state; Pa. -- where an agreement was made between the employers and employes that may result in a settlement. In the two last mentioned districts there was no specific rate named by the Columbus conference, the scale requiring to be governed by the figures agreed to for other districts.
What the Mine Owners Think.
      The belief is general among mine owners and operators in this city that 90 per cent, of the miners will be at work this morning under the Columbus scale of wages. The discontent mostly centered in the Hocking Valley in Ohio and was fostered by President Adams. James H. Ellsworth and others are in receipt of telegrams from that section saying that the miners had accepted the Columbus settlement and would go to work. The fact mentioned in the foregoing that Adams and McBride have buried the hatchet has, of course, a distinct and very influential bearing on the matter. It is held here that the Illinois miners despite indications will not likely hold out against the Columbus scale when it is explained in detail.
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Meeting at Terre Haute Takes Radical Action Against Compromise.
      The most vigorous as resistance to the Columbus scale was developed at the meeting at Terre Haute. There a delegate convention -- as far as it could -- knocked the whole agreement to pieces. National Vice President Penna was refused permission to address the gathering. State President Dunkerly's resignation was called for and before he could reply, and with a refusal of a hearing, his office was declared vacant and G. W. Purcell, a young man of 26 years, was elected in his stead. Purcell had been vice president under Dunkerly.
      The vote to reject the Columbus scale and stand out until the 70-cent rate was obtained was almost unanimous, while the men who signed the Columbus agreement were bitterly denounced and all their resignations demanded. The belief in Indiana is that this act means a fiercer conflict than ever, and that where an operator attempts to start his mine there will be trouble. The block coal miners were the dissenters and voted against the action taken at almost every point, but the bituminous men were in the majority largely carried things their way.
      News from Brazil, Ind., is that the block coal men are greatly dissatisfied. When the report reached Brazil crowds of strikers congregated and many declared they would return to work if they had to carry Winchesters for protection. The miners in the county will not begin operations today, as most of the operators have not expressed a willingness to pay the price. The block miners will hold a mass meeting at Brazil one day this week to determine whether they shall notify the operators that they are willing to go to work or continue the strike. If a strike is voted part of the strikers will return to work. Brazil, Harmony, Centerpoint and in this city the miners voted Friday to go to work and it is generally believed they will at all hazards go to work soon.
      The worst blow to McBride was the refusal of his home district that of Massilon, O., to accept the compromise. The men voted against indorsing the agreement and demanded that there be no national compromise. The miners at Dillonville and Long Run, on the Wheeling and Lake Erie, however, have decided to resume work. At New Philadelphia, O.,the men resolved to hold out for the 70-cent rate and denounced Governor McKinley for calling out the troops. Yet it is the belief that the miners there will accept the scale in the end.
      The miners of the Wilmington, Ills., field also held a meeting, at which the sentiment to reject was unanimous, and a resolution was adopted calling for a national convention on July 2, or earlier if possible
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 206
Monday, June 18, 1894, Page 5
The Colliers at Cable Take up Their Picks.
Every thing Running as Canal and the Coal Trains Put on Again
-- Factories ln Good Shape Once More.
      As predicted in The Argus of Saturday, the miners and others employed in the mines of the Coal Valley Mining company at Cable, are back at work again. The men to the number of 400 entered the shaft this morning and resumed operations. The consequence is, the Coal Valley Mining company announces its readiness to supply all needs for coal from this on, and the coal trains 9 and 12, which were withdrawn at the time the strike was declared, were started again this morning on the Cable branch of the R. I. & P. road.
The Factories
      While as a rule the coal famine, like the financial flurry of last fall, has cut little figure with Rock Island, the need of fuel has been felt as a matter of course, and it has interfered with some of the factories, although the stove works suffered little suspension, and the plow works managed to hold out until very recently, and may now start at any time, though this has not yet been decided. The factories in Moline, where the strike has been most seriously felt, are expected to resume in a few days.
      At Gilchrist and Viola, the mines are about to start again, the men having from the first been guided in their course by the attitude of their brother colliers at the Coal Valley Mining company's plant.
No Ill Feeling
      The mines are started again with the best of feeling all around, as far as this section of the state is affected. The miners had no grievance, as far as the companies hiring them were concerned, from the first, and so maintained. Wages and work were satisfactory. They were induced to go out on behalf of "what they believed was a great principle which they were obliged to respect. That such was their position their conduct during the period of suspension, which lacks but a little of being a month, has amply verified. They have been orderly and well behaved, and have manifested no inclination or desire to molest or destroy property, feeling as indeed the companies in this part of the state have all along, that time would right the situation and restore the men to their work.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 207
Tuesday, June 19, 1894, Page 1
Miners Go to Work in a Number of Districts.
Troops Sent to Mt. Olive to Assist the Authorities in Arresting Men Who Stopped the Moving of Trains
-- Operators Generally Reject the Scale Decided Upon at Springfield
      Chicago, June 19. -- Telegrams from the mining regions show that resumption of work, while not general, was quite large enough to make any effort to continue the strike elsewhere futile unless the workers can be persuaded to quit again. Indiana and Illinois continue to be discontented, and while many men nave gone to work in Ohio and Pennsylvania there is no news of resumption in the two former states, the condition of things being so serious at Mount Olive, Ills., that Governor Altgeld ordered a Chicago regiment of troops there. The Illinois operators have rejected the scale gotten up by the miners' conference at Springfield.
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A Statement of the Reasons Why Troops Were Sent There.
      Mount Olive, Ills., June 19. -- The mining situation at this point is now assuming a serious and threatening aspect. Four hundred members of the Seventh regiment Illinois infantry, under command of Francis L Colby, are now encamped and awaiting orders. They are here to assist the United Stales marshals in arresting the unruly miners who for the past week have been conducting things here with such a high hand stopping freight trains, rioting, breaking car seals, and when coal was found not permitting it to be carried through the city, but unloading and taking it home. The grand jury of this (Macoupin) county last week found indictment, and warrants were issued for the arrest of 110 miners so charged. Last Saturday night United States Marshal Brinton and his seven assistants made an effort to arrest the guilty ones on these warrants, but to no avail, as they were surrounded by the angry miners and forced to release their prisoners.
      Owing to the presence of the militia the guilty ones are now being arrested as fast as found. Tbe United States marshals, assisted by City Marshal Fitzsimmons, have arrested twenty-five strikers up to this writing. About 400 of the miners held a secret meeting and passed resolutions to the effect that they would hereafter molest no trains passing through the city, and would also willingly surrender all guilty parties wanted to the authorities. A committee was appointed to telegraph Governor Altgeld asking him to countermand the order for troops and have him stop them at Litchfield, as they did not want the disgrace of having it said that their presence was needed here. It was all to no avail, however, as troops the came just the same.
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They Decline to Pay the Scale Demanded by the Miners.
      Springfield, Ills., June 19. -- Committees of miners throughout the Springfield sub-district presented a scale of prices to each operator and requested acquiescence in the demands. The operators refused and will hold a convention today in this city. They say the miner's demands are extravagant, being 10 cents more than what was paid when the strike was inaugurated, and that they will not pay them. Charles Ridgely, president of the Consolidated Coal company, owner of eighty-three mines in southern Illinois, declined to state at present what action his company would take. Secretary Guyman, of the state Miners union, said some individual operators of the Springfield district had offered to pay the scale demanded by the miners, but on the condition that the operators all over the state would pay the scale. The Miner's union would not agree to this.
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No Sign of Peace Here.
      Pana, Ills., June 19. -- The striking coal miners held a meeting here and ratified the action taken by the delegates to the Springfield conference. The operators say that they will pay such prices as they can, hire and discharge such men as they please. In short, will conduct their business without regard to any union or conference scale. The shafts are still guarded by deputies; also the
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Brazil Miners Undecided.
      Brazil, Ind., June 19. -- The miners of this city met to decide whether they would return to work in a body or stand by the decision of the state convention. As other points of the county were not represented it was decided to hold a mass meeting tomorrow morning, when a final settlement will be reached, as both block and bituminous miners will be represented.
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Declined to Treat with the Union
      Decatur, Ills., June 19. --A meeting of the Miners union was held and a committee appointed to wait on the coal company with a view to returning to work. Superintendent Armstrong refused to receive them as members of the union, but said he wanted to treat with his employes as individuals. The committee reported and the miners decided not to work until the union was recognized. They offered to arbitrate. The coal company says it nothing to arbitrate and so will not consider that. They say they have waited as long as they will for their men to come back and are now going to open the mines at once. The Springfield conference did not change the Decatur scale and it was supposed that there would be an immediate resumption of work here.
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LaSalle Miners Willing to Work.
      LaSalle, Ills., June 19. -- A mass meeting of the miners of this vicinity was held and adopted a resolution favoring going to work at the prices agreed upon at Columbus providing there is a general resumption of work in Ohio and Pennsylvania. The resolution passed by a very small.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 208
Wednesday, June 20, 1894, Page 2
Why the Consolidated Rejects the Springfield Scale
Implication That It Was Gotten Up for the Benefit of Hand Mine Men and Operators
-- Alleged Unfairness Pointed Out
-- McBride and Adams Meet at Columbus and Tell the Convention What They Think of Each Other
      St. Louis, June 20. -- General Manager Simpson, of the Consolidated Coal company, has given out a statement as to why his company will not sign the Springfield, Ills., conference scale. Simpson says: "The scale demands an advance in the wages of machine miners in southern Illinois in which wages have not been reduced for years, while at the same time it reduces the wages in hand mines, where the wages have already been cut below the corresponding rates paid in the machine mines. It demands a large advance over 1893 rates from machine mines. In southern Illinois, while Pennsylvania and Ohio have gone to work at a reduction of 14 per cent, and while northern Illinois only demands the old rate. In the Danville district the rates have always been 10 cents below the adjoining bituminous districts in Indiana.
Other Inequalities Alleged
      "Still an advance of 10 cents is now asked at Danville, while Indiana takes a cut of 14 per cent by the Columbus settlement. It proposes a uniform rate of 1.2 cents per square foot for machine mining in all central and southern Illinois, entirely ignoring the varying conditions which prevail in the various mines. This would enable men working in some mines to earn $3 per day, while in others not over $2.50 could be earned by the same labor. It changes the relation which the wages of the helpers at machine mining have borne to those of machine runners from66½ per cent, to 83½ per cent., although the present ratio has been in force and without complaint for ten years.
Scheme in the Rule for Measuring
      "It proposes that the space cut by machines shall be measured every day instead of weekly or monthly because it knows that the sum of the daily measurements will over-run the total taken at the end of the month and thus give the machine runner an unfair advantage. The demand of an increase from 18 to 32½ to men loading after machines in the Peoria district would increase loaders' wages from about $2 to $3.50 per day. These men are laborers only and not in any sense skilled workmen. The price of 15 cents per ton, for loading mine run, is an increase of 15 per cent, and would increase that class of loaders front $1.85 to $2.13 per day. These men, too, are common laborers only.
Good Enough for Hand Mining
      "The Springfield scale is a very clever scheme on the part of the hand miners and operators, and one which would benefit them greatly, while at the same time handicapping machine mined coal to such an extent that but comparatively little of it could be sold and but very little work would be given to machine employes. As the Consolidated Coal company operates machine mines almost exclusively it is in a position to know exactly what the new scale means, not only for itself, but for its employes, and will not for a moment consider it, even if its employes fail to realize the significance of the change of basis proposed."
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The Two Meet at the Columbus Convention and Don't Harmonize
      Columbus, O., June 20. -- No action has been reached by the convention of Ohio miners who oppose the scale agreed to by the national officers, but the temperature in the convention hall has been decidedly warm. McBride is here, not being willing that Adams should have no one to meet any statement he mightchoose to make -- it appearing that the reconciliation at Nelsonville was a dramatic scene gotten up for the occasion, if it happened at all. At this convention yesterday afternoon District President Adams and Secretary Pierce explained the objects of the convention.
      Then National President McBride made an explanation. He said Adams was an unsafe leader and the miners of Ohio would realize it fully in three months. Adams might be sane on some thing, McBride stated, but he was insane on mining questions. Adams followed with a very heated and personal reply. It was openly charged in the convention that the national officers had been in collusion with the operators and had sold out to them. The convention adjourned to today without action, but the delegates are in favor of returning to work, and they say it is the only course open to them.
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They Will Hold a Convention at Streator
-- McBride Denounced
      Spring Valley, June 20. -- At a mass meeting held here to hear the reports of the delegates from the Springfield convention the McBride scale was bitterly denounced and its author scored as a judas who sold out the men. J. W. Murray, vice president of the state union, was authorized to call a delegate convention of the miners of northern Illinois at Streator, June 21. The delegates to the conference were instructed, if compelled by the circumstances of the case to accept the Columbus scale, to do so under protest until such time as the markets warrant the demand for better wages. The sense of the meeting was that the miners of the northern district will not work very long under the reduction and that another strike will be precipitated in the fall should the operators refuse a raise.
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Offer of the Operators Renewed.
      Springfield, Ills., June 20. -- The coal operators of the Springfield sub-district met here with thirteen out of twenty-two shafts represented. They decided to renew their offer made to the miners ten days ago, vis: Thirty-five cents per ton gross, and 52½ cents net, or $2.25 per day. This is 10 cents less than the price demanded by the miners.
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Coal Mine Opened at Decatur.
      Decatur, Ills., June 20. -- The Niantic coal mine has been opened with thirty men at work. The Decatur Coal company owns the mine and will ship the coal to this city. Men who went to the Decatur mines to work were met by a committee of strikers and induced to stay away.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 210
Friday, June 22, 1894, Page 1
Indictments Against Strikers.
      0ttawa, Ills., June 22. -- The grand jury has reported sixty-five indictments to the circuit court, of which twenty-five were against the strikers who nearly murdered Sheriff Taylor and his deputies on May 24, and against the men who destroyed the Scott & McNeil mines at Kingsley and stoned Santa Fe trains at Streator.
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Many Union Men Find Their Places Filled by Strangers.
      Pana, Ills., June 22. -- The strike at Pana was declared off at a meeting of the miners' union. Every man was given the privilege of getting work as best he could at the operators' terms, but most of the local strikers will have to leave town, so it is reported, because their places have been filled by strangers. The scale committee called on the operators and the latter told them they had all the miners they could employ at present and would not recognize the union.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 210
Friday, June 22, 1894, Page 2
Indiana Militia Ordered Home.
      Indianapolis, Ind., June 22. -- Governor Matthews has ordered home the militia companies remaining in the mining district. His information is that the miners are returning to work and that there are no indications of further disturbance. It will be three weeks next Saturday since the troops were called out.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 210
Friday, June 22, 1894, Page 4
Names of the Men Charged with Killing Engineer Barr
      Hubert Rankin, Earnest Poor, Charles Slack, William Wilson, William Worten, William Carr, and William Gardner, charging them with the murder of William Barr on the Vandalia east of this city on June 6. The verdict was murder in the first degree, and the case was unbailable. The accused were sent to jail, where they will be kept until the October term of court, when their cases will come up for trial. The court room was crowded with friends of the prisoners and much excitement was created by the finding of the grand jury.
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Operators Conceded the Scale.
      Springfield, Ills., June 22. The following mines have resumed operation, operators conceding miners' scale: Sangamon, No. 3; Clear Lake co-operative; Capitol cooperative; No. 1 and 2 Citizens and Black Diamond, all at Springfield; Athens No. 2, Greenview; Auburn, Chatham, Edinburg; Cantrall, Niantic, Petersburg; Girard resumed at a compromise. Advices to the officers of the state Miners union state that most of the shafts in the Peoria and Canton sub-district have resumed, the operators giving the miners' scale, while at Pana, where the operators refused the scale 100 only of 800 miners went to work.
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Illinois Miners Resume Work.
      St. Louis, June 22. A large number of mines in southern Illinois have resumed work. Among them are the Carterville Coal company's mine, Brush mine, St. Louis and Big Muddy, two at Breeze, one at Trenton, Joseph Taylor at O'Fallon, Oak Hill, Oakland and Randalls', Belleville, Tilden, Walnut Valley, Brandenburg of Glendale Coal company, Missionfields and Peoria of the Consolidated Coal company, and F. J. Landmeyer's in the Breeze district.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 25
Friday, June 22, 1894, Page 1
Nothing of a Very Definite Character Evolve from the Doings of Yesterday
Number of Mines Resume
-- The Cases of the Mount Olive Men
-- At Fairbury.
      Springfield, Ill., June 21. -- [Associated Press.] -- The miners of Springfield sub-district held a meeting this afternoon and endorsed the scale adopted by the miners' conference, Sunday, and decided that each miner working should pay 12½ per cent of his wages toward helping those without
      The following mines have resumed operations, the operators conceding the miners' scale:
      Sangamon No. 3: Clear Lake County Operative; Capitol Co-Operative Nos. 1 and 2; Citizens' and Black Diamond, all of Springfield.
      Athens No. 2, Greenview, Auburn, Chatham, Edinburg, Cantrall Co-Operative, Niantic, Petersburg, Girard, resumed at compromise.
      Advices to the officers of the miners' union state that most of the shafts in the Peoria and Canton sub-districts resumed today, the operators giving the miners' scale, while at Pana, where the operators refused the scale, 100 only of the 800 miners went to work today.
      The effect of the resumption of the coal mines has caused several large Springfield factories employing hundred of men to resume work.
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At Work at Springfield.
      Springfield, June 21. -- [Special.] -- The Black Diamond mine started up today with about seventy five men at work. It is expected that others will go in tomorrow. One of the cooperative shafts is also at work. The other mines here have not resumed as yet, but are likely to do so at any moment.
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Brick Yard Opens.
      Lincoln, III., June 21. -- [Special.] -- Today the East shaft brick yard opened and will run full capacity. The East shaft will begin mining coal Monday, and it is expected that the Harts & Frorer shaft will begin work also. The miners still stand for the Springfield scale, and if necessary men will probably be imported.
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The Mount Olive Strike.
      Springfield. Ill., June 21. -- [Special.] -- The forty-two Mount Olive strikers in jail here for interfering with trains on the Jacksonville Southeastern road, which is in the hands of a receiver, were arraigned before Judge Allen today, but there cases were continued until Saturday. The wild-eyed tales to the effect that several of these men will go to the penitentiary are entirely unwarranted, as the offense committed does not carry such a penalty with it. They will be tried for contempt, and nothing more.
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At Fairbury.
      Fairbury, June 21. -- [Special.] -- Both shafts are now running full blast and all difficulties between the miners and the operators have been amicably adjusted. The miners did not gain their point, inasmuch as when they struck they were getting 50 cents a ton run of the mine, and now they have gone back at 45 cents a ton, with the agreement that the supplies should hereafter not cost them too much which they buy of the operators. The men here mostly went out in sympathy, but hoped to have their scale increased.
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A Yelp from Streator.
      Springfield, June 21. -- [Special.] -- Gov. Altgeld has received a lengthy communication signed by Joseph Morgan, Robert Billsbury and L. Lewis, who represent themselves as being a committee appointed by a miners' mass meeting at Streator, "to communicate to you a knowledge of the people of our craft and to appeal through you to the people of our state for advice and aid." The letter says that the miners of Streator, in the main, represent "the old Celtic blood and faith, that for unnumbered ages has fought for civil and religious liberty," etc. For the most part, however, the letter is an attack on corporation. It concludes as follows:
They (the corporation) oppress and wrong the people, and the state clothes them with the power by which they do these things. They anticipate demands and take possession of opportunities, and there seems to be nothing left for the people but to do their bidding.
      The state having made them so powerful for the creating and gathering of wealth away from the many towards the few more fitted and crafty, cannot the stale devise way by which they can be used to serve honorably and profitably the less fortunate many upon whose patriotism the state, in all dire needs, must depend? We find ourselves unable to cope with our surroundings, and we view with regret our growing dissatisfaction and rebellious spirit. We are practically denied the right of contract, and we daily witness the departure of our personal independence and consequent decline of our ambition and in manhood. Improperly restrained corporate powers and privileges, and an immigration that amounts to a practical invasion, have resulted in issues which cry to heaven for relief.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 25
Friday, June 22, 1894, Page 2
The Prospect is Quite Fair That Work Will he Generally Resumed.
The Seventh Regiment the Hibernian Rifles, Is Doing Business at Mount Olive
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The Situation at Decatur.
      Decatur, June 18. -- [Special.] -- There is no immediate prospect of work being resumed at the three coal mines in Macon county. The new scale fixed for Decatur at the Springfield conference, Sunday, was 55 cents per ton mine run, and today a committee of twelve miners called on Superintendent Armstrong, hoping to find a ready acceptance of the new rate, it is an advance of one cent. Mr. Armstrong would not give the committee any satisfaction. The miners then held a meeting and voted not to resume work until the company came to terms. The company say they will furnish the people coal as soon as they can get men to go into the mines. A number of company men were on duty cleaning up the galleries.
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Petersburg Miners Go to Work.
      Petersburg, Ill., June 18. -- [Special.] -- The miners of this section met today and decided to go to work in the mines next Wednesday morning at the scale agreed upon for this locality.
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Don't Suit at Springfield.
      Springfield, June 18. -- [Special.] -- The operators of this district, individually, state that the scale submitted at the conference of miners yesterday is absurd and cannot be accepted. They aver that it is 10 cents too high, and that it is impossible to pay such a rate and compete with the Pana district. F. W. Tracy said that, for years, the operators here had been trying to get wages on a basis where they could compete with Northern Illinois in the northwestern market, particularly Wisconsin and Minnesota. Under the new scale this could not be done. Mr. Tracy added that, if the Pana district came up to 40 cents, the operators here might be able to pay 35 cents, the sum demanded by the miners at the time. The indications now are that not a mine will reopen in the district on Wednesday. The operators will hold a meeting tomorrow.
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The Hibernians at Mt Olive.
      Mt. Olive, Ill., June 18. -- The mining situation here is now assuming a threatening aspect. Four hundred members of the Seventh regiment arrived this afternoon, and are now encamped and awaiting orders. They are here to assist the United States marshal in arresting the miners who, for the past week, have been conducting things with a high hand. The grand jury last week found indictments, and warrants were issued for the arrest of 110 miners so charged. Last Saturday night, United States Marshal Brinton and seven assistants made an effort to arrest the guilty ones, but were surrounded by angry miners and were forced to release their prisoners. Owing to the presence of the militia, however, this evening, the guilty ones are being arrested as fast as found, At 9 o'clock tonight twenty-five strikers have been arrested. Superintendent Hebenstreit, of the Staunton mines, says that mines No. 6 and 7 will start at that place tomorrow, and it is feared that, if the militia are not called into service, trouble will occur.
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He Was Besieged by a Mob and His Prisoners Taken Away
      Springfield, June 18. -- [Special.] -- Marshal Brinton and his seven deputies arrived from Mt. Olive at 9 p. m. with twenty-four strikers, on whom warrants were served this evening. It seems that, Saturday night, Brinton arrested four men and got them to the railroad station. Just as he was about to put them on the train a mob of several hundred men and women assaulted him and took the prisoners away. They were armed with pistols, knives, axe handles, rocks and clubs. They told him that, no matter how many deputies were brought down there, no miners would be taken away, and even threatened his life. One man made a lunge at him with an axe handle. The arrests tonight were made without difficulty, although many of the men were very ugly. One is an alderman at Mt. Olive. The marshal will go back tomorrow and bring up another batch of about the same number. Some of the prisoners appeared to be in a jovial mood, while others were rather cast down. They are all foreigners.
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At Pana
      Pana, June 18. -- The striking coal miners held a meeting this afternoon and ratified the action taken by the delegates to the Springfield conference Saturday. The operators say they will conduct their business without regard to any union or conference scale. The shafts and jail are still guarded by the deputies.
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At LaSalle.
      LaSalle, June 18. -- A mass meeting of the miners of this vicinity this afternoon adopted a resolution favoring going to work at the prices agreed upon at Columbus, providing there is a general resumption of work in Ohio and Pennsylvania.
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Plenty of Coal at Fairbury.
      Fairbury, III., June 18. -- [Special.] -- Walton Bros, began working in their shaft here today with a few new men. The striking miners and the operators have been trying to arrange a suitable scale but, up to tonight, have failed to come to any agreement. The cooperative miners who began working on Friday have their shaft now in working order and are raising an abundance of coal, thus ending the coal famine which existed during the strike.
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Auburn Mines Resume.
      Springfield, Ill., June 18. -- The operators of the Auburn mines at Springfield today accepted tho scale of the miners made at Springfield.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 25
Friday, June 22, 1894, Page 5
The Great Strike of the Bituminous Coal Miners is Apparently Tottering to Its Grave
Conference at Springfield, III.
-- What McBride Says
-- Reports from All the Great Fields
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      Springfield, Ill., June 17. -- [Special.] -- The Miners' conference, consisting of eighty-four delegates representing 19,800 men, has been in session here two days and completed its labors tonight.
      A scale was adopted, which met the approval of nearly all the delegates. If the operators accept, the long strike will at once be declared off and the men will go to work.
      The scale is as follows: Peoria and Canton sub-district, 50 cents per ton summer and 55 cents winter; screened, 67½ cents summer and 75 cents winter; loading after machines, 30 cents In summer and 35 cents in winter. Morris mine price 5 cents more.
      Spring Valley -- 82½ cents in summer and 90 cents in winter; screened Braid wood, 87½ and 95 cents.
      Streator, 72½ and 80 cents.
      Bloomington, third vein, 62½ cents, gross weight; second vein, 52½ cents.
      Colfax, 47½ cents, mine run.
      Springfield, 45 cents, mine run.
      Danville district., including Fairmount and Glenburn, 60 cents, screened ; 48 cents, mine run.
      Grape Creek, 60 cents, screened; 30 cents, differential or mine run.
      In the Pana district the average price is 40 cents, mine run
      In all places where the company is to furnish supplies the reduction is 10 cents per ton from district prices.
      All miners using air drills in machine mines $2.50 a day, shooters $2.50, helpers $2. All shooters, except machines and air drills, to receive $2.50 per day. Timbermen $2.25, track layers $2.25, drivers $2, trappers 75 cents, laborers inside mine not less than $1.75, dumpers $2, laborers on top not less than $1.60, box car loaders $1.85.
      Demands are made for a check weighman selected by the miners; that the blacklist system be abolished: that no miner be discharged for the part taken by him in this suspension; that payment be made not less than twice a month.
      The closing resolution reads: "All operators who pay this scale and recognize its conditions shall be permitted to resume work on Wednesday, June 20.
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The Hibernians Ordered to Mount Olive.
      Springfield, June 17. -- [Special.] -- At 8 o'clock tonight, Gov. Altgeld ordered the Seventh regiment of Chicago, the Hibernian Rifles, to proceed to Mt. Olive via the Wabash as soon as possible. There is no additional trouble there today so far as reported to the adjutant general, but Marshal Brinton was unable to make arrests yesterday and the troops go down to enable him to enforce the law.
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What McBride Says.
      Columbus, O., June 15. -- John McBride was asked today : "What authority did your national committee have to make the settlement for the miners?"
      "Our authority was delegated to us by the national convention at Cleveland, May 16, by resolution," he replied.
      "The miners' representatives were told in plain terms before passing the resolution that when the danger line was reached I would favor saving all that could be saved, rather than meet defeat with consequent demoralization and disaster."
      "Do you think you had reached the danger line at the time the agreement was made?"
      The reply to this in substance was that the men were held in line by agitation. "Our funds." continued McBride, "were exhausted and we were hundreds of dollars in debt, and our field workers were unable to pay their expenses and were compelled to stay at home, while from all points came tho cry, 'For God's sake send us men or money to keep our men in line, or the fight is lost..' We could not aid them because we had no money. If money does not come from some source the next, issue of our official journal will be the last. We have a dozen men in jail for conspiracy, among the latter W. B. Wilson, of the national board, at Cumberland, Md. With no money to defend these men, many of them, though innocent, will suffer. Four thousand men deserted us at Coal Creek. Tenn.; nearly 7,000 are at work in Kansas: 10,000 out of the 14,000 in Virginia and West Virginia are also at work. Others are setting aside our policy of peace. We had reached the danger line and made the best we could of the situation.'"
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Minonk Miners.
      Minonk, Ill., June 16. -- The coal operators of this place today submitted a very favorable preposition to a committee of coal miners, tending toward a resumption of work. The men held a mass meeting, the result of which was that they sent a committee of two, Frank Knoll and J. Smith, to confer with the men at Spring Valley. The men will not go to work here until the other places of the state begin, as they fear trouble from the miners at Toluca and La Salle.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 25
Friday, June 22, 1894, Page 10
Miners Are Offered Work at the New Scale
-- Will Probably Go to Work This Week
      Monday morning Superintendent Lyman Graham, of the McLean county coal mine, met with a number of the striking miners and made them an offer to go to work at once. He said that they could go to work just, as soon as they pleased and that he would give them the regular wages they had been receiving before the strike, viz: 50 and 60 cents. Then as soon as it was determined what the new scale was to be he would pay them that and would date the time of payment back to the time of their commencing to work. Mr. Graham thus agrees to give the miners the new scale of prices just as soon as it can be found out what it is, and if they will go to work now, he will allow them the new scale from the time they begin work. The idea, of course, is to get Bloomington coal into the market before other mines that are now being operated supply much of the demand.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 211
Saturday, June 23, 1894, Page 1
Another Arrest for Barr's Murder.
      Brazil, Ind., June 23. -- Samuel Muburger of Harmony, has been arrested on a charge of complicity in the murder of Engineer Barr. The attorneys for the accused are making a strong fight on a writ of habeas corpus to secure the release of their client on bonds.
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Coal Strike Declared Off by Hoosier Miners.
Their Resignations Demanded, as Well as Another National Convention
-- Dunkerly Still "Persona non Grata"
      Terre Haute, Ind., June 23. -- The miners strike so far as it relates to Indiana was formally declared off last night at the state convention of block and bituminous miners, the delegates representing the 3,000 of this state. President George W. Pursell presided. He was elected to succeed President Dunkerly, removed at last Saturday's convention, because be signed the Columbus scale. The motion to accept the Columbus scale of 60 cents for bituminous and 70 cents for block was carried by a vote of 28 to 14. The following resolution was carried:
      "Resolved, That we demand the resignation of the national and district officers who signed the Columbus agreement; that a national convention be called as soon as possible after the resignations of the national and district officers have been secured."
      It was also decided that for day men in Indiana three tons of screened coal constitute a day's work. The sentiment was so strong against the officers who signed the Columbus scale that no effort was made by ex-President Dunkerly's friends to reinstate him.
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Resunating at he Miners' Strike.
      Springfield, Ills., June 23. -- Secretary Guymon, of the state Miner's union, has received word from Belleville that fifteen mines in and around that city had resumed work at the scale adopted by the miners' conference at Springfield Sunday last, and that the mines at Ridge, Perry and Alma, also in St. Clair county, had resumed at the same scale. The Consolidated Coal company, which owns several mines in St, Clair county, still refuses to pay the miners' scale.
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Brazil Miners Declare Independence.
      Brazil, Ind., June 23. -- The miners of this city refused to send delegates to the state convention at Terre Haute, claiming that they would not be governed by its decision. By a majority vote of the miners it was decided also to ignore the action of the previous convention and uphold the action of their national and state officers.
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The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 211
Saturday, June 23, 1894, Page 2
Voted to Sink the Union.
      Decatur, Ills., June 23. -- The Miners' union voted to return to work as individuals. The company has employed 350 men. The officers of the company refuse to say what the men are to get, and this gives color to the report that when they come to work the men will be told that the scale is 2 cents a ton less than before the strike.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 26
Friday, June 29, 1894, Page 7
No Agreement Between the Operators and the Miners and No Work Will Be Done.
      Mr. Jacob Oesterle, of 1021 West Market street, who has been a miner here for some time, called at the Pantagraph office Tuesday evening and said that, during the night fifty miners would leave this city for Pana. A mine superintendent from Pana has been in the city since Sunday, trying to induce the idle men here to go. He pays their expenses and says the four shafts are all working full time.
      A largely attended miners' meeting was held Tuesday afternoon. It ended in a decision not to go to work. Many of the men here, it ts said, want to work, but as the union won't sanction it they are compelled to stay out. Mr. Oesterle, who owns his residence here, and his two sons have been out of work for eight weeks and propose now to earn some money by leaving home.
      Several of the miners who had attended the meeting Tuesday said that, under no circumstances, would they go to work until the new scale was accepted by Mr. Graham. They said the story of the miners going to Pana was all nonsense, or that at least only three or four would go there. These man said that the only point in controversy was that 2½ cents,which was to be charged them for blacksmithing and that they would never go to work at the old scale. In spite of this, it is true that a large number of the miners would gladly go to work at the old scale, but the leaders will not allow them. Three miners who were spoken to yesterday, say that they must go to work, as they are in debt and have no money to live on and that they will gladly accept the old scale. They say that work is plentiful now and that they can earn good wages, but they are afraid of the union. These men state that the strike in the first place was not for higher wages, but was only out of sympathy for other miners.
      Mr. Graham said Tuesday that be had made but one offer and that he had no other to make. He said he would give the old scale and not one cent more unless the neighboring mines did, when he would. He had offered to let the men go to work at the old scale and could now give them plenty of work, and if the other miners in the vicinity accepted the new scale then he would, and he would pay the advanced price from the time the men first went to work. They had refused to accept the offer and he had no other to make. He said he would keep the mine closed a year, if necessary, but no other offer would the men ever get out of him.
      Mr. Graham also said that he had gotten up the scheme of the minors paying him 2½ cents for blacksmithing, so that the men might have a chance to say that they had gone to work at the new scale, 52½ cents, and thus break no union rules. They would then be getting 50 cents, which is all he will pay until the other mines pay more, but the men could say that they were getting 52½ cents, if they chose to. In other words he would pay but 50 cents, the old scale, but if the men wanted to refund him 2½ cents for smithing or for anything else, they could do so, and he would give them 52½ cents, the amount required by the new scale. He says he simply made this proposition so that the men could say they wore working at the new scale and thus help on the time when all the mines would pay it, when he, Mr. Graham, would pay it also and would date the time back and pay it from the time they first went to work. The men he said, do not seem to have caught on the idea, and he has no other offer to make.
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Miners Go Out at Springfield.
      After working for three days, the miners at the Black Diamond mine at Springfield went out again Monday morning. The miners at the North Shaft, a cooperative concern, also stopped work. The men at the Black Diamond were to receive $2.50 per day, but it is understood the operators refused to sign the scale and consequently mining was stopped. The scale adopted by tho operators is to pay 37½c per ton from now until October 1, and 40c per ton from that time until May 1. This scale does not meet with the demand of the miners decided upon at their convention asking 45 cents a ton the year round. A meeting of the miners was held Monday afternoon and they refused to accept the terms of the operators and agreed to stand by the action of the convention. The drivers demand $2 a day and only $1.85 was being paid at the Black Diamond and North shaft. The Capital Coal Company and Citizens' mine are still working.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 26
Friday, June 29, 1894, Page 12
They Go to Work
--A Very Foolish and Unwise Attack on the Militia.
      Lincoln, Ill., June 27. -- [Special.] -- The miners and operators of this city have finally come together and compromised, which makes valuable concessions to the miners. Yesterday a conference was held and a committee appointed to confer with the operators. The following scale was arranged by this committee and the operators, which was also accepted by all the miners.
      The price paid per ton was 51 cents, and now will be 50 cents; but the miners are given a reduction of 50 cents a keg on powder and 25 cents a gallon on oil, while their blacksmithing is to be done free instead of charging cents on the dollar. We are not clearly informed as to the latter and it is reported that drivers get an increase of 25 cents a day. The saving on powder is said to amount to about 2 cents a ton and the total gain to the miner has been figured at $1.60 to $1.65 per week.
      At the east shaft the prices were: Coal, 51 cents per ton, now 50 cents; powder $2.75, now $2.35; oil 75 cents a gallon, now 60 cents. Blacksmithing was and is free, while drivers are paid different wages, according to capability.
      The miners went to work today, but as the operators have no contracts there is little demand for coal and there will not be half-time work.
      By resolution in their meeting the miners have declared a boycott against members of the militia who went from here to Pekin. The action is roundly denounced by all leading and law-abiding citizens here, and is regarded as anarchistic.

The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Illinois
Volume 42, Number 219
Tuesday July 3, 1894, Page 6
Moweaqua, Ills., Miners Strike.
      Moweaqua, Ills., July 3. -- All the miners in the coal shaft have struck against a reduction of 5 cents per ton. They had been receiving 10 cents per ton more than the old scale and worked all through the big coal strike. About fifty men are out.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 28
July 13, 1894, Pages 1, 2 & 6
A Season of Violence and Lawlessness in the Great Illinois Mining Town.
Stores Broken Open and Plundered by Vandals
-- Those Who Speak English Must Go
      Spring Valley, Ill., July 7. -- Two stores were thoroughly looted here today and a dozen others compelled to give up part of their merchandise to a mob of 2,000 striking coal miners.
      The depredations of the mob today commenced at noon, when the meat market of S. M. Horner was taken possession of and thoroughly raided. Not only the fresh meat, but the lard, hams, and everything pertaining to the shop, including the butchers' tools, were carried away. No resistance was made by the proprietors, as that was considered not only useless, but as endangering the destruction of the entire building.
      The mob was made up wholly of non-English-speaking men, the leaders being Lithuanians, Belgians, Poles and Italians.
      When the supply of plunder at Horner's gave out the strikers organized themselves into a band of about 1,000 and, marching along the streets, compelled the following firms to turn over liberal supplies of their goods: George Silber, Harry Paris and Peter Dow & Son. A raid was then made on the saloons and each one visited was compelled to contribute a good-sized keg of beer. By 8 o'clock six kegs of beer had been gathered and were opened on the street corners and made free to all comers. A mob of about two hundred men shattered the doors of the cold storage warehouse of C. Hening & Co. and carried off seven kegs of beer This was added to the supply on the streets and tonight beer runs free.
      Shortly before 6 o'clock the mob gathered in front of the meat market of James B. Nelson, a member of the county board of supervisors. Although the store had been locked up for two hours preceding it was thrown open and the contents in less than an hour's time were carried off by the mob. At both of the stores looted today less than a dozen words were spoken, and so far as the miners were concerned everything was done in apparent good order.
      The plundering of the business houses was commenced late last night, when the heavy plate glass windows of the Spring Valley Coal Company were shattered by stones, and also the entire contents, including two carloads of flour and a stock of dry goods, clothing, groceries and boots and shoes, carried off. The company today places the loss on their stock at 10,000. The loss of the other stores so far will aggregate $4,000.
      Last, night when the pillaging began Sheriff Cox, of Princeton, was called upon and a request made for 200 deputies. He replied he believed he would not be able to get that many men, but would be over in the morning and personally investigate the situation. He was then requested to call upon the governor for troop's, which he did. A demand was also made upon the governor by citizens of this place. Tho governor replied he was unable to send troops, but would ship 100 stand of arms. It is now feared the strikers will seize these upon their arrival
      Last night or early this morning the non-English speaking element of the strikers held a secret meeting, at which it was decided to prevent the running of railroad trains through this city. A motion was also made that all English speaking people be driven out of town and prohibited from returning. A hot debate followed, during which blows were freely exchanged, and the meeting broke up without taking a vote on the latter motion.
      At a special meeting of the city council tonight Sheriff Cox was given full charge of the situation and requested to save the city tonight, if possible, by deputizing several hundred citizens. At 8 o'clock 180 men had been secured. Of this number seventy are placed in the vicinity of the First National bank, eighty are guarding various business houses, and thirty are being held in reserve at the city hall. The men are poorly provided with firearms and are no match whatever for the 2,000 miners.
      At Ladd and Seatonville the situation is equally alarming. At both places there are large company stores and the utmost concern for their safety as well as the many other business houses is felt.
      The immediate cause of the resort to violence yesterday was the refusal of Supervisor James R. Nelson, of this city, to issue further orders on the county for provisions. During the last sixty days these orders aggregated over $4,000. This amount was about sufficient to furnish food for the men while in idleness, and the latter demanded that the plan be continued indefinitely. The county board had unofficially decided to put a stop to the issuing of orders and had so instructed Supervisor Nelson.
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And a Man Mortally Wounded by Random Bullets Fired By Militia.
      Danville, July 9. -- Word was received this morning from Grape Creek that several cars of the Chicago & Eastern Illinois were derailed. Upon the Shelbyville train's arrival at Westville, two miles from Grape Creek it was surrounded by a crowd of miners. Upon the situation being made known here the superintendent made, up a train. A company of militia stationed at Danville Junction was loaded on and the train proceeded to the scene. Upon the approach of the train bearing the militia the miner began warlike demonstrations. Several pistol shots were fired at the soldiers, who returned the fire by shooting over the head of the mob from the train, intending to scare them. Miss Clara James, standing in the doorway of her home, was struck by a random bullet and almost instantly killed. Mrs. Michael Glennan, struck by two bullets, died in five minutes. An unknown man received a wound and will die. Resistance developing, the militia left the train and charged the crowd, securing three prisoners. The crowd dispersed and the troops returned to Danville without further incident.
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A Coal Company Wants Protection.
      Pontiac, Ill., July 9. -- The sheriff here was called upon today by the Chicago, Wilmington & Vermilion Coal Co. to furnish deputies to protect their property in this county, just south of Streator. Violence and destruction are feared from the miners of Kangley and Spring Valley. The sheriff will have a posse of twenty-five men to guard the mines tonight.
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Thirty-Five of the Little's Mine Rioters Waive Trial Until the Next Term.
      Pekin, July 9. --[Special.]-- Some thirty-five persons indicted for being implicated with murder, arson and riot at Little's coal mine, were brought before the circuit court this afternoon and waived their trial till the next term of court, and their cases were continued. Among them was John L. Geher who is indicted for murder and arson, who was the leader of the mob. Ten who were under arrest but not indicted, have been liberated.
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Tazewell County Asked to Pay the Littles $14,353.87.
      Pekin, July 9. --[Special.]-- The bill of E. Little & Bro. for damages against Tazewell county caused by a mob, was presented to the board of supervisors at their meeting this afternoon. It amounts to $19,138.56, but as they can only collect three-fourths of that amount, it brings it down to $14,353.87. The bill was referred to the judiciary committee.
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Two Italian Rioters Laid Out and a Number of Others Wounded by Shots of Uncle Sam.
Once More tho Anarchistic Outfit Bumps Up Against the Servants of the Nation.
      Ladd, Ill., July 10. -- The first lives were lost in the Bureau county coal fields today as the outcome of the present trouble. Two men were killed and five injured.
      BAKLMER, DOMINIC, Italian, shot through the head by a United States regular; died instantly.
      SATOLLI, JOHN, Italian, shot through the breast, and knee shattered by regulars; died four hours later.
      Gregory, Walter, deputy, two ribs broken and body bruised.
      Kolp, Lash, deputy, shot in the thigh.
      Powell, S. T., deputy, shot twice in the face.
      Unknown Italian rioter shot by Powell.
      Unknown rioter, hand and arm badly lacerated by bayonet while the militia were clearing the streets at Spring Valley. The regulars were guarding the passenger train on the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific railroad, being on their way through the city from Chicago to Bureau Junction.
      The anarchists gathered on the hill and commenced stoning the train as soon as it arrived. They were ordered to stop and, upon refusing, a volley was fired, two of their number wore shot dead.
      Powell was returning from Spring Valley where he had taken a load of deputies when the rioters opened fire upon him from ambush. Four shots were fired, two taking effect in his face. He returned four shots, and seriously injured, if not killed, one Italian.
      Depredations are being committed by non-English speaking men in Bureau county and there is intense excitement tonight.
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Funeral of the Victim.
      Danville, Ill., July 10. -- The coroner's jury in the case of Miss Clara James and Mrs. Mary Glennan. the two women killed yesterday near Grape Creek in the skirmish between the miners and the militia, returned a verdict declaring it a clear case of unjustifiable homicide and recommending that legal action be taken to bring the offenders to justice.
      The funeral of Miss James was held this afternoon. Tho body was followed to the grave by about 350 miners and railroad men on foot and over 100 carriages.
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A Meeting of Coal Miners is Addressed by Superintendent Graham, But They Decide to Remain Out.
      -- Wednesday [July 11] at Trades' Assembly Hall was hold a largely attended meeting of the coal miners of the city. They met at the request of Superintendent Graham, of the McLean County Coal Company, who desired that the miners take a secret ballot on the question of going back to work. Mr. Graham claimed that a good many miners had come to him and told him that they desired to return to work, but were afraid of the union.
      He had requested them to take a secret ballot and to determine if they would return or not. He requested them to take out their tools, which have remained there since the strike, unless they decided to go to work. He said to them that the company had made no reduction in wages for five years but in that time the price of coal decreased many times. The purchase power of a dollar was more today than then, consequently the men were receiving better wages than five years ago.
      Much to the surprise of Mr. Graham, it was decided not to take a secret ballot, but to ask every man who wanted to return to work at the old scale to stand up. Not one arose. Then every man who wanted to remain out, until the new scale was accepted, was asked to stand, and every man in the hall arose. Mr. Graham then thanked the men for giving him an opportunity to address them and also complimented them on their gentlemanly behavior during the long strike. A resolution was passed by the miners thanking Mr. Graham for his interest in them and for the pleasant manner in which he had always treated them.
      Mr. Graham requested the miners to take out their tools by Wednesday, if possible, and they said they would. What the next step of the mine owners will be is not decided at present.
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All Is Quiet and the Trouble Is Apparently at an End.
      Spring Valley, July 11. -- Today passed without incident, except the funeral of the Italian, Brarna, who was killed by United States troops. The funeral was the largest ever witnessed in the city. Over three thousand miners from all over the district were in line, besides one hundred vehicles. The coroner's jury returned a verdict, finding that the deceased came to his death by a gunshot wound fired at the hands of Company E, Fifteenth regiment infantry, U. S. A,, and was engaged in peaceful and lawful occupation at the time. More deputies arrived, but they are not needed as everything is quiet. The city is guarded by militiamen, and there is no cause for anxiety in the surrounding towns as to the Spring Valley miners.
      This afternoon constables with the aid of fifty deputies commenced searching miners' houses for goods that were stolen during the looting of the company stores at Ladd, Nearly five wagon loads of goods were recovered and thirteen arrests were made.
      At Seatonville everything is quiet and peaceful and the town is guarded by a squad of deputies.
      The settlement of the mining trouble seems as far off as ever.
- - - - -
The Roanoke Coal Shaft.
      Eureka, July 12. --[Special.]-- A gentleman who is connected with a coal mining company of Roanoke was in this city Tuesday, and said regarding the strike in that city, that there was no prospect of a settlement. The company will not give the former price, and the miners seem equally determined not to accept a reduction. The miners are reported to be in a very poor condition, many of them have to beg.
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Retribution -- Wholesale Arrests -- The Hand of the Law Is Felt
      Spring Valley, Ill., July 13. -- Wholesale arrests for the looting of the Spring Valley Coal Company store were commenced today by the sheriff, assisted by a company of militia. Ten arrests were made and the prisoners taken to Princeton under heavy guard. The arrests will be continued tomorrow. A picket line is drawn around the city, and it is impossible for any looters to confiscate goods outside tho city,
      Everything is quiet out at Seatonville, and there is no apprehension of trouble.
      Three or four more arrests were made at Ladd today.

Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 31
August 3, 1894, Page 1
The Miners at Streator and Vicinity Will Go to Work at Columbus Prices
      The Miners at Streator and Vicinity Will Go to Work at Columbus Prices. Streator, Ill., Aug. 2. -- At a mass meeting of the miners of Streator and vicinity today it was resolved to go to work next Monday at the Columbus scale of prices. This virtually ends the big strike in the northern Illinois district, which has lasted nearly four months.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 32
August 10, 1894, page 1
Guards Are Today Removed From the Illinois Mines.
      Morris, Ill., Aug. 9. -- The coal strike which began April 21 has at last spent its force and was officially declared off this morning. Deputy Sheriff Alsdurf telegraphed Sheriff Daniels at 10 o'clock asking that conveyances be sent for, the removal of his guards, the situation being no longer considered dangerous. Last week a few hundred men broke ranks and started to work in Gardner, Braceville and two mines of Carbon Hill. Tuesday night some foreigners and those of the union who remained obdurate aided by some strikers from Braidwood placed Carbon Hill in an uproar by marching through town heavily armed and frightening the inhabitants from their homes. Tho sheriff's appearance "on the scene with additional deputies and the marshaling of fifty stands of arms from Springfield put a quietus one the scene. Half the usual number resumed work the next day under guard and after a day of oppressive quiet the idlers have at last been forced to surrender. The news is hailed with gladness on every hand.
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Ladd, Seatonville and Spring Valley.
      Spring Valley, Ill., Aug. 9. -- The Ladd and Seatonville miners have gone to work, the companies there having recognized and treated with the local miners' committees; but in Spring Valley neither Manager Dalzell nor the miners have yielded from their position in regard to recognition of the Miners' Union. The miners show no signs of weakening and expect aid from places resuming work.
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Weekly Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois
Volume 48, Number 33
August 17, 1894, page 1
They Listen to Dalzell and Will Go to Work Monday.
      Spring Valley, Ill., Aug. 16. -- Fifteen hundred miners of this city hold a meeting in tho opera house, today, to listen to a proposition from S. M. Dalzell, general manager of the Spring Valley Coal Company. Dalzell said he would not victimize any man for any connection he may have had with the strike, and the rents and coal will be reduced in proportion to the reduction the miners suffered under tho Columbian scale. However, he expected the men to clean up the roads and places.
      All the propositions were accepted with the exception of the last point and, after some discussion, the company agreed to clean up the large falls.
      Then the men voted, unanimously, to declare the strike off, and resume work Monday morning.
      Thus ends the big strike that has kept the mines in idleness for four months.

Coal & Coal Mining in Illinois
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